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Reduced Prevalence of Diabetic Ketoacidosis at Diagnosis of Type 1 Diabetes in Young Children Participating in Longitudinal Follow-Up

Larsson, Helena LU ; Vehik, Kendra; Bell, Ronny; Dabelea, Dana; Dolan, Lawrence; Pihoker, Catherine; Knip, Mikael; Veijola, Riitta; Lindblad, Bengt and Samuelsson, Ulf, et al. (2011) In Diabetes Care 34(11). p.2347-2352
Abstract
OBJECTIVE-Young children have an unacceptably high prevalence of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) at the clinical diagnosis of type I. diabetes. The aim of this study was to determine whether knowledge of genetic risk and close follow-up for development of islet autoantibodies through participation in The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study results in lower prevalence of DKA at diabetes onset in children aged <2 and <5 years compared with population-based incidence studies and registries. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-Symptoms and laboratory data collected on TEDDY participants diagnosed with type 1 diabetes between 2004 and 2010 were compared with data collected during the similar periods from studies and... (More)
OBJECTIVE-Young children have an unacceptably high prevalence of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) at the clinical diagnosis of type I. diabetes. The aim of this study was to determine whether knowledge of genetic risk and close follow-up for development of islet autoantibodies through participation in The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study results in lower prevalence of DKA at diabetes onset in children aged <2 and <5 years compared with population-based incidence studies and registries. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-Symptoms and laboratory data collected on TEDDY participants diagnosed with type 1 diabetes between 2004 and 2010 were compared with data collected during the similar periods from studies and registries in all TEDDY-participating countries (U.S., SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study; Sweden, Swediabkids; Finland, Finnish Pediatric Diabetes Register; and Germany, Diabetes Patienten Verlaufsdokumenation [DPV] Register). RESULTS-A total of 40 children younger than age 2 years and 79 children younger than age 5 years were diagnosed with type 1 diabetes in TEDDY as of December 2010. In children <2 years of age at onset, DKA prevalence in TEDDY participants was significantly lower than in all comparative registries (German DPV Register, P < 0.0001; Swediabkids, P = 0.02; SEARCH, P < 0.0001; Finnish Register, P < 0.0001). The prevalence of DKA in TEDDY children diagnosed at <5 years of age (13.1%) was significantly lower compared with SEARCH (36.4%) (P < 0.0001) and the German DPV Register (32.2%) (P < 0.0001) but not compared with Swediabkids or the Finnish Register. CONCLUSIONS-Participation in the TEDDY study is associated with reduced risk of DMA at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in young children. (Less)
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Diabetes Care
volume
34
issue
11
pages
2347 - 2352
publisher
American Diabetes Association
external identifiers
  • wos:000296955100002
  • scopus:84857073801
ISSN
1935-5548
DOI
10.2337/dc11-1026
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a0ce9de0-5b73-4fdf-ab26-2ee1bc2b08da (old id 2253346)
date added to LUP
2012-01-02 08:00:11
date last changed
2017-11-12 03:46:32
@article{a0ce9de0-5b73-4fdf-ab26-2ee1bc2b08da,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVE-Young children have an unacceptably high prevalence of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) at the clinical diagnosis of type I. diabetes. The aim of this study was to determine whether knowledge of genetic risk and close follow-up for development of islet autoantibodies through participation in The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study results in lower prevalence of DKA at diabetes onset in children aged &lt;2 and &lt;5 years compared with population-based incidence studies and registries. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-Symptoms and laboratory data collected on TEDDY participants diagnosed with type 1 diabetes between 2004 and 2010 were compared with data collected during the similar periods from studies and registries in all TEDDY-participating countries (U.S., SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study; Sweden, Swediabkids; Finland, Finnish Pediatric Diabetes Register; and Germany, Diabetes Patienten Verlaufsdokumenation [DPV] Register). RESULTS-A total of 40 children younger than age 2 years and 79 children younger than age 5 years were diagnosed with type 1 diabetes in TEDDY as of December 2010. In children &lt;2 years of age at onset, DKA prevalence in TEDDY participants was significantly lower than in all comparative registries (German DPV Register, P &lt; 0.0001; Swediabkids, P = 0.02; SEARCH, P &lt; 0.0001; Finnish Register, P &lt; 0.0001). The prevalence of DKA in TEDDY children diagnosed at &lt;5 years of age (13.1%) was significantly lower compared with SEARCH (36.4%) (P &lt; 0.0001) and the German DPV Register (32.2%) (P &lt; 0.0001) but not compared with Swediabkids or the Finnish Register. CONCLUSIONS-Participation in the TEDDY study is associated with reduced risk of DMA at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in young children.},
  author       = {Larsson, Helena and Vehik, Kendra and Bell, Ronny and Dabelea, Dana and Dolan, Lawrence and Pihoker, Catherine and Knip, Mikael and Veijola, Riitta and Lindblad, Bengt and Samuelsson, Ulf and Holl, Reinhard and Haller, Michael J.},
  issn         = {1935-5548},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {2347--2352},
  publisher    = {American Diabetes Association},
  series       = {Diabetes Care},
  title        = {Reduced Prevalence of Diabetic Ketoacidosis at Diagnosis of Type 1 Diabetes in Young Children Participating in Longitudinal Follow-Up},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2337/dc11-1026},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {2011},
}