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Quantification and visualization of cardiovascular 4D velocity mapping accelerated with parallel imaging or k-t BLAST: head to head comparison and validation at 1.5 T and 3 T

Carlsson, Marcus LU ; Töger, Johannes LU ; Kanski, Mikael LU ; Markenroth Bloch, Karin LU ; Ståhlberg, Freddy LU ; Heiberg, Einar LU and Arheden, Håkan LU (2011) In Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 13(55).
Abstract
Background: Three-dimensional time-resolved (4D) phase-contrast (PC) CMR can visualize and quantify cardiovascular flow but is hampered by long acquisition times. Acceleration with SENSE or k-t BLAST are two possibilities but results on validation are lacking, especially at 3 T. The aim of this study was therefore to validate quantitative in vivo cardiac 4D-acquisitions accelerated with parallel imaging and k-t BLAST at 1.5 T and 3 T with 2D-flow as the reference and to investigate if field strengths and type of acceleration have major effects on intracardiac flow visualization. Methods: The local ethical committee approved the study. 13 healthy volunteers were scanned at both 1.5 T and 3 T in random order with 2D-flow of the aorta and... (More)
Background: Three-dimensional time-resolved (4D) phase-contrast (PC) CMR can visualize and quantify cardiovascular flow but is hampered by long acquisition times. Acceleration with SENSE or k-t BLAST are two possibilities but results on validation are lacking, especially at 3 T. The aim of this study was therefore to validate quantitative in vivo cardiac 4D-acquisitions accelerated with parallel imaging and k-t BLAST at 1.5 T and 3 T with 2D-flow as the reference and to investigate if field strengths and type of acceleration have major effects on intracardiac flow visualization. Methods: The local ethical committee approved the study. 13 healthy volunteers were scanned at both 1.5 T and 3 T in random order with 2D-flow of the aorta and main pulmonary artery and two 4D-flow sequences of the heart accelerated with SENSE and k-t BLAST respectively. 2D-image planes were reconstructed at the aortic and pulmonary outflow. Flow curves were calculated and peak flows and stroke volumes (SV) compared to the results from 2D-flow acquisitions. Intra-cardiac flow was visualized using particle tracing and image quality based on the flow patterns of the particles was graded using a four-point scale. Results: Good accuracy of SV quantification was found using 3 T 4D-SENSE (r(2) = 0.86, -0.7 +/- 7.6%) and although a larger bias was found on 1.5 T (r(2) = 0.71, -3.6 +/- 14.8%), the difference was not significant (p = 0.46). Accuracy of 4D k-t BLAST for SV was lower (p < 0.01) on 1.5 T (r(2) = 0.65, -15.6 +/- 13.7%) compared to 3 T (r(2) = 0.64, -4.6 +/- 10.0%). Peak flow was lower with 4D-SENSE at both 3 T and 1.5 T compared to 2D-flow (p < 0.01) and even lower with 4D k-t BLAST at both scanners (p < 0.01). Intracardiac flow visualization did not differ between 1.5 T and 3 T (p = 0.09) or between 4D-SENSE or 4D k-t BLAST (p = 0.85). Conclusions: The present study showed that quantitative 4D flow accelerated with SENSE has good accuracy at 3 T and compares favourably to 1.5 T. 4D flow accelerated with k-t BLAST underestimate flow velocities and thereby yield too high bias for intra-cardiac quantitative in vivo use at the present time. For intra-cardiac 4D-flow visualization, however, 1.5 T and 3 T as well as SENSE or k-t BLAST can be used with similar quality. (Less)
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published
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in
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
volume
13
issue
55
publisher
BioMed Central
external identifiers
  • wos:000296842200001
  • scopus:84857015934
ISSN
1097-6647
DOI
10.1186/1532-429X-13-55
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8bea61bb-ffcd-45ea-86a5-8f594e3a8c80 (old id 2254413)
date added to LUP
2012-01-02 08:05:19
date last changed
2017-04-30 04:35:55
@article{8bea61bb-ffcd-45ea-86a5-8f594e3a8c80,
  abstract     = {Background: Three-dimensional time-resolved (4D) phase-contrast (PC) CMR can visualize and quantify cardiovascular flow but is hampered by long acquisition times. Acceleration with SENSE or k-t BLAST are two possibilities but results on validation are lacking, especially at 3 T. The aim of this study was therefore to validate quantitative in vivo cardiac 4D-acquisitions accelerated with parallel imaging and k-t BLAST at 1.5 T and 3 T with 2D-flow as the reference and to investigate if field strengths and type of acceleration have major effects on intracardiac flow visualization. Methods: The local ethical committee approved the study. 13 healthy volunteers were scanned at both 1.5 T and 3 T in random order with 2D-flow of the aorta and main pulmonary artery and two 4D-flow sequences of the heart accelerated with SENSE and k-t BLAST respectively. 2D-image planes were reconstructed at the aortic and pulmonary outflow. Flow curves were calculated and peak flows and stroke volumes (SV) compared to the results from 2D-flow acquisitions. Intra-cardiac flow was visualized using particle tracing and image quality based on the flow patterns of the particles was graded using a four-point scale. Results: Good accuracy of SV quantification was found using 3 T 4D-SENSE (r(2) = 0.86, -0.7 +/- 7.6%) and although a larger bias was found on 1.5 T (r(2) = 0.71, -3.6 +/- 14.8%), the difference was not significant (p = 0.46). Accuracy of 4D k-t BLAST for SV was lower (p &lt; 0.01) on 1.5 T (r(2) = 0.65, -15.6 +/- 13.7%) compared to 3 T (r(2) = 0.64, -4.6 +/- 10.0%). Peak flow was lower with 4D-SENSE at both 3 T and 1.5 T compared to 2D-flow (p &lt; 0.01) and even lower with 4D k-t BLAST at both scanners (p &lt; 0.01). Intracardiac flow visualization did not differ between 1.5 T and 3 T (p = 0.09) or between 4D-SENSE or 4D k-t BLAST (p = 0.85). Conclusions: The present study showed that quantitative 4D flow accelerated with SENSE has good accuracy at 3 T and compares favourably to 1.5 T. 4D flow accelerated with k-t BLAST underestimate flow velocities and thereby yield too high bias for intra-cardiac quantitative in vivo use at the present time. For intra-cardiac 4D-flow visualization, however, 1.5 T and 3 T as well as SENSE or k-t BLAST can be used with similar quality.},
  author       = {Carlsson, Marcus and Töger, Johannes and Kanski, Mikael and Markenroth Bloch, Karin and Ståhlberg, Freddy and Heiberg, Einar and Arheden, Håkan},
  issn         = {1097-6647},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {55},
  publisher    = {BioMed Central},
  series       = {Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance},
  title        = {Quantification and visualization of cardiovascular 4D velocity mapping accelerated with parallel imaging or k-t BLAST: head to head comparison and validation at 1.5 T and 3 T},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-13-55},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2011},
}