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Rapid and reproducible infectivity end-point titration of virulent phage in a microplate system

Fridholm, Helena LU and Everitt, Einar LU (2005) In Journal of Virological Methods 128(1-2). p.67-71
Abstract
The standard method for measuring the it umber of infectious phages in solution has traditionally been the plaque forming assay. An alternative method is described where the number of lytic, infectious phages is determined in an endpoint titration assay adapted for a microplate system. In this model system, susceptible Escherichia coli 136 at a density of 4 x 10(7) cells/ml, were mixed with an equal volume (100 mu l) of Phi X174 diluted serially in a microtest plate. After 3 h of incubation on a microplate shaker the endpoint was determined spectrophotornetrically and calculated according to the method of Reed and Muench. A well was considered positive for infection if the OD630-value was <= 10% compared to the OD630-value of the... (More)
The standard method for measuring the it umber of infectious phages in solution has traditionally been the plaque forming assay. An alternative method is described where the number of lytic, infectious phages is determined in an endpoint titration assay adapted for a microplate system. In this model system, susceptible Escherichia coli 136 at a density of 4 x 10(7) cells/ml, were mixed with an equal volume (100 mu l) of Phi X174 diluted serially in a microtest plate. After 3 h of incubation on a microplate shaker the endpoint was determined spectrophotornetrically and calculated according to the method of Reed and Muench. A well was considered positive for infection if the OD630-value was <= 10% compared to the OD630-value of the negative control Of uninfected cells. ID50-titers were 2.5 x higher than the PFU-titers (CV 15%) and the intra assay reproducibility revealed a CV of 9%. The method has several advantages as compared with the conventional PFU-titration. It is less time and material consuming with the possibility to assess several samples at the same time. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Virological Methods
volume
128
issue
1-2
pages
67 - 71
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000231055200010
  • pmid:15893387
  • scopus:22144492537
ISSN
1879-0984
DOI
10.1016/j.jviromet.2005.04.004
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2ea1b0ba-ba58-4a95-99d3-649916c0827d (old id 229591)
date added to LUP
2007-08-23 14:19:40
date last changed
2017-01-01 04:31:49
@article{2ea1b0ba-ba58-4a95-99d3-649916c0827d,
  abstract     = {The standard method for measuring the it umber of infectious phages in solution has traditionally been the plaque forming assay. An alternative method is described where the number of lytic, infectious phages is determined in an endpoint titration assay adapted for a microplate system. In this model system, susceptible Escherichia coli 136 at a density of 4 x 10(7) cells/ml, were mixed with an equal volume (100 mu l) of Phi X174 diluted serially in a microtest plate. After 3 h of incubation on a microplate shaker the endpoint was determined spectrophotornetrically and calculated according to the method of Reed and Muench. A well was considered positive for infection if the OD630-value was &lt;= 10% compared to the OD630-value of the negative control Of uninfected cells. ID50-titers were 2.5 x higher than the PFU-titers (CV 15%) and the intra assay reproducibility revealed a CV of 9%. The method has several advantages as compared with the conventional PFU-titration. It is less time and material consuming with the possibility to assess several samples at the same time.},
  author       = {Fridholm, Helena and Everitt, Einar},
  issn         = {1879-0984},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-2},
  pages        = {67--71},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Virological Methods},
  title        = {Rapid and reproducible infectivity end-point titration of virulent phage in a microplate system},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jviromet.2005.04.004},
  volume       = {128},
  year         = {2005},
}