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Combustion products generated by hetero-organic fuels on four different fire test scales

Andersson, Berit LU ; Markert, F and Holmstedt, Göran LU (2005) In Fire Safety Journal 40(5). p.439-465
Abstract
The scaling of results from combustion experiments with four organic substances containing heteroatoms, carried out on four different scales, is discussed. The scales ranged from the micro-scale, using about 2 x 10(-3) kg of the substances, to large scale using about 50 kg of the substances. The content of O-2, CO, CO2, NOx, HCl, HCN and SO2 in the combustion gases were determined with special attention to the survival fractions of the tested substances and the amount of unburned hydrocarbons. The global equivalence ratio (GER) was used to describe the ventilation conditions during the experiments. The conditions were adjusted to range from under- to well-ventilated situations. It was found that the GER is not the only parameter that... (More)
The scaling of results from combustion experiments with four organic substances containing heteroatoms, carried out on four different scales, is discussed. The scales ranged from the micro-scale, using about 2 x 10(-3) kg of the substances, to large scale using about 50 kg of the substances. The content of O-2, CO, CO2, NOx, HCl, HCN and SO2 in the combustion gases were determined with special attention to the survival fractions of the tested substances and the amount of unburned hydrocarbons. The global equivalence ratio (GER) was used to describe the ventilation conditions during the experiments. The conditions were adjusted to range from under- to well-ventilated situations. It was found that the GER is not the only parameter that influences the production of combustion gases. Other parameters such as temperature and residence time also seem to be important in explaining the results. The experiments were performed as a part of the TOXFIRE project within the EC Environment programme. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
global, ventilation, survival fractions, scaling, combustion products, GER, equivalence ratio
in
Fire Safety Journal
volume
40
issue
5
pages
439 - 465
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000231098300004
  • scopus:21744457992
ISSN
0379-7112
DOI
10.1016/j.firesaf.2005.03.002
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
05f510cd-7907-4d50-93af-e1dcbd2ab0f6 (old id 229701)
date added to LUP
2007-08-07 10:49:52
date last changed
2017-01-01 06:46:39
@article{05f510cd-7907-4d50-93af-e1dcbd2ab0f6,
  abstract     = {The scaling of results from combustion experiments with four organic substances containing heteroatoms, carried out on four different scales, is discussed. The scales ranged from the micro-scale, using about 2 x 10(-3) kg of the substances, to large scale using about 50 kg of the substances. The content of O-2, CO, CO2, NOx, HCl, HCN and SO2 in the combustion gases were determined with special attention to the survival fractions of the tested substances and the amount of unburned hydrocarbons. The global equivalence ratio (GER) was used to describe the ventilation conditions during the experiments. The conditions were adjusted to range from under- to well-ventilated situations. It was found that the GER is not the only parameter that influences the production of combustion gases. Other parameters such as temperature and residence time also seem to be important in explaining the results. The experiments were performed as a part of the TOXFIRE project within the EC Environment programme.},
  author       = {Andersson, Berit and Markert, F and Holmstedt, Göran},
  issn         = {0379-7112},
  keyword      = {global,ventilation,survival fractions,scaling,combustion products,GER,equivalence ratio},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {439--465},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Fire Safety Journal},
  title        = {Combustion products generated by hetero-organic fuels on four different fire test scales},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.firesaf.2005.03.002},
  volume       = {40},
  year         = {2005},
}