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Informell ekonomi som rationell vana och statskritik : en intervjustudie kring post-sovjetisk vardagskorruption

Lennhag, Mi LU (2011) In Nordisk Østforum p.345-368
Abstract
This article examines continuity, change and adaptation of blat, a Soviet-time informal economic transaction network, in today’s Ukraine and Belarus. The analysis is based on 33 in-depth interviews, and the main focus is the descriptions, justifications and explanations of on-going informal participation in contemporary forms of blat. Theories on informal institutions, path dependence and the relationship between individuals and the post-Soviet state are elaborated to highlight the characteristics of contemporary blat transactions. The continued presence of blat, re-adapted to the new socio-economic circumstances, is highlighted – for instance the increased use of money in blat transactions and the growing number of autonomous bribe... (More)
This article examines continuity, change and adaptation of blat, a Soviet-time informal economic transaction network, in today’s Ukraine and Belarus. The analysis is based on 33 in-depth interviews, and the main focus is the descriptions, justifications and explanations of on-going informal participation in contemporary forms of blat. Theories on informal institutions, path dependence and the relationship between individuals and the post-Soviet state are elaborated to highlight the characteristics of contemporary blat transactions. The continued presence of blat, re-adapted to the new socio-economic circumstances, is highlighted – for instance the increased use of money in blat transactions and the growing number of autonomous bribe collectors demanding bribes in interaction with civil servants. Today’s blat is a channel for giving bribes and a guarantee for good social services. Individuals justify their participation in these informal activities by placing the blame on dysfunctional laws, heavy bureaucracy, lack of state control, illicit acts by other citizens or state officials, and on low identification with an (immoral) state. Respondents also display a preference for informal solutions, which are seen as a better way of solving many everyday problems. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
alternative title
Informal Economy as Rational Habit and State Criticism : An Interview Study on Post-Soviet Petty Corruption
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Informal economy , corruption, blat, transition, Soviet inheritance , Ukraine, Belarus
in
Nordisk Østforum
issue
4
pages
345 - 368
publisher
Cappelen Damm Akademisk
ISSN
0801-7220
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
25e1b96b-89cf-4ed1-94ae-664d7e029707 (old id 2300388)
alternative location
https://www.idunn.no/nof/2011/04/art12
date added to LUP
2012-01-23 07:18:20
date last changed
2017-03-09 09:38:21
@article{25e1b96b-89cf-4ed1-94ae-664d7e029707,
  abstract     = {This article examines continuity, change and adaptation of blat, a Soviet-time informal economic transaction network, in today’s Ukraine and Belarus. The analysis is based on 33 in-depth interviews, and the main focus is the descriptions, justifications and explanations of on-going informal participation in contemporary forms of blat. Theories on informal institutions, path dependence and the relationship between individuals and the post-Soviet state are elaborated to highlight the characteristics of contemporary blat transactions. The continued presence of blat, re-adapted to the new socio-economic circumstances, is highlighted – for instance the increased use of money in blat transactions and the growing number of autonomous bribe collectors demanding bribes in interaction with civil servants. Today’s blat is a channel for giving bribes and a guarantee for good social services. Individuals justify their participation in these informal activities by placing the blame on dysfunctional laws, heavy bureaucracy, lack of state control, illicit acts by other citizens or state officials, and on low identification with an (immoral) state. Respondents also display a preference for informal solutions, which are seen as a better way of solving many everyday problems.},
  author       = {Lennhag, Mi},
  issn         = {0801-7220},
  keyword      = {Informal economy ,corruption,blat,transition,Soviet inheritance ,Ukraine,Belarus},
  language     = {swe},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {345--368},
  publisher    = {Cappelen Damm Akademisk},
  series       = {Nordisk Østforum},
  title        = {Informell ekonomi som rationell vana och statskritik : en intervjustudie kring post-sovjetisk vardagskorruption},
  year         = {2011},
}