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Pipeline break detection using pressure transient monitoring

Misiunas, Dalius LU ; Vitkovsky, J; Olsson, Gustaf LU ; Simpson, A and Lambert, M (2005) In Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management 131(4). p.316-325
Abstract
Sudden pipe breaks occur in water transmission pipelines and distribution mains. The consequences of these breaks can be very expensive because of the service interruption, the cost of repair, and damage to surrounding property and infrastructure. The costs associated with the pipeline breaks can be reduced by minimizing the break detection and location time. This paper presents a new continuous monitoring approach for detecting and locating breaks in pipelines. A sudden pipe break creates a negative pressure wave that travels in both directions away from the break point and is reflected at the pipeline boundaries. Using the pressure data measured at one location along the pipeline, the timing of the initial and reflected transient waves... (More)
Sudden pipe breaks occur in water transmission pipelines and distribution mains. The consequences of these breaks can be very expensive because of the service interruption, the cost of repair, and damage to surrounding property and infrastructure. The costs associated with the pipeline breaks can be reduced by minimizing the break detection and location time. This paper presents a new continuous monitoring approach for detecting and locating breaks in pipelines. A sudden pipe break creates a negative pressure wave that travels in both directions away from the break point and is reflected at the pipeline boundaries. Using the pressure data measured at one location along the pipeline, the timing of the initial and reflected transient waves induced by the break determines the location of the break. The magnitude of the transient wave provides an estimate of the break size. The continuous monitoring technique uses a modified two-sided cumulative sum (CUSUM) algorithm to detect abrupt break-induced changes in the pressure data. The adaptive tuning of CUSUM parameters is implemented to detect breaks of differing sizes and opening times. The continuous monitoring technique is verified by using results from both laboratory and field experiments and shows potential for detecting and locating sudden breaks in real pipelines. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management
volume
131
issue
4
pages
316 - 325
publisher
American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
external identifiers
  • wos:000230123700008
  • scopus:22944431507
ISSN
0733-9496
DOI
10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9496(2005)131:4(316)
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a7493a78-38e3-4299-a414-c275f7f1371f (old id 233782)
date added to LUP
2007-08-22 13:05:15
date last changed
2017-08-20 04:28:56
@article{a7493a78-38e3-4299-a414-c275f7f1371f,
  abstract     = {Sudden pipe breaks occur in water transmission pipelines and distribution mains. The consequences of these breaks can be very expensive because of the service interruption, the cost of repair, and damage to surrounding property and infrastructure. The costs associated with the pipeline breaks can be reduced by minimizing the break detection and location time. This paper presents a new continuous monitoring approach for detecting and locating breaks in pipelines. A sudden pipe break creates a negative pressure wave that travels in both directions away from the break point and is reflected at the pipeline boundaries. Using the pressure data measured at one location along the pipeline, the timing of the initial and reflected transient waves induced by the break determines the location of the break. The magnitude of the transient wave provides an estimate of the break size. The continuous monitoring technique uses a modified two-sided cumulative sum (CUSUM) algorithm to detect abrupt break-induced changes in the pressure data. The adaptive tuning of CUSUM parameters is implemented to detect breaks of differing sizes and opening times. The continuous monitoring technique is verified by using results from both laboratory and field experiments and shows potential for detecting and locating sudden breaks in real pipelines.},
  author       = {Misiunas, Dalius and Vitkovsky, J and Olsson, Gustaf and Simpson, A and Lambert, M},
  issn         = {0733-9496},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {316--325},
  publisher    = {American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)},
  series       = {Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management},
  title        = {Pipeline break detection using pressure transient monitoring},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9496(2005)131:4(316)},
  volume       = {131},
  year         = {2005},
}