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Sulphur-Tolerant Catalysts In Small-Scale Hydrogen Production, A Review

Hulteberg, Christian LU (2012) In International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 37(5). p.3978-3992
Abstract
The role of sulphur in the production of hydrogen in the small-scale for fuel cell applications

is an important topic in the design of such systems and this review of the literature

state-of-the-art has been performed to shed light on some of the possible trade-offs that

will have to be done in designing these systems. The review-paper summarises the literature

with respect to sulphur-laden catalysis in small-scale reforming, including the

reforming reactions (steam reforming, partial oxidation and auto-thermal reforming), the

water-gas shift and the catalysis-based CO clean-up methods (methanation and CO preferential

oxidation). By using sulphur-tolerant catalysts, the... (More)
The role of sulphur in the production of hydrogen in the small-scale for fuel cell applications

is an important topic in the design of such systems and this review of the literature

state-of-the-art has been performed to shed light on some of the possible trade-offs that

will have to be done in designing these systems. The review-paper summarises the literature

with respect to sulphur-laden catalysis in small-scale reforming, including the

reforming reactions (steam reforming, partial oxidation and auto-thermal reforming), the

water-gas shift and the catalysis-based CO clean-up methods (methanation and CO preferential

oxidation). By using sulphur-tolerant catalysts, the designer of these types of

systems have a higher degree-of-freedom design-wise and may have a better position in

finding optimum operating points for the systems.

The conclusions drawn from the literature reviewed in turn leads to believe that it may

be possible to use a sulphur-laden fuel, at least in the reforming step and in the WGS

reaction step. There also seem to be a reasonable possibility to operate a system on

a sulphur-containing liquid hydrocarbon, assuming that issues with gasification and prereforming

is sorted, with the catalysts described for the first reaction step. It is however

believed that it is advisable to remove any sulphur before performing a low-temperature

catalytic gas-polishing reaction step. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Sulphur Steam reforming Partial oxidation Autothermal reforming Water-gas shift Methanation Preferential oxidation
in
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
volume
37
issue
5
pages
3978 - 3992
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000301615200002
  • scopus:84856698858
ISSN
1879-3487
DOI
10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.12.001
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
23cdc509-04c3-43b0-9057-350c441ca8dc (old id 2340159)
date added to LUP
2012-02-09 16:01:28
date last changed
2017-08-06 04:04:28
@article{23cdc509-04c3-43b0-9057-350c441ca8dc,
  abstract     = {The role of sulphur in the production of hydrogen in the small-scale for fuel cell applications<br/><br>
is an important topic in the design of such systems and this review of the literature<br/><br>
state-of-the-art has been performed to shed light on some of the possible trade-offs that<br/><br>
will have to be done in designing these systems. The review-paper summarises the literature<br/><br>
with respect to sulphur-laden catalysis in small-scale reforming, including the<br/><br>
reforming reactions (steam reforming, partial oxidation and auto-thermal reforming), the<br/><br>
water-gas shift and the catalysis-based CO clean-up methods (methanation and CO preferential<br/><br>
oxidation). By using sulphur-tolerant catalysts, the designer of these types of<br/><br>
systems have a higher degree-of-freedom design-wise and may have a better position in<br/><br>
finding optimum operating points for the systems.<br/><br>
The conclusions drawn from the literature reviewed in turn leads to believe that it may<br/><br>
be possible to use a sulphur-laden fuel, at least in the reforming step and in the WGS<br/><br>
reaction step. There also seem to be a reasonable possibility to operate a system on<br/><br>
a sulphur-containing liquid hydrocarbon, assuming that issues with gasification and prereforming<br/><br>
is sorted, with the catalysts described for the first reaction step. It is however<br/><br>
believed that it is advisable to remove any sulphur before performing a low-temperature<br/><br>
catalytic gas-polishing reaction step.},
  author       = {Hulteberg, Christian},
  issn         = {1879-3487},
  keyword      = {Sulphur
Steam reforming
Partial oxidation
Autothermal reforming
Water-gas shift
Methanation
Preferential oxidation},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {3978--3992},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {International Journal of Hydrogen Energy},
  title        = {Sulphur-Tolerant Catalysts In Small-Scale Hydrogen Production, A Review},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.12.001},
  volume       = {37},
  year         = {2012},
}