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Offshore wind power in Sweden - A qualitative analysis of attitudes with particular focus on opponents

Waldo, Åsa LU (2012) In Energy Policy 41(1). p.692-702
Abstract
The Swedish Parliament has voted for massive expansion of wind power within the next decade. As in

many other countries, the establishment of new wind farms has aroused local opposition. This paper

contributes to the literature using a qualitative methodology to analyse attitudes towards wind power.

In 2007, we carried out in-depth interviews with 40 stakeholders concerned with two planned nearshore

farms in Sweden; despite their location, the wind farms’ visual impact provoked strong negative

attitudes. However, we found no evidence of the NIMBY-syndrome; rather, those opposing the wind

farms question wind power more generally, especially vis-a-vis nuclear power. The analysis of... (More)
The Swedish Parliament has voted for massive expansion of wind power within the next decade. As in

many other countries, the establishment of new wind farms has aroused local opposition. This paper

contributes to the literature using a qualitative methodology to analyse attitudes towards wind power.

In 2007, we carried out in-depth interviews with 40 stakeholders concerned with two planned nearshore

farms in Sweden; despite their location, the wind farms’ visual impact provoked strong negative

attitudes. However, we found no evidence of the NIMBY-syndrome; rather, those opposing the wind

farms question wind power more generally, especially vis-a-vis nuclear power. The analysis of attitudes

is based on three components: cognition, feeling and action tendency. The results show high

consistency between the feeling and cognitive components of attitudes: a negative feeling regarding

landscape impact, for example, is accompanied by a belief that wind power is inefficient and

unprofitable. However, in many cases the action tendency component is in dissonance with the other

two: opponents remain passive despite being against the establishment of new wind farms. These

passive opponents represent elements of uncertainty as they may suddenly, at a late stage, turn into

active opponents exerting an effect on the decision process. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
wind power, attitude, sociology, sociologi, qualitative case study
in
Energy Policy
volume
41
issue
1
pages
692 - 702
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000301155500067
  • scopus:84855957141
ISSN
1873-6777
DOI
10.1016/j.enpol.2011.11.033
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fb4ab539-7718-4a19-bf1b-b4657c376a7b (old id 2342856)
date added to LUP
2012-02-20 09:14:39
date last changed
2017-08-13 03:54:43
@article{fb4ab539-7718-4a19-bf1b-b4657c376a7b,
  abstract     = {The Swedish Parliament has voted for massive expansion of wind power within the next decade. As in<br/><br>
many other countries, the establishment of new wind farms has aroused local opposition. This paper<br/><br>
contributes to the literature using a qualitative methodology to analyse attitudes towards wind power.<br/><br>
In 2007, we carried out in-depth interviews with 40 stakeholders concerned with two planned nearshore<br/><br>
farms in Sweden; despite their location, the wind farms’ visual impact provoked strong negative<br/><br>
attitudes. However, we found no evidence of the NIMBY-syndrome; rather, those opposing the wind<br/><br>
farms question wind power more generally, especially vis-a-vis nuclear power. The analysis of attitudes<br/><br>
is based on three components: cognition, feeling and action tendency. The results show high<br/><br>
consistency between the feeling and cognitive components of attitudes: a negative feeling regarding<br/><br>
landscape impact, for example, is accompanied by a belief that wind power is inefficient and<br/><br>
unprofitable. However, in many cases the action tendency component is in dissonance with the other<br/><br>
two: opponents remain passive despite being against the establishment of new wind farms. These<br/><br>
passive opponents represent elements of uncertainty as they may suddenly, at a late stage, turn into<br/><br>
active opponents exerting an effect on the decision process.},
  author       = {Waldo, Åsa},
  issn         = {1873-6777},
  keyword      = {wind power,attitude,sociology,sociologi,qualitative case study},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {692--702},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Energy Policy},
  title        = {Offshore wind power in Sweden - A qualitative analysis of attitudes with particular focus on opponents},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2011.11.033},
  volume       = {41},
  year         = {2012},
}