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Motor Vehicle Speeds: Recommendations for Urban Sustainability

Ivan, John N.; Jonsson, Thomas LU and Borsos, Attila (2012) TRB 91st Annual Meeting In [Host publication title missing]
Abstract
This paper explores how vehicle speeds are related to equitable, environmental and economic sustainability of urban areas. This relationship is manifested primarily through an association between vehicle speeds and road crash casualties, severity of pedestrian crashes, generation of harmful emissions, and relative desirability of neighboring land. Reported research findings describing each of these associations is presented and discussed. Reported experience with implementing various methods of influencing vehicle speeds is then presented and discussed, including automated enforcement, “self-explaining roads”, and in-vehicle systems, among others. In order to support increasing sustainability of urban areas the following are recommended:... (More)
This paper explores how vehicle speeds are related to equitable, environmental and economic sustainability of urban areas. This relationship is manifested primarily through an association between vehicle speeds and road crash casualties, severity of pedestrian crashes, generation of harmful emissions, and relative desirability of neighboring land. Reported research findings describing each of these associations is presented and discussed. Reported experience with implementing various methods of influencing vehicle speeds is then presented and discussed, including automated enforcement, “self-explaining roads”, and in-vehicle systems, among others. In order to support increasing sustainability of urban areas the following are recommended: (1) speed limits should be set to limit casualty risk, not according to driver choices,(2) roadways in developed areas should be designed with 10 ft lanes and on street parking and sidewalks, and (3) vehicle speeds in downtown and residential areas should be kept below 25 mi/h (preferably 20 mi/h), The paper also identifies gaps in knowledge about speed and sustainability. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
sustainability, speed, urban, transportation, traffic
in
[Host publication title missing]
pages
16 pages
publisher
Transportation Research Board, Washington DC, USA
conference name
TRB 91st Annual Meeting
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84904726188
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5b4364bb-2d25-4de3-9597-8de8bc0fb822 (old id 2366357)
date added to LUP
2012-03-01 12:12:40
date last changed
2017-01-01 08:04:12
@inproceedings{5b4364bb-2d25-4de3-9597-8de8bc0fb822,
  abstract     = {This paper explores how vehicle speeds are related to equitable, environmental and economic sustainability of urban areas. This relationship is manifested primarily through an association between vehicle speeds and road crash casualties, severity of pedestrian crashes, generation of harmful emissions, and relative desirability of neighboring land. Reported research findings describing each of these associations is presented and discussed. Reported experience with implementing various methods of influencing vehicle speeds is then presented and discussed, including automated enforcement, “self-explaining roads”, and in-vehicle systems, among others. In order to support increasing sustainability of urban areas the following are recommended: (1) speed limits should be set to limit casualty risk, not according to driver choices,(2) roadways in developed areas should be designed with 10 ft lanes and on street parking and sidewalks, and (3) vehicle speeds in downtown and residential areas should be kept below 25 mi/h (preferably 20 mi/h), The paper also identifies gaps in knowledge about speed and sustainability.},
  author       = {Ivan, John N. and Jonsson, Thomas and Borsos, Attila},
  booktitle    = {[Host publication title missing]},
  keyword      = {sustainability,speed,urban,transportation,traffic},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {16},
  publisher    = {Transportation Research Board, Washington DC, USA},
  title        = {Motor Vehicle Speeds: Recommendations for Urban Sustainability},
  year         = {2012},
}