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Inferior physical performance test results of 10,998 men in the MrOS Study is associated with high fracture risk.

Rosengren, Björn LU ; Ribom, Eva L; Nilsson, Jan-Åke LU ; Mallmin, Hans; Ljunggren, Osten; Ohlsson, Claes; Mellström, Dan; Lorentzon, Mattias; Stefanick, Marcia and Lapidus, Jodi, et al. (2012) In Age and Ageing 41(3). p.339-344
Abstract
Background: most fractures are preceded by falls.Objective: the aim of this study was to determine whether tests of physical performance are associated with fractures.Subjects: a total of 10,998 men aged 65 years or above were recruited.Methods: questionnaires evaluated falls sustained 12 months before administration of the grip strength test, the timed stand test, the six-metre walk test and the twenty-centimetre narrow walk test. Means with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) are reported. P < 0.05 is a statistically significant difference.Results: fallers with a fracture performed worse than non-fallers on all tests (all P < 0.001). Fallers with a fracture performed worse than fallers with no fractures both on the right-hand-grip... (More)
Background: most fractures are preceded by falls.Objective: the aim of this study was to determine whether tests of physical performance are associated with fractures.Subjects: a total of 10,998 men aged 65 years or above were recruited.Methods: questionnaires evaluated falls sustained 12 months before administration of the grip strength test, the timed stand test, the six-metre walk test and the twenty-centimetre narrow walk test. Means with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) are reported. P < 0.05 is a statistically significant difference.Results: fallers with a fracture performed worse than non-fallers on all tests (all P < 0.001). Fallers with a fracture performed worse than fallers with no fractures both on the right-hand-grip strength test and on the six-metre walk test (P < 0.001). A score below -2 standard deviations in the right-hand-grip strength test was associated with an odds ratio of 3.9 (95% CI: 2.1-7.4) for having had a fall with a fracture compared with having had no fall and with an odds ratio of 2.6 (95% CI: 1.3-5.2) for having had a fall with a fracture compared with having had a fall with no fracture.Conclusion: the right-hand-grip strength test and the six-metre walk test performed by old men help discriminate fallers with a fracture from both fallers with no fracture and non-fallers. (Less)
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organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Age and Ageing
volume
41
issue
3
pages
339 - 344
publisher
Oxford University Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000303335000011
  • pmid:22314696
  • scopus:84860539383
ISSN
1468-2834
DOI
10.1093/ageing/afs010
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
44244354-57a7-4cfe-b5ff-c3b815119d2c (old id 2367184)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22314696?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2012-03-02 09:51:44
date last changed
2017-02-26 04:23:13
@article{44244354-57a7-4cfe-b5ff-c3b815119d2c,
  abstract     = {Background: most fractures are preceded by falls.Objective: the aim of this study was to determine whether tests of physical performance are associated with fractures.Subjects: a total of 10,998 men aged 65 years or above were recruited.Methods: questionnaires evaluated falls sustained 12 months before administration of the grip strength test, the timed stand test, the six-metre walk test and the twenty-centimetre narrow walk test. Means with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) are reported. P &lt; 0.05 is a statistically significant difference.Results: fallers with a fracture performed worse than non-fallers on all tests (all P &lt; 0.001). Fallers with a fracture performed worse than fallers with no fractures both on the right-hand-grip strength test and on the six-metre walk test (P &lt; 0.001). A score below -2 standard deviations in the right-hand-grip strength test was associated with an odds ratio of 3.9 (95% CI: 2.1-7.4) for having had a fall with a fracture compared with having had no fall and with an odds ratio of 2.6 (95% CI: 1.3-5.2) for having had a fall with a fracture compared with having had a fall with no fracture.Conclusion: the right-hand-grip strength test and the six-metre walk test performed by old men help discriminate fallers with a fracture from both fallers with no fracture and non-fallers.},
  author       = {Rosengren, Björn and Ribom, Eva L and Nilsson, Jan-Åke and Mallmin, Hans and Ljunggren, Osten and Ohlsson, Claes and Mellström, Dan and Lorentzon, Mattias and Stefanick, Marcia and Lapidus, Jodi and Leung, Ping Chung and Kwok, Anthony and Barrett-Connor, Elizabeth and Orwoll, Eric and Karlsson, Magnus},
  issn         = {1468-2834},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {339--344},
  publisher    = {Oxford University Press},
  series       = {Age and Ageing},
  title        = {Inferior physical performance test results of 10,998 men in the MrOS Study is associated with high fracture risk.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afs010},
  volume       = {41},
  year         = {2012},
}