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Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents with Autistic Spectrum Disorders: A Meta-Analysis

van Steensel, Francisca; Bogels, Susan and Perrin, Sean LU (2011) In Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review 14. p.302-317
Abstract
There is considerable evidence that children and adolescents with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) are at increased risk of anxiety and anxiety disorders. However, it is less clear which of the specific DSM-IV anxiety disorders occur most in this population. The present study used meta-analytic techniques to help clarify this issue. A systematic review of the literature identified 31 studies involving 2,121 young people (aged\18 years) with ASD, and where the presence of anxiety disorder was assessed using standardized questionnaires or diagnostic interviews. Across studies, 39.6% of young people with ASD had at least one comorbid DSM-IV anxiety disorder, the most frequent being specific phobia (29.8%) followed by OCD (17.4%) and social... (More)
There is considerable evidence that children and adolescents with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) are at increased risk of anxiety and anxiety disorders. However, it is less clear which of the specific DSM-IV anxiety disorders occur most in this population. The present study used meta-analytic techniques to help clarify this issue. A systematic review of the literature identified 31 studies involving 2,121 young people (aged\18 years) with ASD, and where the presence of anxiety disorder was assessed using standardized questionnaires or diagnostic interviews. Across studies, 39.6% of young people with ASD had at least one comorbid DSM-IV anxiety disorder, the most frequent being specific phobia (29.8%) followed by OCD (17.4%) and social anxiety disorder (16.6%). Associations were found between the specific anxiety disorders and ASD

subtype, age, IQ, and assessment method (questionnaire versus interview). Implications for the identification and

treatment of anxiety in young people with ASD are discussed. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Autism, Anxiety, Meta-analysis, Children, Adolescents
in
Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
volume
14
pages
302 - 317
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:80052044947
DOI
10.1007/s10567-011-0097-0
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
824f6c35-4fa0-471e-a095-3aa5e65f7ddb (old id 2369239)
date added to LUP
2012-03-23 11:22:35
date last changed
2017-05-21 04:44:06
@article{824f6c35-4fa0-471e-a095-3aa5e65f7ddb,
  abstract     = {There is considerable evidence that children and adolescents with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) are at increased risk of anxiety and anxiety disorders. However, it is less clear which of the specific DSM-IV anxiety disorders occur most in this population. The present study used meta-analytic techniques to help clarify this issue. A systematic review of the literature identified 31 studies involving 2,121 young people (aged\18 years) with ASD, and where the presence of anxiety disorder was assessed using standardized questionnaires or diagnostic interviews. Across studies, 39.6% of young people with ASD had at least one comorbid DSM-IV anxiety disorder, the most frequent being specific phobia (29.8%) followed by OCD (17.4%) and social anxiety disorder (16.6%). Associations were found between the specific anxiety disorders and ASD<br/><br>
subtype, age, IQ, and assessment method (questionnaire versus interview). Implications for the identification and<br/><br>
treatment of anxiety in young people with ASD are discussed.},
  author       = {van Steensel, Francisca and Bogels, Susan and Perrin, Sean},
  keyword      = {Autism,Anxiety,Meta-analysis,Children,Adolescents},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {302--317},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review},
  title        = {Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents with Autistic Spectrum Disorders: A Meta-Analysis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10567-011-0097-0},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2011},
}