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Cognitive-behavioral therapy for PTSD in children and adolescents: A preliminary randomized controlled trial.

Smith, Patrick; Yule, William; Perrin, Sean LU ; Tranah, Troy; Dalgleish, Tim and Clark, David (2007) In Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 46(8). p.1051-1061
Abstract
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of individual trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for treating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children and young people. Method: Following a 4-week symptom-monitoring baseline period, 24 children and young people (8Y18 years old) who met full DSM-IV PTSD diagnostic criteria after experiencing single-incident traumatic events (motor vehicle accidents, interpersonal violence, or witnessing violence) were randomly allocated to a 10-week course of individual CBT or to placement on a waitlist (WL) for 10 weeks. Results: Compared to the WL group, participants who received CBT showed significantly greater improvement in symptoms of PTSD, depression, and anxiety, with significantly better... (More)
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of individual trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for treating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children and young people. Method: Following a 4-week symptom-monitoring baseline period, 24 children and young people (8Y18 years old) who met full DSM-IV PTSD diagnostic criteria after experiencing single-incident traumatic events (motor vehicle accidents, interpersonal violence, or witnessing violence) were randomly allocated to a 10-week course of individual CBT or to placement on a waitlist (WL) for 10 weeks. Results: Compared to the WL group, participants who received CBT showed significantly greater improvement in symptoms of PTSD, depression, and anxiety, with significantly better functioning. After CBT, 92% of participants no longer met criteria for PTSD; after WL, 42% of participants no longer met criteria. CBT gains were maintained at 6-month follow-up. Effects of CBT were partially mediated by changes in maladaptive cognitions, as predicted by cognitive models of PTSD. Conclusions: Individual trauma-focused CBT is an effective treatment for PTSD in children and young people. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
cognitive-behavioral therapy., Posttraumatic stress disorder
in
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
volume
46
issue
8
pages
1051 - 1061
publisher
Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
external identifiers
  • scopus:34547652452
ISSN
0890-8567
DOI
10.1097/CHI.0b013e318067e288
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
3cbbe0ab-b936-43a4-8975-7a01c9eb7288 (old id 2373368)
alternative location
http://www.jaacap.com/
date added to LUP
2012-03-28 11:31:40
date last changed
2017-07-09 04:42:46
@article{3cbbe0ab-b936-43a4-8975-7a01c9eb7288,
  abstract     = {Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of individual trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for treating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children and young people. Method: Following a 4-week symptom-monitoring baseline period, 24 children and young people (8Y18 years old) who met full DSM-IV PTSD diagnostic criteria after experiencing single-incident traumatic events (motor vehicle accidents, interpersonal violence, or witnessing violence) were randomly allocated to a 10-week course of individual CBT or to placement on a waitlist (WL) for 10 weeks. Results: Compared to the WL group, participants who received CBT showed significantly greater improvement in symptoms of PTSD, depression, and anxiety, with significantly better functioning. After CBT, 92% of participants no longer met criteria for PTSD; after WL, 42% of participants no longer met criteria. CBT gains were maintained at 6-month follow-up. Effects of CBT were partially mediated by changes in maladaptive cognitions, as predicted by cognitive models of PTSD. Conclusions: Individual trauma-focused CBT is an effective treatment for PTSD in children and young people.},
  author       = {Smith, Patrick and Yule, William and Perrin, Sean and Tranah, Troy and Dalgleish, Tim and Clark, David},
  issn         = {0890-8567},
  keyword      = {cognitive-behavioral therapy.,Posttraumatic stress disorder},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {1051--1061},
  publisher    = {Lippincott Williams and Wilkins},
  series       = {Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry},
  title        = {Cognitive-behavioral therapy for PTSD in children and adolescents: A preliminary randomized controlled trial.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CHI.0b013e318067e288},
  volume       = {46},
  year         = {2007},
}