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Differences in the climatic debts of birds and butterflies at a continental scale

Devictor, Vincent; van Swaay, Chris; Brereton, Tom; Brotons, Lluis; Chamberlain, Dan; Heliola, Janne; Herrando, Sergi; Julliard, Romain; Kuussaari, Mikko and Lindström, Åke LU , et al. (2012) In Nature Climate Change 2(2). p.121-124
Abstract
Climate changes have profound effects on the distribution of numerous plant and animal species(1-3). However, whether and how different taxonomic groups are able to track climate changes at large spatial scales is still unclear. Here, we measure and compare the climatic debt accumulated by bird and butterfly communities at a European scale over two decades (1990-2008). We quantified the yearly change in community composition in response to climate change for 9,490 bird and 2,130 butterfly communities distributed across Europe(4). We show that changes in community composition are rapid but different between birds and butterflies and equivalent to a 37 and 114 km northward shift in bird and butterfly communities, respectively. We further... (More)
Climate changes have profound effects on the distribution of numerous plant and animal species(1-3). However, whether and how different taxonomic groups are able to track climate changes at large spatial scales is still unclear. Here, we measure and compare the climatic debt accumulated by bird and butterfly communities at a European scale over two decades (1990-2008). We quantified the yearly change in community composition in response to climate change for 9,490 bird and 2,130 butterfly communities distributed across Europe(4). We show that changes in community composition are rapid but different between birds and butterflies and equivalent to a 37 and 114 km northward shift in bird and butterfly communities, respectively. We further found that, during the same period, the northward shift in temperature in Europe was even faster, so that the climatic debts of birds and butterflies correspond to a 212 and 135 km lag behind climate. Our results indicate both that birds and butterflies do not keep up with temperature increase and the accumulation of different climatic debts for these groups at national and continental scales. (Less)
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publication status
published
subject
in
Nature Climate Change
volume
2
issue
2
pages
121 - 124
publisher
Nature Publishing Group
external identifiers
  • wos:000300520100025
  • scopus:84857484164
ISSN
1758-6798
DOI
10.1038/NCLIMATE1347
project
BECC
CAnMove
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9ef60877-a422-4a10-b97d-1c98414c5e04 (old id 2384514)
date added to LUP
2012-03-30 14:25:34
date last changed
2017-11-19 03:00:37
@article{9ef60877-a422-4a10-b97d-1c98414c5e04,
  abstract     = {Climate changes have profound effects on the distribution of numerous plant and animal species(1-3). However, whether and how different taxonomic groups are able to track climate changes at large spatial scales is still unclear. Here, we measure and compare the climatic debt accumulated by bird and butterfly communities at a European scale over two decades (1990-2008). We quantified the yearly change in community composition in response to climate change for 9,490 bird and 2,130 butterfly communities distributed across Europe(4). We show that changes in community composition are rapid but different between birds and butterflies and equivalent to a 37 and 114 km northward shift in bird and butterfly communities, respectively. We further found that, during the same period, the northward shift in temperature in Europe was even faster, so that the climatic debts of birds and butterflies correspond to a 212 and 135 km lag behind climate. Our results indicate both that birds and butterflies do not keep up with temperature increase and the accumulation of different climatic debts for these groups at national and continental scales.},
  author       = {Devictor, Vincent and van Swaay, Chris and Brereton, Tom and Brotons, Lluis and Chamberlain, Dan and Heliola, Janne and Herrando, Sergi and Julliard, Romain and Kuussaari, Mikko and Lindström, Åke and Reif, Jiri and Roy, David B. and Schweiger, Oliver and Settele, Josef and Stefanescu, Constanti and Van Strien, Arco and Van Turnhout, Chris and Vermouzek, Zdenek and WallisDeVries, Michiel and Wynhoff, Irma and Jiguet, Frederic},
  issn         = {1758-6798},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {121--124},
  publisher    = {Nature Publishing Group},
  series       = {Nature Climate Change},
  title        = {Differences in the climatic debts of birds and butterflies at a continental scale},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/NCLIMATE1347},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2012},
}