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Combining modern plant breeding and enzyme technology to obtain highly enriched erucic acid from Crambe oil

Volkova, Natalia LU ; Li, Xueyuan ; Zhu, Li Hua and Adlercreutz, Patrick LU (2016) In Sustainable Chemical Processes 4.
Abstract
Background

Fatty acids from vegetable oils are useful building blocks for industrial materials. The purpose of this work was to prepare erucic acid with high purity from a vegetable oil. High purity erucic acid is used for the production of erucamide with applications in plastics manufacturing. A newly developed transgenic Crambe line produces seed oil with 68 % erucic acid compared to 53 % in the wild type oil.
Results

Further enrichment of erucic acid from Crambe (wild type and transgenic) oil was achieved by selective enzymatic hydrolysis. Using Candida rugosa lipase as catalyst, other fatty acids were preferentially hydrolysed from the triacylglycerols and erucic acid was enriched in the acylglycerol fraction. The... (More)
Background

Fatty acids from vegetable oils are useful building blocks for industrial materials. The purpose of this work was to prepare erucic acid with high purity from a vegetable oil. High purity erucic acid is used for the production of erucamide with applications in plastics manufacturing. A newly developed transgenic Crambe line produces seed oil with 68 % erucic acid compared to 53 % in the wild type oil.
Results

Further enrichment of erucic acid from Crambe (wild type and transgenic) oil was achieved by selective enzymatic hydrolysis. Using Candida rugosa lipase as catalyst, other fatty acids were preferentially hydrolysed from the triacylglycerols and erucic acid was enriched in the acylglycerol fraction. The highest content of erucic acid achieved in that fraction was 95 %.
Conclusions

The combination of modern plant breeding and enzyme technology is a promising approach for preparation of fatty acids of high purity. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Sustainable Chemical Processes
volume
4
article number
4:1
publisher
Springer Open
external identifiers
  • scopus:85034857997
ISSN
2043-7129
DOI
10.1186/s40508-016-0045-x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
23ee9e5e-8b34-4f46-af98-e65d74bf8309
date added to LUP
2017-12-08 14:26:06
date last changed
2020-01-13 00:17:32
@article{23ee9e5e-8b34-4f46-af98-e65d74bf8309,
  abstract     = {Background<br/><br/>Fatty acids from vegetable oils are useful building blocks for industrial materials. The purpose of this work was to prepare erucic acid with high purity from a vegetable oil. High purity erucic acid is used for the production of erucamide with applications in plastics manufacturing. A newly developed transgenic Crambe line produces seed oil with 68 % erucic acid compared to 53 % in the wild type oil.<br/>Results<br/><br/>Further enrichment of erucic acid from Crambe (wild type and transgenic) oil was achieved by selective enzymatic hydrolysis. Using Candida rugosa lipase as catalyst, other fatty acids were preferentially hydrolysed from the triacylglycerols and erucic acid was enriched in the acylglycerol fraction. The highest content of erucic acid achieved in that fraction was 95 %.<br/>Conclusions<br/><br/>The combination of modern plant breeding and enzyme technology is a promising approach for preparation of fatty acids of high purity.},
  author       = {Volkova, Natalia and Li, Xueyuan and Zhu, Li Hua and Adlercreutz, Patrick},
  issn         = {2043-7129},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Springer Open},
  series       = {Sustainable Chemical Processes},
  title        = {Combining modern plant breeding and enzyme technology to obtain highly enriched erucic acid from Crambe oil},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40508-016-0045-x},
  doi          = {10.1186/s40508-016-0045-x},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2016},
}