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Therapeutic and Prophylactic Effects of Sports and Exercise on Osteoporosis and Fracture Risk

Karlsson, Magnus LU and Rosengren, Björn LU (2012) In Deutsche Zeitschrift für Sportmedizin 63(1). p.9-12
Abstract
Osteoporosis and low bone strength in older people may be due to low bone mass accrual or elevated age-related loss of bone mass. The mechanisms underlying loss of bone mass have long been subjected to research. However, research has only started in the last decade to focus on strategies to increase bone mass:the current opinion is that childhood and adolescence are critical periods for building up bone mineral density. It is also known that life style factors, such as physical activity may influence the accrual of bone mineral density Mechanical loading has been shown to be one of the best stimuli to enhance not only bone mass but also structural skeletal adaptations. both independently contributing to bone strength. Exercise prescription... (More)
Osteoporosis and low bone strength in older people may be due to low bone mass accrual or elevated age-related loss of bone mass. The mechanisms underlying loss of bone mass have long been subjected to research. However, research has only started in the last decade to focus on strategies to increase bone mass:the current opinion is that childhood and adolescence are critical periods for building up bone mineral density. It is also known that life style factors, such as physical activity may influence the accrual of bone mineral density Mechanical loading has been shown to be one of the best stimuli to enhance not only bone mass but also structural skeletal adaptations. both independently contributing to bone strength. Exercise prescription also includes a window of opportunity to improve bone strength in the late pre- and early pen-pubertal period. There is some evidence supporting the notion that gains inbone mass obtained by mechanical loading during growth are maintained at older age despite reduction of physical activity in adulthood. The notion that former male athletes have a lower fracture risk compared to non-athlets of the same age suggests that physical activity during growth and adolescence should be recommended as a feasible strategy to reduce the future incidence of fragility fractures. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Physical activity, bone mass, BMD, bone structure, fractures
in
Deutsche Zeitschrift für Sportmedizin
volume
63
issue
1
pages
9 - 12
publisher
Süddeutscher Verlag onpact GmbH
external identifiers
  • wos:000300532500004
  • scopus:84856614433
ISSN
0344-5925
DOI
10.5960/dzsm.2012.007
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ba202986-4e06-4aea-ab79-da0f9106aa41 (old id 2403247)
date added to LUP
2012-04-02 09:27:53
date last changed
2017-01-01 05:23:44
@article{ba202986-4e06-4aea-ab79-da0f9106aa41,
  abstract     = {Osteoporosis and low bone strength in older people may be due to low bone mass accrual or elevated age-related loss of bone mass. The mechanisms underlying loss of bone mass have long been subjected to research. However, research has only started in the last decade to focus on strategies to increase bone mass:the current opinion is that childhood and adolescence are critical periods for building up bone mineral density. It is also known that life style factors, such as physical activity may influence the accrual of bone mineral density Mechanical loading has been shown to be one of the best stimuli to enhance not only bone mass but also structural skeletal adaptations. both independently contributing to bone strength. Exercise prescription also includes a window of opportunity to improve bone strength in the late pre- and early pen-pubertal period. There is some evidence supporting the notion that gains inbone mass obtained by mechanical loading during growth are maintained at older age despite reduction of physical activity in adulthood. The notion that former male athletes have a lower fracture risk compared to non-athlets of the same age suggests that physical activity during growth and adolescence should be recommended as a feasible strategy to reduce the future incidence of fragility fractures.},
  author       = {Karlsson, Magnus and Rosengren, Björn},
  issn         = {0344-5925},
  keyword      = {Physical activity,bone mass,BMD,bone structure,fractures},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {9--12},
  publisher    = {Süddeutscher Verlag onpact GmbH},
  series       = {Deutsche Zeitschrift für Sportmedizin},
  title        = {Therapeutic and Prophylactic Effects of Sports and Exercise on Osteoporosis and Fracture Risk},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5960/dzsm.2012.007},
  volume       = {63},
  year         = {2012},
}