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Impact of trait anxiety and social conformity on responses to experimental chemical challenge

Örbaek, Palle LU ; Persson, Roger LU and Österberg, Kai LU (2005) In Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 19(3). p.659-664
Abstract
The study examined the impact of trait anxiety and social conformity on ratings and test performance during controlled solvent challenge. Healthy women (n = 20) and men (n = 18) were exposed to increasing levels of toluene and n-butyl acetate in a challenge chamber, during which they repeatedly rated smell intensity and annoyance, and completed neurobehavioral tests. Trait anxiety was measured by the Psychasthenia scale of the Karolinska, Scales of Personality (KSP), and social conformity by the KSP Social Desirability scale. Among women, high Psychasthenia was related to higher increase in ratings of mucous membrane irritation, fatigue, and annoyance from other aspects of the environment than smell during challenges, and was related to a... (More)
The study examined the impact of trait anxiety and social conformity on ratings and test performance during controlled solvent challenge. Healthy women (n = 20) and men (n = 18) were exposed to increasing levels of toluene and n-butyl acetate in a challenge chamber, during which they repeatedly rated smell intensity and annoyance, and completed neurobehavioral tests. Trait anxiety was measured by the Psychasthenia scale of the Karolinska, Scales of Personality (KSP), and social conformity by the KSP Social Desirability scale. Among women, high Psychasthenia was related to higher increase in ratings of mucous membrane irritation, fatigue, and annoyance from other aspects of the environment than smell during challenges, and was related to a higher increase in reaction time variability. Among men, Psychasthenia was unrelated to annoyance ratings, and was inversely related to the increase in smell intensity ratings. Social desirability was unrelated to any rating or performance dimension for either gender. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
solvents, chemical challenge, annoyance, personality, trait anxiety
in
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
volume
19
issue
3
pages
659 - 664
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000228986800039
  • scopus:17044420502
ISSN
1872-7077
DOI
10.1016/j.etap.2004.12.033
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d0b14a54-684e-441f-98db-7478be2aeca6 (old id 240568)
date added to LUP
2007-08-15 13:45:14
date last changed
2017-01-01 04:30:49
@article{d0b14a54-684e-441f-98db-7478be2aeca6,
  abstract     = {The study examined the impact of trait anxiety and social conformity on ratings and test performance during controlled solvent challenge. Healthy women (n = 20) and men (n = 18) were exposed to increasing levels of toluene and n-butyl acetate in a challenge chamber, during which they repeatedly rated smell intensity and annoyance, and completed neurobehavioral tests. Trait anxiety was measured by the Psychasthenia scale of the Karolinska, Scales of Personality (KSP), and social conformity by the KSP Social Desirability scale. Among women, high Psychasthenia was related to higher increase in ratings of mucous membrane irritation, fatigue, and annoyance from other aspects of the environment than smell during challenges, and was related to a higher increase in reaction time variability. Among men, Psychasthenia was unrelated to annoyance ratings, and was inversely related to the increase in smell intensity ratings. Social desirability was unrelated to any rating or performance dimension for either gender.},
  author       = {Örbaek, Palle and Persson, Roger and Österberg, Kai},
  issn         = {1872-7077},
  keyword      = {solvents,chemical challenge,annoyance,personality,trait anxiety},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {659--664},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology},
  title        = {Impact of trait anxiety and social conformity on responses to experimental chemical challenge},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.etap.2004.12.033},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2005},
}