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Income and its distribution in preindustrial Poland

Malinowski, Mikołaj LU and Luiten van Zanden, Jan (2016) In Cliometrica 11(3).
Abstract
This article presents per capita GDP and income distribution estimates for preindustrial Poland. It is based on a social table for the Voivodeship of Cracow in 1578. Our evidence indicates that income in Poland was distributed more equally than in contemporary Holland. However, the extraction rate was much higher than in the North Sea area. Furthermore, income inequality in the countryside of the Voivodeship was higher than inequality in Cracow. This can be explained by the demesne economy based on serfdom that was prevalent in agriculture. Using trends in real wages and urbanisation, we also project Polish GDP forwards and backwards in time. Our results indicate that Polish per capita GDP was below that of Western Europe as early as the... (More)
This article presents per capita GDP and income distribution estimates for preindustrial Poland. It is based on a social table for the Voivodeship of Cracow in 1578. Our evidence indicates that income in Poland was distributed more equally than in contemporary Holland. However, the extraction rate was much higher than in the North Sea area. Furthermore, income inequality in the countryside of the Voivodeship was higher than inequality in Cracow. This can be explained by the demesne economy based on serfdom that was prevalent in agriculture. Using trends in real wages and urbanisation, we also project Polish GDP forwards and backwards in time. Our results indicate that Polish per capita GDP was below that of Western Europe as early as the fifteenth century. This gap persisted despite moderate growth of the Polish economy in the sixteenth century. In the seventeenth century, Poland impoverished and became even poorer than Asian economies for which similar estimates are available. Poland recovered slightly in the eighteenth century but continued to lag behind Western Europe. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
income inequality, long-term economic growth, GDP, poland, serfdom
in
Cliometrica
volume
11
issue
3
pages
30 pages
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:84991758379
ISSN
1863-2513
DOI
10.1007/s11698-016-0154-5
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
241e5b8c-7053-4cec-8643-ec30edd885cd
date added to LUP
2016-11-15 15:11:48
date last changed
2017-11-14 09:55:20
@article{241e5b8c-7053-4cec-8643-ec30edd885cd,
  abstract     = {This article presents per capita GDP and income distribution estimates for preindustrial Poland. It is based on a social table for the Voivodeship of Cracow in 1578. Our evidence indicates that income in Poland was distributed more equally than in contemporary Holland. However, the extraction rate was much higher than in the North Sea area. Furthermore, income inequality in the countryside of the Voivodeship was higher than inequality in Cracow. This can be explained by the demesne economy based on serfdom that was prevalent in agriculture. Using trends in real wages and urbanisation, we also project Polish GDP forwards and backwards in time. Our results indicate that Polish per capita GDP was below that of Western Europe as early as the fifteenth century. This gap persisted despite moderate growth of the Polish economy in the sixteenth century. In the seventeenth century, Poland impoverished and became even poorer than Asian economies for which similar estimates are available. Poland recovered slightly in the eighteenth century but continued to lag behind Western Europe.},
  author       = {Malinowski, Mikołaj and Luiten van Zanden, Jan},
  issn         = {1863-2513},
  keyword      = {income inequality,long-term economic growth,GDP,poland,serfdom},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {10},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {30},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Cliometrica},
  title        = {Income and its distribution in preindustrial Poland},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11698-016-0154-5},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2016},
}