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Individual differences and state effects on mind-wandering: Hypnotizability, dissociation and sensory homogenization

Marcusson-Clavertz, David LU ; Terhune, Devin LU and Cardeña, Etzel LU (2012) In Consciousness and Cognition 21(3). p.1097-1108
Abstract (Swedish)
Abstract in Undetermined

Consciousness alterations can be experienced during unstructured, monotonous stimuli. These effects have not been linked to particular cognitive operations; individual differences in response to such stimulation remain poorly understood. We examined the role of hypnotizability and dissociative tendencies in mind-wandering (MW) during a sensory homogenization procedure (ganzfeld). We expected that the influence of ganzfeld on MW would be more pronounced among highly hypnotizable individuals (highs), particularly those high in dissociative tendencies. High and low hypnotizables, also stratified by dissociation, completed the sustained attention to response task during ganzfeld and control conditions.... (More)
Abstract in Undetermined

Consciousness alterations can be experienced during unstructured, monotonous stimuli. These effects have not been linked to particular cognitive operations; individual differences in response to such stimulation remain poorly understood. We examined the role of hypnotizability and dissociative tendencies in mind-wandering (MW) during a sensory homogenization procedure (ganzfeld). We expected that the influence of ganzfeld on MW would be more pronounced among highly hypnotizable individuals (highs), particularly those high in dissociative tendencies. High and low hypnotizables, also stratified by dissociation, completed the sustained attention to response task during ganzfeld and control conditions. High dissociative highs made more commission errors during ganzfeld, suggesting increased MW, whereas the other groups displayed the opposite pattern. Increases in commission errors from the control condition to ganzfeld were associated with more alterations in consciousness and negative affect, but only among highs. Sensory homogenization had opposite effects on MW depending on the interaction of hypnotizability and dissociation. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Mind-wandering, Ganzfeld, Hypnotizability, Dissociation, Altered states, of consciousness, SART, Executive control
in
Consciousness and Cognition
volume
21
issue
3
pages
1097 - 1108
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000308685600003
  • scopus:84865363277
ISSN
1090-2376
DOI
10.1016/j.concog.2012.04.002
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
756802c6-cb54-428c-9023-fb7d3a66cc16 (old id 2426341)
date added to LUP
2012-06-20 13:44:20
date last changed
2017-11-05 03:16:01
@article{756802c6-cb54-428c-9023-fb7d3a66cc16,
  abstract     = {<b>Abstract in Undetermined</b><br/><br>
Consciousness alterations can be experienced during unstructured, monotonous stimuli. These effects have not been linked to particular cognitive operations; individual differences in response to such stimulation remain poorly understood. We examined the role of hypnotizability and dissociative tendencies in mind-wandering (MW) during a sensory homogenization procedure (ganzfeld). We expected that the influence of ganzfeld on MW would be more pronounced among highly hypnotizable individuals (highs), particularly those high in dissociative tendencies. High and low hypnotizables, also stratified by dissociation, completed the sustained attention to response task during ganzfeld and control conditions. High dissociative highs made more commission errors during ganzfeld, suggesting increased MW, whereas the other groups displayed the opposite pattern. Increases in commission errors from the control condition to ganzfeld were associated with more alterations in consciousness and negative affect, but only among highs. Sensory homogenization had opposite effects on MW depending on the interaction of hypnotizability and dissociation.},
  author       = {Marcusson-Clavertz, David and Terhune, Devin and Cardeña, Etzel},
  issn         = {1090-2376},
  keyword      = {Mind-wandering,Ganzfeld,Hypnotizability,Dissociation,Altered states,of consciousness,SART,Executive control},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {1097--1108},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Consciousness and Cognition},
  title        = {Individual differences and state effects on mind-wandering: Hypnotizability, dissociation and sensory homogenization},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2012.04.002},
  volume       = {21},
  year         = {2012},
}