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Electrostriction in electro-viscoelastic polymers

Ask, Anna LU ; Menzel, Andreas LU and Ristinmaa, Matti LU (2012) In Mechanics of Materials 50. p.9-21
Abstract
Electrostrictive polyurethane (PU) elastomers belong to the class of materials commonly referred to as electroactive polymers (EAP). These materials have their use in a variety of applications, including biomimetics and microrobotics where traditional engineering components may fall short. PU is one of the materials considered for so called dielectric actuators, where the electromechanical response is generally due to Coulomb forces on the actuator electrodes, giving rise to a compressive pressure and thereby large deformations of the polymer. On the other hand, for more moderate electric fields, which may be more attractive in certain applications, a large part of the electroactive response for PU elastomers is due to inherent... (More)
Electrostrictive polyurethane (PU) elastomers belong to the class of materials commonly referred to as electroactive polymers (EAP). These materials have their use in a variety of applications, including biomimetics and microrobotics where traditional engineering components may fall short. PU is one of the materials considered for so called dielectric actuators, where the electromechanical response is generally due to Coulomb forces on the actuator electrodes, giving rise to a compressive pressure and thereby large deformations of the polymer. On the other hand, for more moderate electric fields, which may be more attractive in certain applications, a large part of the electroactive response for PU elastomers is due to inherent electrostriction. The latter phenomena is the focus of this work. As is common in elastomers, PU elastomers are viscoelastic. A coupled electro-viscoelastic phenomenological constitutive model for electrostrictive PU is proposed and fitted to experimental data available in the literature. The possibility of performing simulations of EAP is of interest as the number of applications grow. Considering this, the computational model is embedded in a coupled finite element formulation and, based on this, representative simulations of inhomogeneous boundary value problems are presented. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Electroelasticity, Viscoelasticity, Electroactive polymers, Polyurethane elastomers, Coupled problems
in
Mechanics of Materials
volume
50
pages
9 - 21
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000306248600002
  • scopus:84860634665
ISSN
0167-6636
DOI
10.1016/j.mechmat.2012.01.009
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1c774f40-388d-47e4-b860-c76fe46cda27 (old id 2426497)
date added to LUP
2012-03-26 12:27:55
date last changed
2017-11-19 04:16:14
@article{1c774f40-388d-47e4-b860-c76fe46cda27,
  abstract     = {Electrostrictive polyurethane (PU) elastomers belong to the class of materials commonly referred to as electroactive polymers (EAP). These materials have their use in a variety of applications, including biomimetics and microrobotics where traditional engineering components may fall short. PU is one of the materials considered for so called dielectric actuators, where the electromechanical response is generally due to Coulomb forces on the actuator electrodes, giving rise to a compressive pressure and thereby large deformations of the polymer. On the other hand, for more moderate electric fields, which may be more attractive in certain applications, a large part of the electroactive response for PU elastomers is due to inherent electrostriction. The latter phenomena is the focus of this work. As is common in elastomers, PU elastomers are viscoelastic. A coupled electro-viscoelastic phenomenological constitutive model for electrostrictive PU is proposed and fitted to experimental data available in the literature. The possibility of performing simulations of EAP is of interest as the number of applications grow. Considering this, the computational model is embedded in a coupled finite element formulation and, based on this, representative simulations of inhomogeneous boundary value problems are presented.},
  author       = {Ask, Anna and Menzel, Andreas and Ristinmaa, Matti},
  issn         = {0167-6636},
  keyword      = {Electroelasticity,Viscoelasticity,Electroactive polymers,Polyurethane elastomers,Coupled problems},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {9--21},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Mechanics of Materials},
  title        = {Electrostriction in electro-viscoelastic polymers},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mechmat.2012.01.009},
  volume       = {50},
  year         = {2012},
}