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Uncertain Futures - Adaptive capacities to climate variability and change in the Lake Victoria Basin

Gabrielsson, Sara LU (2012) In Lund Dissertations in Sustainability Science 3.
Abstract
The Lake Victoria basin (LVB) in East Africa can be considered a climate change hotspot because of its large rural population dependent on rain-fed farming. Drawing on extensive fieldwork (2007-2011) in rural communities along the shores of Lake Victoria in Kenya and Tanzania, I explore adaptive capacities to climate variability and change and discuss how they interrelate in situ. Using multiple methods, tools and techniques, including survey and rainfall data, individual and group interviews, interactive mapping of seasonal calendars and a multi-stakeholder workshop, I locate the place-based effects and responses to a number of converging climate induced stressors on smallholder farmers’ wellbeing and natural resources. Research findings... (More)
The Lake Victoria basin (LVB) in East Africa can be considered a climate change hotspot because of its large rural population dependent on rain-fed farming. Drawing on extensive fieldwork (2007-2011) in rural communities along the shores of Lake Victoria in Kenya and Tanzania, I explore adaptive capacities to climate variability and change and discuss how they interrelate in situ. Using multiple methods, tools and techniques, including survey and rainfall data, individual and group interviews, interactive mapping of seasonal calendars and a multi-stakeholder workshop, I locate the place-based effects and responses to a number of converging climate induced stressors on smallholder farmers’ wellbeing and natural resources. Research findings show that adaptive capacities to climate variability and change in the LVB are complex, dynamic and characterized by high location-specificity, thereby signifying the value of using an integrative and place-based approach to understand climate vulnerability. Specifically, the study demonstrates how increased unpredictability in rainfall causes chronic livelihood stress illustrated by recurring and worsening periods of food insecurity, growing cash dependency and heavy disease burdens. The study also reveals that food and income buffers increase when and where farmers, particularly women farmers, collectively respond to climate induced stressors through deliberate strategies rooted in a culture of saving and planning. Nevertheless, the study concludes that smallholders in the LVB are facing a highly uncertain future with discernible, yet differentiated adaptation deficits, due to chronic livelihood stress driven by unequal access to fundamental adaptive capacities such as land, health, cash and collective networks. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Professor Morton, John, University of Greenwich
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
adaptive capacities, climate vulnerability, collective action, Lake Victoria Basin, smallholder farmers, sustainable adaptation, sustainability science.
in
Lund Dissertations in Sustainability Science
volume
3
pages
164 pages
publisher
Lund University Centre for Sustainability Science
defense location
Världen, Geocentrum 1, Sölvegatan 10, Lund
defense date
2012-05-04 13:15
ISBN
978-91-7473-310-5
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
60c9ab7d-600e-4566-a12f-a4b02da59cba (old id 2438316)
date added to LUP
2012-04-12 08:14:40
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:12
@phdthesis{60c9ab7d-600e-4566-a12f-a4b02da59cba,
  abstract     = {The Lake Victoria basin (LVB) in East Africa can be considered a climate change hotspot because of its large rural population dependent on rain-fed farming. Drawing on extensive fieldwork (2007-2011) in rural communities along the shores of Lake Victoria in Kenya and Tanzania, I explore adaptive capacities to climate variability and change and discuss how they interrelate in situ. Using multiple methods, tools and techniques, including survey and rainfall data, individual and group interviews, interactive mapping of seasonal calendars and a multi-stakeholder workshop, I locate the place-based effects and responses to a number of converging climate induced stressors on smallholder farmers’ wellbeing and natural resources. Research findings show that adaptive capacities to climate variability and change in the LVB are complex, dynamic and characterized by high location-specificity, thereby signifying the value of using an integrative and place-based approach to understand climate vulnerability. Specifically, the study demonstrates how increased unpredictability in rainfall causes chronic livelihood stress illustrated by recurring and worsening periods of food insecurity, growing cash dependency and heavy disease burdens. The study also reveals that food and income buffers increase when and where farmers, particularly women farmers, collectively respond to climate induced stressors through deliberate strategies rooted in a culture of saving and planning. Nevertheless, the study concludes that smallholders in the LVB are facing a highly uncertain future with discernible, yet differentiated adaptation deficits, due to chronic livelihood stress driven by unequal access to fundamental adaptive capacities such as land, health, cash and collective networks.},
  author       = {Gabrielsson, Sara},
  isbn         = {978-91-7473-310-5},
  keyword      = {adaptive capacities,climate vulnerability,collective action,Lake Victoria Basin,smallholder farmers,sustainable adaptation,sustainability science.},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {164},
  publisher    = {Lund University Centre for Sustainability Science},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Lund Dissertations in Sustainability Science},
  title        = {Uncertain Futures - Adaptive capacities to climate variability and change in the Lake Victoria Basin},
  volume       = {3},
  year         = {2012},
}