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Exploring a pioneering bioenergy system: The case of Enkoping in Sweden

McCormick, Kes LU and Kåberger, Tomas LU (2005) In Journal of Cleaner Production 13(10-11). p.1003-1014
Abstract
In order to contribute to knowledge on how-to expand bioenergy this paper examines an example of success from Sweden. The idea is to identify factors that can explain the difference between success and failure of bioenergy systems. In the aftermath of the oil crises in the 1970s, the local government in the town of Enkoping in Sweden was cautioned by the local Swedish military regiment to shift towards domestic energy supplies rather than imported fossil fuels. During the decades that followed the local energy companies developed a pioneering bioenergy system. There are 3 important conditions relevant, to explain the success: (1) the introduction of the carbon tax in Sweden provided market conditions making bioenergy sufficiently... (More)
In order to contribute to knowledge on how-to expand bioenergy this paper examines an example of success from Sweden. The idea is to identify factors that can explain the difference between success and failure of bioenergy systems. In the aftermath of the oil crises in the 1970s, the local government in the town of Enkoping in Sweden was cautioned by the local Swedish military regiment to shift towards domestic energy supplies rather than imported fossil fuels. During the decades that followed the local energy companies developed a pioneering bioenergy system. There are 3 important conditions relevant, to explain the success: (1) the introduction of the carbon tax in Sweden provided market conditions making bioenergy sufficiently competitive with fossil fuels; (2) the know-how developed by the local energy companies through experimentation and collaboration with research institutions encouraged investments in local opportunities; and (3), the formation of partnerships in a regional network of actors, including private companies providing biofuels and technology, research institutions, and local government, helped to co-ordinate the development of the bioenergy system. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
renewable energy, innovation, sustainable development, bioenergy
in
Journal of Cleaner Production
volume
13
issue
10-11
pages
1003 - 1014
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000228788100005
  • scopus:14844363902
ISSN
0959-6526
DOI
10.1016/j.jclepro.2004.12.011
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3e12c65a-f3de-4670-9dd6-30a0002f4ed9 (old id 244382)
alternative location
http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jclepro
date added to LUP
2007-08-10 15:36:49
date last changed
2017-11-19 04:04:24
@article{3e12c65a-f3de-4670-9dd6-30a0002f4ed9,
  abstract     = {In order to contribute to knowledge on how-to expand bioenergy this paper examines an example of success from Sweden. The idea is to identify factors that can explain the difference between success and failure of bioenergy systems. In the aftermath of the oil crises in the 1970s, the local government in the town of Enkoping in Sweden was cautioned by the local Swedish military regiment to shift towards domestic energy supplies rather than imported fossil fuels. During the decades that followed the local energy companies developed a pioneering bioenergy system. There are 3 important conditions relevant, to explain the success: (1) the introduction of the carbon tax in Sweden provided market conditions making bioenergy sufficiently competitive with fossil fuels; (2) the know-how developed by the local energy companies through experimentation and collaboration with research institutions encouraged investments in local opportunities; and (3), the formation of partnerships in a regional network of actors, including private companies providing biofuels and technology, research institutions, and local government, helped to co-ordinate the development of the bioenergy system.},
  author       = {McCormick, Kes and Kåberger, Tomas},
  issn         = {0959-6526},
  keyword      = {renewable energy,innovation,sustainable development,bioenergy},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10-11},
  pages        = {1003--1014},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Cleaner Production},
  title        = {Exploring a pioneering bioenergy system: The case of Enkoping in Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2004.12.011},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2005},
}