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Gestaltningar av offererfarenheter: samtal med unga män som utsatts för brott

Burcar Alm, Veronika LU (2005) In Lund Dissertations in Sociology 68.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

I denna avhandling analyseras unga mäns vålds- och offerupplevelser. Studien bygger på olika typer av material men det mest centrala underlaget består av samtalsintervjuer med unga män som har blivit utsatta för misshandel eller rån. Sätten på vilka de unga männen talar om sig själva, förövaren, våld och offerskap utgör utgångspunkten för analysen. Inom ramen för samtalsintervjun hanterar männen "medlemskapet" i två skilda kategorier "unga män" och "brottsoffer". Brottsofferidentiteten och identiteten som ung man kan betraktas som motstridiga. De unga männen lyckas emellertid, på olika subtila sätt, presentera sig som båda delar; de får identiteterna att samverka. De unga männen i studien... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

I denna avhandling analyseras unga mäns vålds- och offerupplevelser. Studien bygger på olika typer av material men det mest centrala underlaget består av samtalsintervjuer med unga män som har blivit utsatta för misshandel eller rån. Sätten på vilka de unga männen talar om sig själva, förövaren, våld och offerskap utgör utgångspunkten för analysen. Inom ramen för samtalsintervjun hanterar männen "medlemskapet" i två skilda kategorier "unga män" och "brottsoffer". Brottsofferidentiteten och identiteten som ung man kan betraktas som motstridiga. De unga männen lyckas emellertid, på olika subtila sätt, presentera sig som båda delar; de får identiteterna att samverka. De unga männen i studien porträtterar sig själva som aktörer. Egen kompetens, kapacitet och kontroll framhävs medan gärningsmannen fråntas makt. Våld tonas ned och görs odramatiskt. Genom vad som benämns "manliga" skildringar motsätter sig männen en identitet som offer. De åberopar offerstatus men de presenterar sig inte i enlighet med en allmän bild av ett passivt, lidande och sårbart brottsoffer. Tvärtom får vi i studien möta ett särpräglat brottsoffer - ett brottsoffer som är aktivt, behärskat och handlingskraftigt. (Less)
Abstract
In this dissertation, young men's experiences of being victims of crime are analysed. Several kinds of material are considered in this study, but the primary data consist of informal, tape-recorded interviews with ten young men (17 to 21 year's old) who had been assaulted or mugged. Their accounts of their experiences are analysed using a number of constructionist, interactionist, and narrative perspectives. Identity is a central term in the dissertation, and is held to be something we do rather than something we have. The ways the young men talk about themselves, the perpetrators, the crime itself, and victimhood in general, form the core of the analysis. During the interviews, the young men managed their 'membership' of two diverse... (More)
In this dissertation, young men's experiences of being victims of crime are analysed. Several kinds of material are considered in this study, but the primary data consist of informal, tape-recorded interviews with ten young men (17 to 21 year's old) who had been assaulted or mugged. Their accounts of their experiences are analysed using a number of constructionist, interactionist, and narrative perspectives. Identity is a central term in the dissertation, and is held to be something we do rather than something we have. The ways the young men talk about themselves, the perpetrators, the crime itself, and victimhood in general, form the core of the analysis. During the interviews, the young men managed their 'membership' of two diverse categories 'young men' and 'victims'. Male identity and victim identity can be seen as conflicting, but the young men present themselves as both by using a more subtle approach; they construe the two identities in such a way as they can co-exist in a characteristic way. The young men formulate themselves in their narratives as active, not as passive. Their own competence and drive are emphasised, while the perpetrator's influence and importance are diminished. The violent event itself is played down. By use of what may be termed 'manly' descriptions, the men defy the usual criteria for victimhood. They claim victim status, but they do not see themselves in line with the standard image of the passive, suffering, and vulnerable victim. On the contrary, this study presents us with a distinctive crime victim, one who is strong, active, and resilient. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Professor Aronsson, Karin, Dept. of Child studies, Linköping University
organization
alternative title
Talking about violence: young men's victim narratives
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Samhällsvetenskaper, Social sciences, young men, violence, victim status, victimhood, vagueness, support, speech as action, robbery, rhetoric, pronoun, positioning, police, play down, narrative, masculinity, judiciary, identity, humour, crime victim, conversation, constructionism, competence, assault, actor, ambivalence, Criminology, Kriminologi, Sociology, Sociologi, Social psychology, Socialpsykologi
in
Lund Dissertations in Sociology
volume
68
pages
206 pages
publisher
Lund University, Dept. of Sociology, P.O. Box 114 SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden
defense location
Kulturens auditorium
defense date
2005-12-16 13:15
ISSN
1102-4712
ISBN
91-7267-207-2
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
c6ed8125-8d6e-4d59-a7af-7dc6f66a1982 (old id 24621)
date added to LUP
2007-06-01 07:53:12
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:59
@phdthesis{c6ed8125-8d6e-4d59-a7af-7dc6f66a1982,
  abstract     = {In this dissertation, young men's experiences of being victims of crime are analysed. Several kinds of material are considered in this study, but the primary data consist of informal, tape-recorded interviews with ten young men (17 to 21 year's old) who had been assaulted or mugged. Their accounts of their experiences are analysed using a number of constructionist, interactionist, and narrative perspectives. Identity is a central term in the dissertation, and is held to be something we do rather than something we have. The ways the young men talk about themselves, the perpetrators, the crime itself, and victimhood in general, form the core of the analysis. During the interviews, the young men managed their 'membership' of two diverse categories 'young men' and 'victims'. Male identity and victim identity can be seen as conflicting, but the young men present themselves as both by using a more subtle approach; they construe the two identities in such a way as they can co-exist in a characteristic way. The young men formulate themselves in their narratives as active, not as passive. Their own competence and drive are emphasised, while the perpetrator's influence and importance are diminished. The violent event itself is played down. By use of what may be termed 'manly' descriptions, the men defy the usual criteria for victimhood. They claim victim status, but they do not see themselves in line with the standard image of the passive, suffering, and vulnerable victim. On the contrary, this study presents us with a distinctive crime victim, one who is strong, active, and resilient.},
  author       = {Burcar Alm, Veronika},
  isbn         = {91-7267-207-2},
  issn         = {1102-4712},
  keyword      = {Samhällsvetenskaper,Social sciences,young men,violence,victim status,victimhood,vagueness,support,speech as action,robbery,rhetoric,pronoun,positioning,police,play down,narrative,masculinity,judiciary,identity,humour,crime victim,conversation,constructionism,competence,assault,actor,ambivalence,Criminology,Kriminologi,Sociology,Sociologi,Social psychology,Socialpsykologi},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {206},
  publisher    = {Lund University, Dept. of Sociology, P.O. Box 114 SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Lund Dissertations in Sociology},
  title        = {Gestaltningar av offererfarenheter: samtal med unga män som utsatts för brott},
  volume       = {68},
  year         = {2005},
}