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Exercise-induced rib stress fractures: influence of reduced bone mineral density

Vinther, Anders LU ; Kanstrup, IL; Christiansen, E; Alkjaer, T; Larsson, B; Magnusson, SP and Aagaard, P (2005) In Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 15(2). p.95-99
Abstract
Exercise-induced rib stress fractures have been reported frequently in elite rowers during the past decade. The etiology of rib stress fractures is unclear, but low bone mineral density (BMD) has been suggested to be a potential risk factor for stress fractures in weight-bearing bones. The present study investigated BMD in seven Danish national team rowers with previous rib stress fracture (RSF) and 7 controls (C) matched for gender, age, height, weight and training experience. Total body scan and specific scans of the lumbar spine (L2-L4), femoral neck and distal radius were performed using a DEXA scanner. The RSF subjects showed significantly lower L2-L4 BMD: RSF: 1.22 +/- 0.05 g cm(-2) (mean +/- SEM) (median 1.19 g cm(-2), range... (More)
Exercise-induced rib stress fractures have been reported frequently in elite rowers during the past decade. The etiology of rib stress fractures is unclear, but low bone mineral density (BMD) has been suggested to be a potential risk factor for stress fractures in weight-bearing bones. The present study investigated BMD in seven Danish national team rowers with previous rib stress fracture (RSF) and 7 controls (C) matched for gender, age, height, weight and training experience. Total body scan and specific scans of the lumbar spine (L2-L4), femoral neck and distal radius were performed using a DEXA scanner. The RSF subjects showed significantly lower L2-L4 BMD: RSF: 1.22 +/- 0.05 g cm(-2) (mean +/- SEM) (median 1.19 g cm(-2), range 1.02-1.37 g cm(-2)) compared to C: 140 +/- 0.04 g cm(-2) (median 1.41 g cm(-2), range 1.27-1.57 g cm(-2)) (P=0.028).The present results suggest that low bone mineral density may be a potential risk factor for the development of exercise-induced rib stress fractures in elite rowers. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
incidence, body fat, lean body mass
in
Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
volume
15
issue
2
pages
95 - 99
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000227776100005
  • pmid:15773863
  • scopus:17144388983
ISSN
1600-0838
DOI
10.1111/j.1600-0838.2004.00400.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
98da895d-c1a0-417a-a8fa-d2c96b4cb07b (old id 247312)
date added to LUP
2007-08-13 10:44:03
date last changed
2017-04-16 04:12:35
@article{98da895d-c1a0-417a-a8fa-d2c96b4cb07b,
  abstract     = {Exercise-induced rib stress fractures have been reported frequently in elite rowers during the past decade. The etiology of rib stress fractures is unclear, but low bone mineral density (BMD) has been suggested to be a potential risk factor for stress fractures in weight-bearing bones. The present study investigated BMD in seven Danish national team rowers with previous rib stress fracture (RSF) and 7 controls (C) matched for gender, age, height, weight and training experience. Total body scan and specific scans of the lumbar spine (L2-L4), femoral neck and distal radius were performed using a DEXA scanner. The RSF subjects showed significantly lower L2-L4 BMD: RSF: 1.22 +/- 0.05 g cm(-2) (mean +/- SEM) (median 1.19 g cm(-2), range 1.02-1.37 g cm(-2)) compared to C: 140 +/- 0.04 g cm(-2) (median 1.41 g cm(-2), range 1.27-1.57 g cm(-2)) (P=0.028).The present results suggest that low bone mineral density may be a potential risk factor for the development of exercise-induced rib stress fractures in elite rowers.},
  author       = {Vinther, Anders and Kanstrup, IL and Christiansen, E and Alkjaer, T and Larsson, B and Magnusson, SP and Aagaard, P},
  issn         = {1600-0838},
  keyword      = {incidence,body fat,lean body mass},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {95--99},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports},
  title        = {Exercise-induced rib stress fractures: influence of reduced bone mineral density},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2004.00400.x},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2005},
}