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Inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 augments insulin secretion in response to exogenously administered glucagon-like peptide-1, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide, pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide, and gastrin-releasing peptide in mice

Ahrén, Bo LU and Hughes, TE (2005) In Endocrinology 146(4). p.2055-2059
Abstract
Inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase- 4 ( DPP- 4) is currently being explored as a new approach to the treatment of type 2 diabetes. This concept has emerged from the powerful and rapid action of the enzyme to inactivate glucagon- like peptide-1 ( GLP- 1). However, other bioactive peptides with potential influence of islet function are also substrates of DPP- 4. Whether this inactivation may add to the beneficial effects of DPP- 4 inhibition is not known. In this study, we explored whether DPP- 4 inhibition by valine- pyrrolidide ( val- pyr; 100 mu mol/ kg administered through gastric gavage at t = -30 min) affects the insulin and glucose responses to iv glucose ( 1 g/ kg) together with GLP- 1 ( 10 nmol/ kg), glucose- dependent... (More)
Inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase- 4 ( DPP- 4) is currently being explored as a new approach to the treatment of type 2 diabetes. This concept has emerged from the powerful and rapid action of the enzyme to inactivate glucagon- like peptide-1 ( GLP- 1). However, other bioactive peptides with potential influence of islet function are also substrates of DPP- 4. Whether this inactivation may add to the beneficial effects of DPP- 4 inhibition is not known. In this study, we explored whether DPP- 4 inhibition by valine- pyrrolidide ( val- pyr; 100 mu mol/ kg administered through gastric gavage at t = -30 min) affects the insulin and glucose responses to iv glucose ( 1 g/ kg) together with GLP- 1 ( 10 nmol/ kg), glucose- dependent insulinotropic polypeptide ( GIP; 10 nmol/ kg), pituitary adenylate cyclase- activating polypeptide 38 ( PACAP38; 1.3 nmol/ kg), or gastrin- releasing peptide ( GRP; 20 nmol/ kg) given at t = 0 in anesthetized C57BL/ 6J mice. It was found that the acute ( 1 - 5 min) insulin response to GLP- 1 was augmented by val- pyr by 80% ( 4.2 +/- 0.4 vs. 7.6 +/- 0.8 nmol/ liter), that to GIP by 40% ( 2.7 +/- 0.3 vs. 3.8 +/- 0.4 nmol/ liter), that to PACAP38 by 75% ( 4.6 +/- 0.5 vs. 8.1 +/- 0.6 nmol/ liter), and that to GRP by 25% ( 1.8 +/- 0.2 vs. 2.3 +/- 0.3 nmol/ liter; all P < 0.05 or less). This was associated with enhanced glucose elimination rate after GLP- 1 [ glucose elimination constant ( K-G) 2.1 +/- 0.2 vs. 3.1 +/- 0.3%/ min] and PACAP38 ( 2.1 +/- 0.3 vs. 3.2 +/- 0.3%/ min; both P < 0.01), but not after GIP or GRP. The augmented insulin response to GRP by val- pyr was prevented by the GLP- 1 receptor antagonist, exendin(3) ( 9- 39), raising the possibility that GRP effects may occur secondary to stimulation of GLP- 1 secretion. We conclude that DPP- 4 inhibition augments the insulin response not only to GLP- 1 but also to GIP, PACAP38, and GRP. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Endocrinology
volume
146
issue
4
pages
2055 - 2059
publisher
Endocrine Society
external identifiers
  • pmid:15604213
  • wos:000227667400047
  • scopus:15444372531
ISSN
0013-7227
DOI
10.1210/en.2004-1174
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
73f05cf7-f8ed-417b-bede-f1c390f0e1f0 (old id 249044)
alternative location
http://endo.endojournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/146/4/2055
date added to LUP
2007-08-14 16:10:54
date last changed
2017-01-08 03:45:10
@article{73f05cf7-f8ed-417b-bede-f1c390f0e1f0,
  abstract     = {Inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase- 4 ( DPP- 4) is currently being explored as a new approach to the treatment of type 2 diabetes. This concept has emerged from the powerful and rapid action of the enzyme to inactivate glucagon- like peptide-1 ( GLP- 1). However, other bioactive peptides with potential influence of islet function are also substrates of DPP- 4. Whether this inactivation may add to the beneficial effects of DPP- 4 inhibition is not known. In this study, we explored whether DPP- 4 inhibition by valine- pyrrolidide ( val- pyr; 100 mu mol/ kg administered through gastric gavage at t = -30 min) affects the insulin and glucose responses to iv glucose ( 1 g/ kg) together with GLP- 1 ( 10 nmol/ kg), glucose- dependent insulinotropic polypeptide ( GIP; 10 nmol/ kg), pituitary adenylate cyclase- activating polypeptide 38 ( PACAP38; 1.3 nmol/ kg), or gastrin- releasing peptide ( GRP; 20 nmol/ kg) given at t = 0 in anesthetized C57BL/ 6J mice. It was found that the acute ( 1 - 5 min) insulin response to GLP- 1 was augmented by val- pyr by 80% ( 4.2 +/- 0.4 vs. 7.6 +/- 0.8 nmol/ liter), that to GIP by 40% ( 2.7 +/- 0.3 vs. 3.8 +/- 0.4 nmol/ liter), that to PACAP38 by 75% ( 4.6 +/- 0.5 vs. 8.1 +/- 0.6 nmol/ liter), and that to GRP by 25% ( 1.8 +/- 0.2 vs. 2.3 +/- 0.3 nmol/ liter; all P &lt; 0.05 or less). This was associated with enhanced glucose elimination rate after GLP- 1 [ glucose elimination constant ( K-G) 2.1 +/- 0.2 vs. 3.1 +/- 0.3%/ min] and PACAP38 ( 2.1 +/- 0.3 vs. 3.2 +/- 0.3%/ min; both P &lt; 0.01), but not after GIP or GRP. The augmented insulin response to GRP by val- pyr was prevented by the GLP- 1 receptor antagonist, exendin(3) ( 9- 39), raising the possibility that GRP effects may occur secondary to stimulation of GLP- 1 secretion. We conclude that DPP- 4 inhibition augments the insulin response not only to GLP- 1 but also to GIP, PACAP38, and GRP.},
  author       = {Ahrén, Bo and Hughes, TE},
  issn         = {0013-7227},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {2055--2059},
  publisher    = {Endocrine Society},
  series       = {Endocrinology},
  title        = {Inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 augments insulin secretion in response to exogenously administered glucagon-like peptide-1, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide, pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide, and gastrin-releasing peptide in mice},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/en.2004-1174},
  volume       = {146},
  year         = {2005},
}