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Cerebrospinal Fluid Profiles of Amyloid beta-Related Biomarkers in Alzheimer's Disease

Rosen, Christoffer; Andreasson, Ulf; Mattsson, Niklas; Marcusson, Jan; Minthon, Lennart LU ; Andreasen, Niels; Blennow, Kaj and Zetterberg, Henrik (2012) In NeuroMolecular Medicine 14(1). p.65-73
Abstract
The amyloid cascade hypothesis on the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) states that amyloid beta (A beta) accumulation in the brain is a key factor that initiates the neurodegenerative process. A beta is generated from amyloid precursor protein (APP) through sequential cleavages by BACE1 (the major beta-secretase in the brain) and gamma-secretase. The purpose of this study was to characterize APP metabolism in vivo in AD patients versus cognitively healthy subjects by examining alterations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers. We measured BACE1 activity and concentrations of alpha- and beta-cleaved soluble APP (sAPP alpha and sAPP beta, respectively) and A beta 40 in CSF, biomarkers that all reflect the metabolism of APP, in 75... (More)
The amyloid cascade hypothesis on the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) states that amyloid beta (A beta) accumulation in the brain is a key factor that initiates the neurodegenerative process. A beta is generated from amyloid precursor protein (APP) through sequential cleavages by BACE1 (the major beta-secretase in the brain) and gamma-secretase. The purpose of this study was to characterize APP metabolism in vivo in AD patients versus cognitively healthy subjects by examining alterations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers. We measured BACE1 activity and concentrations of alpha- and beta-cleaved soluble APP (sAPP alpha and sAPP beta, respectively) and A beta 40 in CSF, biomarkers that all reflect the metabolism of APP, in 75 AD patients and 65 cognitively healthy controls. These analytes were also applied in a multivariate model to determine whether they provided any added diagnostic value to the core CSF AD biomarkers A beta 42, T-tau, and P-tau. We found no significant differences in BACE1 activity or sAPP alpha, sAPP beta, and A beta 40 concentrations between AD patients and controls. A multivariate model created with all analytes did not improve the separation of AD patients from controls compared with using the core AD biomarkers alone, highlighting the strong diagnostic performance of A beta 42, T-tau, and P-tau for AD. However, AD patients in advanced clinical stage, as determined by low MMSE score (a parts per thousand currency sign20), had lower BACE1 activity and sAPP alpha, sAPP beta, and A beta 40 concentrations than patients with higher MMSE score, suggesting that these markers may be related to the severity of the disease. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
BACE1, Cerebrospinal fluid, Alzheimer, APP, Biomarkers, Amyloid beta
in
NeuroMolecular Medicine
volume
14
issue
1
pages
65 - 73
publisher
Humana Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000301589200006
  • scopus:84857995781
ISSN
1535-1084
DOI
10.1007/s12017-012-8171-4
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0b82718e-0ac0-479a-ade1-0b3ca2c582cd (old id 2515740)
date added to LUP
2012-05-07 08:15:41
date last changed
2017-09-17 04:10:09
@article{0b82718e-0ac0-479a-ade1-0b3ca2c582cd,
  abstract     = {The amyloid cascade hypothesis on the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) states that amyloid beta (A beta) accumulation in the brain is a key factor that initiates the neurodegenerative process. A beta is generated from amyloid precursor protein (APP) through sequential cleavages by BACE1 (the major beta-secretase in the brain) and gamma-secretase. The purpose of this study was to characterize APP metabolism in vivo in AD patients versus cognitively healthy subjects by examining alterations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers. We measured BACE1 activity and concentrations of alpha- and beta-cleaved soluble APP (sAPP alpha and sAPP beta, respectively) and A beta 40 in CSF, biomarkers that all reflect the metabolism of APP, in 75 AD patients and 65 cognitively healthy controls. These analytes were also applied in a multivariate model to determine whether they provided any added diagnostic value to the core CSF AD biomarkers A beta 42, T-tau, and P-tau. We found no significant differences in BACE1 activity or sAPP alpha, sAPP beta, and A beta 40 concentrations between AD patients and controls. A multivariate model created with all analytes did not improve the separation of AD patients from controls compared with using the core AD biomarkers alone, highlighting the strong diagnostic performance of A beta 42, T-tau, and P-tau for AD. However, AD patients in advanced clinical stage, as determined by low MMSE score (a parts per thousand currency sign20), had lower BACE1 activity and sAPP alpha, sAPP beta, and A beta 40 concentrations than patients with higher MMSE score, suggesting that these markers may be related to the severity of the disease.},
  author       = {Rosen, Christoffer and Andreasson, Ulf and Mattsson, Niklas and Marcusson, Jan and Minthon, Lennart and Andreasen, Niels and Blennow, Kaj and Zetterberg, Henrik},
  issn         = {1535-1084},
  keyword      = {BACE1,Cerebrospinal fluid,Alzheimer,APP,Biomarkers,Amyloid beta},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {65--73},
  publisher    = {Humana Press},
  series       = {NeuroMolecular Medicine},
  title        = {Cerebrospinal Fluid Profiles of Amyloid beta-Related Biomarkers in Alzheimer's Disease},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12017-012-8171-4},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2012},
}