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Heavy metal concentrations in European mosses: 2000/2001 survey

Harmens, H; Buse, A; Buker, P; Norris, D; Mills, G; Williams, B; Reynolds, B; Ashenden, TW; Rühling, Åke LU and Steinnes, E (2004) In Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry 49(1-3). p.425-436
Abstract
The heavy metals in mosses survey was originally established in 1980 as a joint Danish-Swedish initiative under the leadership of Angstromke Ruhling, Sweden and has, since then, been repeated at five-yearly intervals with an increasing number of countries and individuals participating. Twenty-eight European countries, almost 7000 sites and about 100 individuals have been involved in the most recent survey in 2000/2001. The survey provides data on concentrations of 10 heavy metals (arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, iron, lead, mercury, nickel, vanadium, zinc) in naturally growing mosses throughout Europe. The technique of moss analysis provides a surrogate measure of the spatial patterns of heavy metal deposition from the atmosphere to... (More)
The heavy metals in mosses survey was originally established in 1980 as a joint Danish-Swedish initiative under the leadership of Angstromke Ruhling, Sweden and has, since then, been repeated at five-yearly intervals with an increasing number of countries and individuals participating. Twenty-eight European countries, almost 7000 sites and about 100 individuals have been involved in the most recent survey in 2000/2001. The survey provides data on concentrations of 10 heavy metals (arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, iron, lead, mercury, nickel, vanadium, zinc) in naturally growing mosses throughout Europe. The technique of moss analysis provides a surrogate measure of the spatial patterns of heavy metal deposition from the atmosphere to terrestrial systems, and is easier and cheaper than conventional precipitation analysis. The aims of the survey are to determine patterns of variation in the heavy metal concentration of mosses across Europe, identify the main polluted areas, produce regional maps and further develop the understanding of long-range transboundary pollution. As in previous surveys, there was an east/west decrease in heavy metal concentrations in mosses, related in particular to industrial emissions. Former industrial sites and historic mines accounted for the location of some high concentrations in areas without contemporary industries. Long-range transboundary transport appears to account for elevated concentrations of heavy metals in areas without emission sources, such as lead in southern Scandinavia (presumably from emission sources elsewhere in Europe). (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
mosses, pollution, long-range transboundary air, atmospheric deposition, heavy metals, trace elements
in
Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry
volume
49
issue
1-3
pages
425 - 436
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000226518200034
  • scopus:20144383243
ISSN
0167-7764
DOI
10.1007/s10874-004-1257-0
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
92ef5a28-06c4-4dff-9e74-e0fcefa2f2d8 (old id 254840)
date added to LUP
2007-10-10 07:18:11
date last changed
2017-07-30 04:35:44
@article{92ef5a28-06c4-4dff-9e74-e0fcefa2f2d8,
  abstract     = {The heavy metals in mosses survey was originally established in 1980 as a joint Danish-Swedish initiative under the leadership of Angstromke Ruhling, Sweden and has, since then, been repeated at five-yearly intervals with an increasing number of countries and individuals participating. Twenty-eight European countries, almost 7000 sites and about 100 individuals have been involved in the most recent survey in 2000/2001. The survey provides data on concentrations of 10 heavy metals (arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, iron, lead, mercury, nickel, vanadium, zinc) in naturally growing mosses throughout Europe. The technique of moss analysis provides a surrogate measure of the spatial patterns of heavy metal deposition from the atmosphere to terrestrial systems, and is easier and cheaper than conventional precipitation analysis. The aims of the survey are to determine patterns of variation in the heavy metal concentration of mosses across Europe, identify the main polluted areas, produce regional maps and further develop the understanding of long-range transboundary pollution. As in previous surveys, there was an east/west decrease in heavy metal concentrations in mosses, related in particular to industrial emissions. Former industrial sites and historic mines accounted for the location of some high concentrations in areas without contemporary industries. Long-range transboundary transport appears to account for elevated concentrations of heavy metals in areas without emission sources, such as lead in southern Scandinavia (presumably from emission sources elsewhere in Europe).},
  author       = {Harmens, H and Buse, A and Buker, P and Norris, D and Mills, G and Williams, B and Reynolds, B and Ashenden, TW and Rühling, Åke and Steinnes, E},
  issn         = {0167-7764},
  keyword      = {mosses,pollution,long-range transboundary air,atmospheric deposition,heavy metals,trace elements},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-3},
  pages        = {425--436},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry},
  title        = {Heavy metal concentrations in European mosses: 2000/2001 survey},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10874-004-1257-0},
  volume       = {49},
  year         = {2004},
}