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Long-term effects of daily physical education throughout compulsory school on duration of physical activity in young adulthood : An 11-year prospective controlled study

Lahti, Amanda LU ; Rosengren, Björn E. LU ; Nilsson, Jan Åke LU ; Karlsson, Caroline LU and Karlsson, Magnus K. LU (2018) In BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine 4(1).
Abstract

Objectives We examined whether daily physical activity (PA) during compulsory school encourages children to be more physically active during the intervention and 4 years after termination of the programme. Methods This prospective controlled intervention study followed the same 124 children (81 children in an intervention group and 43 controls) aged 7.7±0.6 (mean±SD) during a 7-year PA intervention and 4 years after the intervention when the children were 18.7±0.3 years old. The intervention included daily school physical education (PE) (200 min/week), whereas the controls continued with the Swedish standard of 60 min/week. Using a questionnaire, we gathered data about total PA, leisure time PA and sedentary activities (SA). Group... (More)

Objectives We examined whether daily physical activity (PA) during compulsory school encourages children to be more physically active during the intervention and 4 years after termination of the programme. Methods This prospective controlled intervention study followed the same 124 children (81 children in an intervention group and 43 controls) aged 7.7±0.6 (mean±SD) during a 7-year PA intervention and 4 years after the intervention when the children were 18.7±0.3 years old. The intervention included daily school physical education (PE) (200 min/week), whereas the controls continued with the Swedish standard of 60 min/week. Using a questionnaire, we gathered data about total PA, leisure time PA and sedentary activities (SA). Group comparisons are adjusted for age and gender, and data are provided as means with 95% CIs. Results At baseline, we found similar duration of PA and SA between groups. After a mean of 7 years with intervention, the intervention group was more physically active than the controls (+4.5 (2.9 to 6.0) hours/week), whereas SA was similar (+0.6 (-2.5 to 3.9) hours/week). Four years beyond the intervention, the intervention group was still more physically active than the controls (2.7 (0.8 to 4.7) hours/week), and SA was still similar (-3.9 (-9.7 to 1.7) hours/week). Conclusions Intervention with daily school PE throughout compulsory school is associated with higher duration of PA not only during the intervention but also 4 years after termination of the programme.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
children, physical activity, physical education, sedentary activity
in
BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine
volume
4
issue
1
publisher
BMJ Publishing Group
external identifiers
  • scopus:85050397225
ISSN
2055-7647
DOI
10.1136/bmjsem-2018-000360
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
254e9458-b53d-40af-a15a-d1a8919a6f64
date added to LUP
2018-09-03 15:41:15
date last changed
2019-02-20 11:25:42
@article{254e9458-b53d-40af-a15a-d1a8919a6f64,
  abstract     = {<p>Objectives We examined whether daily physical activity (PA) during compulsory school encourages children to be more physically active during the intervention and 4 years after termination of the programme. Methods This prospective controlled intervention study followed the same 124 children (81 children in an intervention group and 43 controls) aged 7.7±0.6 (mean±SD) during a 7-year PA intervention and 4 years after the intervention when the children were 18.7±0.3 years old. The intervention included daily school physical education (PE) (200 min/week), whereas the controls continued with the Swedish standard of 60 min/week. Using a questionnaire, we gathered data about total PA, leisure time PA and sedentary activities (SA). Group comparisons are adjusted for age and gender, and data are provided as means with 95% CIs. Results At baseline, we found similar duration of PA and SA between groups. After a mean of 7 years with intervention, the intervention group was more physically active than the controls (+4.5 (2.9 to 6.0) hours/week), whereas SA was similar (+0.6 (-2.5 to 3.9) hours/week). Four years beyond the intervention, the intervention group was still more physically active than the controls (2.7 (0.8 to 4.7) hours/week), and SA was still similar (-3.9 (-9.7 to 1.7) hours/week). Conclusions Intervention with daily school PE throughout compulsory school is associated with higher duration of PA not only during the intervention but also 4 years after termination of the programme.</p>},
  articleno    = {e000360},
  author       = {Lahti, Amanda and Rosengren, Björn E. and Nilsson, Jan Åke and Karlsson, Caroline and Karlsson, Magnus K.},
  issn         = {2055-7647},
  keyword      = {children,physical activity,physical education,sedentary activity},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {07},
  number       = {1},
  publisher    = {BMJ Publishing Group},
  series       = {BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine},
  title        = {Long-term effects of daily physical education throughout compulsory school on duration of physical activity in young adulthood : An 11-year prospective controlled study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2018-000360},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2018},
}