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A comparative study found that a seven-year school-based exercise programme increased physical activity levels in both sexes

Cronholm, Felix LU ; Rosengren, Björn E. LU ; Karlsson, Caroline LU and Karlsson, Magnus K. LU (2017) In Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Abstract

Aim: This study assessed whether a Swedish school-based exercise intervention programme could increase total physical activity. Methods: We followed up 228 children who started school in 1998-2000 seven years later, when they had reached a mean age of 14.8. The 152 children (59% boys) at the intervention school did 200 minutes of physical education per week during that period, and the 76 children (50% boys) in the three control schools did the standard 60 minutes. Questionnaires assessed the durations of total and leisure-time physical activity and screen-time activity at baseline and after five and seven years. Results: Physical activity and screen-time activity were similar between the two groups before the study started. The... (More)

Aim: This study assessed whether a Swedish school-based exercise intervention programme could increase total physical activity. Methods: We followed up 228 children who started school in 1998-2000 seven years later, when they had reached a mean age of 14.8. The 152 children (59% boys) at the intervention school did 200 minutes of physical education per week during that period, and the 76 children (50% boys) in the three control schools did the standard 60 minutes. Questionnaires assessed the durations of total and leisure-time physical activity and screen-time activity at baseline and after five and seven years. Results: Physical activity and screen-time activity were similar between the two groups before the study started. The intervention group then achieved higher durations of total physical activity than the controls (p < 0.001) and these levels remained in the sex-specific evaluations. There were no differences between the groups in the durations of leisure-time activity (p 0.08-0.77) or screen-time activity (p 0.31-0.91). Conclusion: A school-based exercise intervention programme increased the total duration of physical activity in both sexes without any compensatory increase in screen-time activity. The findings contradict the activity-stat theory, which stated that the duration of physical activity in children is constant.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Children, Exercise, Intervention, Physical education, School
in
Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd
external identifiers
  • scopus:85038848308
ISSN
0803-5253
DOI
10.1111/apa.14172
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2645daf9-f2ad-489f-ab2b-6314923cfe12
date added to LUP
2018-01-10 16:02:03
date last changed
2018-01-11 03:00:03
@article{2645daf9-f2ad-489f-ab2b-6314923cfe12,
  abstract     = {<p>Aim: This study assessed whether a Swedish school-based exercise intervention programme could increase total physical activity. Methods: We followed up 228 children who started school in 1998-2000 seven years later, when they had reached a mean age of 14.8. The 152 children (59% boys) at the intervention school did 200 minutes of physical education per week during that period, and the 76 children (50% boys) in the three control schools did the standard 60 minutes. Questionnaires assessed the durations of total and leisure-time physical activity and screen-time activity at baseline and after five and seven years. Results: Physical activity and screen-time activity were similar between the two groups before the study started. The intervention group then achieved higher durations of total physical activity than the controls (p &lt; 0.001) and these levels remained in the sex-specific evaluations. There were no differences between the groups in the durations of leisure-time activity (p 0.08-0.77) or screen-time activity (p 0.31-0.91). Conclusion: A school-based exercise intervention programme increased the total duration of physical activity in both sexes without any compensatory increase in screen-time activity. The findings contradict the activity-stat theory, which stated that the duration of physical activity in children is constant.</p>},
  author       = {Cronholm, Felix and Rosengren, Björn E. and Karlsson, Caroline and Karlsson, Magnus K.},
  issn         = {0803-5253},
  keyword      = {Children,Exercise,Intervention,Physical education,School},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd},
  series       = {Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics},
  title        = {A comparative study found that a seven-year school-based exercise programme increased physical activity levels in both sexes},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.14172},
  year         = {2017},
}