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Muslim Rights and Plights. The Religious Liberty Situation of a Minority in Sweden

Alwall, Jonas LU (1998) In Studia Theologica Lundensia 53.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Syftet med avhandlingen är att presentera en sociologisk analys av en "religionsfrihetssituation". Den grupp som särskilt berörs i avhandlingen är den invandrarde muslimska minoriteten i Sverige, en grupp som har vuxit avsevärt under de senaste decennierna. Muslimerna har invandrat till ett samhälle som länge präglades av religiös enhet, men som idag har utvecklats till ett religiöst pluralistiskt samhälle. Denna utveckling har inneburit viktiga politiska förändringar, både med avseende på religionsfrihetens innebörd och ställning och relationen mellan stat och kyrka. Dagens utmaningar för religionsfriheten handlar främst om närvaron av invandrade religiösa minoriteter som är nya för samhället.... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Syftet med avhandlingen är att presentera en sociologisk analys av en "religionsfrihetssituation". Den grupp som särskilt berörs i avhandlingen är den invandrarde muslimska minoriteten i Sverige, en grupp som har vuxit avsevärt under de senaste decennierna. Muslimerna har invandrat till ett samhälle som länge präglades av religiös enhet, men som idag har utvecklats till ett religiöst pluralistiskt samhälle. Denna utveckling har inneburit viktiga politiska förändringar, både med avseende på religionsfrihetens innebörd och ställning och relationen mellan stat och kyrka. Dagens utmaningar för religionsfriheten handlar främst om närvaron av invandrade religiösa minoriteter som är nya för samhället. De muslimska invandrarnas möte med det svenska samhället har innefattat ett antal problem och konfliktområden. En del av problemen har rört organisatioriska, institutionella och ekonomiska fråor, skol- och utbildninsfrågor, liksom vissa aspekter av rätten till fri religionsutövning. Även om flera problem återstår kan undersökningen peka på flera områden där en positiv utveckling av den muslimska religionsfrihetssituationen har ägt rum. (Less)
Abstract
This dissertation deals with the religious liberty situation of the Muslim minority in Sweden. The Muslim minority has grown considerably in recent decades as a consequence of labour and refugee immigration of a large scale, which has caused a change in Swedish society from an etnically, culturally and religously homogeneous situation to one of a significant heterogeneity. Sweden's way from unity to multiculturalism has been bordered with difficult political considerations. The present trend towards a policy of integration is seen as a positive feature in the debate, although it is argued that to be successful, integration must be a matter of mutual adjustment, i.e., a process in which both the minorities and the majority society must take... (More)
This dissertation deals with the religious liberty situation of the Muslim minority in Sweden. The Muslim minority has grown considerably in recent decades as a consequence of labour and refugee immigration of a large scale, which has caused a change in Swedish society from an etnically, culturally and religously homogeneous situation to one of a significant heterogeneity. Sweden's way from unity to multiculturalism has been bordered with difficult political considerations. The present trend towards a policy of integration is seen as a positive feature in the debate, although it is argued that to be successful, integration must be a matter of mutual adjustment, i.e., a process in which both the minorities and the majority society must take active part.



During the last three centuries, Sweden has moved from religious unity to religious pluralism. This transition has been followed by shifts in religious liberty policy. From having been a country virtually void of religious liberty, Sweden shows today a far-reaching protection of religious rights. Historical processes which have been particularly conducive to this shift are immigration, religious revivalism, secularization and - as a consequence of these processes - a gradual severing of church-state ties. Today, the greatest challenges to religious liberty come from the presence of immigrant religious minorities which are new to Swedish society, and which it to some extent still finds it difficult to deal with.



In the dissertation, the issue of religious liberty is discussed from the perspectives of human rights and minority rights discourse, Christian theology, political philosophy and sociology (particularly sociology of religion). In the latter context, the concept of "religious culture" is introduced as a means to analyze different opinions and attitudes regarding religious liberty. The presentation also covers Islamic perspectives on religious liberty and human rights in general, as well as accounts of Muslim religious liberty situations in five West-European countries: Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. These countries (and their respective religious liberty situations) display certain resemblances, but also significant differences.



The Muslim immigrants' encounters with Swedish society have included several problems and areas of conflict. Some of the problems have concerned organizational, institutional and financial matters, matters of education and aspects of the right to religious observance. Alhough several of the perceived prolems remain, important advances in the Muslim religious liberty situation are shown to have occurred in recent years. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Prof. Nygren, Rolf, Uppsala
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Theology, Religious Culture, Religious Minorities, Muslims, Islam, Integration, Immigrant Policy, Immigration, Minority Rights, Religious liberty, Human Rights, Teologi, Non-Christian religions, Världsreligioner (ej kristendom)
in
Studia Theologica Lundensia
volume
53
pages
270 pages
publisher
Lund University Press
defense location
Carolinasalen, Lundagårdshuset, Lund
defense date
1998-03-06 10:15
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN: LUREDN/RERS-1997/1006-SE+270
ISSN
0491-2853
ISBN
91-7966-514-4
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
cc3b807e-3349-4bb4-9054-bb2ec9d9813b (old id 27670)
date added to LUP
2007-06-07 14:47:33
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:56
@phdthesis{cc3b807e-3349-4bb4-9054-bb2ec9d9813b,
  abstract     = {This dissertation deals with the religious liberty situation of the Muslim minority in Sweden. The Muslim minority has grown considerably in recent decades as a consequence of labour and refugee immigration of a large scale, which has caused a change in Swedish society from an etnically, culturally and religously homogeneous situation to one of a significant heterogeneity. Sweden's way from unity to multiculturalism has been bordered with difficult political considerations. The present trend towards a policy of integration is seen as a positive feature in the debate, although it is argued that to be successful, integration must be a matter of mutual adjustment, i.e., a process in which both the minorities and the majority society must take active part.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
During the last three centuries, Sweden has moved from religious unity to religious pluralism. This transition has been followed by shifts in religious liberty policy. From having been a country virtually void of religious liberty, Sweden shows today a far-reaching protection of religious rights. Historical processes which have been particularly conducive to this shift are immigration, religious revivalism, secularization and - as a consequence of these processes - a gradual severing of church-state ties. Today, the greatest challenges to religious liberty come from the presence of immigrant religious minorities which are new to Swedish society, and which it to some extent still finds it difficult to deal with.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
In the dissertation, the issue of religious liberty is discussed from the perspectives of human rights and minority rights discourse, Christian theology, political philosophy and sociology (particularly sociology of religion). In the latter context, the concept of "religious culture" is introduced as a means to analyze different opinions and attitudes regarding religious liberty. The presentation also covers Islamic perspectives on religious liberty and human rights in general, as well as accounts of Muslim religious liberty situations in five West-European countries: Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. These countries (and their respective religious liberty situations) display certain resemblances, but also significant differences.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The Muslim immigrants' encounters with Swedish society have included several problems and areas of conflict. Some of the problems have concerned organizational, institutional and financial matters, matters of education and aspects of the right to religious observance. Alhough several of the perceived prolems remain, important advances in the Muslim religious liberty situation are shown to have occurred in recent years.},
  author       = {Alwall, Jonas},
  isbn         = {91-7966-514-4},
  issn         = {0491-2853},
  keyword      = {Theology,Religious Culture,Religious Minorities,Muslims,Islam,Integration,Immigrant Policy,Immigration,Minority Rights,Religious liberty,Human Rights,Teologi,Non-Christian religions,Världsreligioner (ej kristendom)},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {270},
  publisher    = {Lund University Press},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Studia Theologica Lundensia},
  title        = {Muslim Rights and Plights. The Religious Liberty Situation of a Minority in Sweden},
  volume       = {53},
  year         = {1998},
}