Advanced

Effects of Meditation on Respiration and the Temporal Lobes : An Exploratory and Meta-Analytic Study

Petersson Bouin, Yvonne LU (2000) In Lund Studies in Psychology of Religion 5.
Abstract
Two assertions made by the Eastern meditation traditions were investigated: (a) breath regulation is a prerequisite for attaining altered states of consciousness, (b) meditation leads to changes in cognitive processes and in personality. A deconditioning process was conceptualized involving the temporal lobes and the amygdala. Analyses of (a) the effects of carbon dioxide (CO2) inhalation and (b) temporal lobe stimulation, (c) the experiential phenomena during meditation, and eight respiratory parameters during meditation are reviewed. The results show that ventilation decreased, metabolism decreased, PCO2 increased, CO2 sensitivity decreased, and apnea occurred frequently during meditation. Psychological effects comprised positive and... (More)
Two assertions made by the Eastern meditation traditions were investigated: (a) breath regulation is a prerequisite for attaining altered states of consciousness, (b) meditation leads to changes in cognitive processes and in personality. A deconditioning process was conceptualized involving the temporal lobes and the amygdala. Analyses of (a) the effects of carbon dioxide (CO2) inhalation and (b) temporal lobe stimulation, (c) the experiential phenomena during meditation, and eight respiratory parameters during meditation are reviewed. The results show that ventilation decreased, metabolism decreased, PCO2 increased, CO2 sensitivity decreased, and apnea occurred frequently during meditation. Psychological effects comprised positive and adverse effects influencing cognitive processes and personality. The assertions receive partial support. Implications and suggestions for future research are listed. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Ph.D Warkentin, Siegbert, Department of Clinical Physiology and Neuropsychiatric Clinic, University Hospital of Malmö (UMAS), Sweden
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Personality, Cognition, Emotions, Deconditioning, Amygdala, Temporal lobes, Carbon dioxide, Meditation, Respiration, Meta-analysis, Theology, Teologi
in
Lund Studies in Psychology of Religion
volume
5
pages
189 pages
publisher
Studentlitteratur AB
defense location
Samarkand, Akademiska föreningen, Sandgatan 2, Lund, Sweden
defense date
2000-05-30 10:15
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN: LUREDN/RERP-2000/1005-SE +189
ISSN
1103-5757
ISBN
91-7966-594-2
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3379512f-5258-4404-b3a6-8590c1de34fd (old id 27741)
date added to LUP
2007-06-07 15:54:32
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:52
@phdthesis{3379512f-5258-4404-b3a6-8590c1de34fd,
  abstract     = {Two assertions made by the Eastern meditation traditions were investigated: (a) breath regulation is a prerequisite for attaining altered states of consciousness, (b) meditation leads to changes in cognitive processes and in personality. A deconditioning process was conceptualized involving the temporal lobes and the amygdala. Analyses of (a) the effects of carbon dioxide (CO2) inhalation and (b) temporal lobe stimulation, (c) the experiential phenomena during meditation, and eight respiratory parameters during meditation are reviewed. The results show that ventilation decreased, metabolism decreased, PCO2 increased, CO2 sensitivity decreased, and apnea occurred frequently during meditation. Psychological effects comprised positive and adverse effects influencing cognitive processes and personality. The assertions receive partial support. Implications and suggestions for future research are listed.},
  author       = {Petersson Bouin, Yvonne},
  isbn         = {91-7966-594-2},
  issn         = {1103-5757},
  keyword      = {Personality,Cognition,Emotions,Deconditioning,Amygdala,Temporal lobes,Carbon dioxide,Meditation,Respiration,Meta-analysis,Theology,Teologi},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {189},
  publisher    = {Studentlitteratur AB},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Lund Studies in Psychology of Religion},
  title        = {Effects of Meditation on Respiration and the Temporal Lobes : An Exploratory and Meta-Analytic Study},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2000},
}