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Emotions, the meaning of food and heart failure: a grounded theory study

Jacobsson, A; Pihl, E; Martensson, J and Fridlund, Bengt LU (2004) In Journal of Advanced Nursing 46(5). p.514-522
Abstract
Background. Many patients with heart failure have generalized wasting, referred to as cardiac cachexia. This leads to skeletal muscle wasting, impaired mobility, reduced functional capacity and poor prognosis. Patients with heart failure have symptoms that can affect their food intake, for example breathing difficulties, fatigue, nausea, loss of appetite, early feeling of fullness and ascites. These dietary problems and patients' nutritional status, can be significantly improved by means of simple nursing interventions. Aim. This paper reports a grounded theory study which developed a theoretical model of experiences of food and food intake among patients with heart failure. Methods. A descriptive and exploratory design, with a grounded... (More)
Background. Many patients with heart failure have generalized wasting, referred to as cardiac cachexia. This leads to skeletal muscle wasting, impaired mobility, reduced functional capacity and poor prognosis. Patients with heart failure have symptoms that can affect their food intake, for example breathing difficulties, fatigue, nausea, loss of appetite, early feeling of fullness and ascites. These dietary problems and patients' nutritional status, can be significantly improved by means of simple nursing interventions. Aim. This paper reports a grounded theory study which developed a theoretical model of experiences of food and food intake among patients with heart failure. Methods. A descriptive and exploratory design, with a grounded theory analysis, was used. Data were collected in 2002 through interviews with 11 patients with heart failure. Findings. Two core categories emerged: emotions and the meaning of food. Psychosocial meaning could be associated with positive feelings of well-being, or negative feelings of sorrow. Physiological meaning could be associated with positive feelings of comfort or negative feelings of burden. Patients' experiences of food and eating changed during the development of the disease. Feelings of fatigue and lack of appetite gave rise to a feeling of deprivation because of missing both eating and the related social environment. This could lead to a loss of personal identity. Discussion. Although the findings of a qualitative study cannot be generalized, they raise important clinical nursing issues. With increasingly shorter hospital stays, these problems will need to be addressed by community healthcare staff and family carers. Therefore, all healthcare professionals need knowledge about heart disease and information techniques if they are to be able to give appropriate care to this group. Conclusion. Ignorance about food and eating can easily lead to malnourishment, with an increased risk of the patients falling into a vicious circle. Implications of the study for health care practice and research are identified. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
heart failure, grounded theory, cardiac cachexia, emotions, meaning of, food, nursing
in
Journal of Advanced Nursing
volume
46
issue
5
pages
514 - 522
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000221297500007
  • pmid:15139940
  • scopus:2642570756
ISSN
0309-2402
DOI
10.1111/j.1365-2648.2004.03025.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
789b29c2-1d74-44b2-9549-8cb6904fc32a (old id 279412)
date added to LUP
2007-10-23 10:15:10
date last changed
2017-01-01 05:08:53
@article{789b29c2-1d74-44b2-9549-8cb6904fc32a,
  abstract     = {Background. Many patients with heart failure have generalized wasting, referred to as cardiac cachexia. This leads to skeletal muscle wasting, impaired mobility, reduced functional capacity and poor prognosis. Patients with heart failure have symptoms that can affect their food intake, for example breathing difficulties, fatigue, nausea, loss of appetite, early feeling of fullness and ascites. These dietary problems and patients' nutritional status, can be significantly improved by means of simple nursing interventions. Aim. This paper reports a grounded theory study which developed a theoretical model of experiences of food and food intake among patients with heart failure. Methods. A descriptive and exploratory design, with a grounded theory analysis, was used. Data were collected in 2002 through interviews with 11 patients with heart failure. Findings. Two core categories emerged: emotions and the meaning of food. Psychosocial meaning could be associated with positive feelings of well-being, or negative feelings of sorrow. Physiological meaning could be associated with positive feelings of comfort or negative feelings of burden. Patients' experiences of food and eating changed during the development of the disease. Feelings of fatigue and lack of appetite gave rise to a feeling of deprivation because of missing both eating and the related social environment. This could lead to a loss of personal identity. Discussion. Although the findings of a qualitative study cannot be generalized, they raise important clinical nursing issues. With increasingly shorter hospital stays, these problems will need to be addressed by community healthcare staff and family carers. Therefore, all healthcare professionals need knowledge about heart disease and information techniques if they are to be able to give appropriate care to this group. Conclusion. Ignorance about food and eating can easily lead to malnourishment, with an increased risk of the patients falling into a vicious circle. Implications of the study for health care practice and research are identified.},
  author       = {Jacobsson, A and Pihl, E and Martensson, J and Fridlund, Bengt},
  issn         = {0309-2402},
  keyword      = {heart failure,grounded theory,cardiac cachexia,emotions,meaning of,food,nursing},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {514--522},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Journal of Advanced Nursing},
  title        = {Emotions, the meaning of food and heart failure: a grounded theory study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2004.03025.x},
  volume       = {46},
  year         = {2004},
}