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Self-employment of immigrants and natives in Sweden - a multilevel analysis

Ohlsson, Henrik LU ; Broome, Per and Bevelander, Pieter (2012) In Entrepreneurship and Regional Development 24(5-6). p.405-423
Abstract
Recent research suggests that self-employment among immigrants is due to a combination of multiple situational, cultural and institutional factors, all acting together. Using multilevel regression and unique data on the entire population of Sweden for the year 2007, this study attempts to quantify the relative importance for the self-employed of embeddedness in ethnic contexts (country of birth) and regional business and public regulatory frameworks (labour market areas). This information indicates whether the layers under consideration are valid constructs of the surroundings that influence individual self-employment. The results show that 10% (women) and 8% (men) of the total variation in individual differences in self-employment can be... (More)
Recent research suggests that self-employment among immigrants is due to a combination of multiple situational, cultural and institutional factors, all acting together. Using multilevel regression and unique data on the entire population of Sweden for the year 2007, this study attempts to quantify the relative importance for the self-employed of embeddedness in ethnic contexts (country of birth) and regional business and public regulatory frameworks (labour market areas). This information indicates whether the layers under consideration are valid constructs of the surroundings that influence individual self-employment. The results show that 10% (women) and 8% (men) of the total variation in individual differences in self-employment can be attributed to the country of birth. When labour market areas are included in the analyses, the share of the total variation increases to 14% for women and 12% for men. The results show that the ethnic context and the economic environment play a minor role in understanding individual differences in self-employment levels. The results can have important implications when planning interventions or other actions focusing on self-employment as public measures to promote self-employment often are based on geographic areas and ethnic contexts. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
immigrants, self-employment, integration, entrepreneurship, multilevel, logistic regression
in
Entrepreneurship and Regional Development
volume
24
issue
5-6
pages
405 - 423
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • wos:000304457100006
  • scopus:84861958413
ISSN
0898-5626
DOI
10.1080/08985626.2011.598570
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
013dc8fb-b3ab-44c1-b974-07d8a63d9582 (old id 2809778)
date added to LUP
2012-07-03 10:24:22
date last changed
2017-08-13 03:53:40
@article{013dc8fb-b3ab-44c1-b974-07d8a63d9582,
  abstract     = {Recent research suggests that self-employment among immigrants is due to a combination of multiple situational, cultural and institutional factors, all acting together. Using multilevel regression and unique data on the entire population of Sweden for the year 2007, this study attempts to quantify the relative importance for the self-employed of embeddedness in ethnic contexts (country of birth) and regional business and public regulatory frameworks (labour market areas). This information indicates whether the layers under consideration are valid constructs of the surroundings that influence individual self-employment. The results show that 10% (women) and 8% (men) of the total variation in individual differences in self-employment can be attributed to the country of birth. When labour market areas are included in the analyses, the share of the total variation increases to 14% for women and 12% for men. The results show that the ethnic context and the economic environment play a minor role in understanding individual differences in self-employment levels. The results can have important implications when planning interventions or other actions focusing on self-employment as public measures to promote self-employment often are based on geographic areas and ethnic contexts.},
  author       = {Ohlsson, Henrik and Broome, Per and Bevelander, Pieter},
  issn         = {0898-5626},
  keyword      = {immigrants,self-employment,integration,entrepreneurship,multilevel,logistic regression},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5-6},
  pages        = {405--423},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Entrepreneurship and Regional Development},
  title        = {Self-employment of immigrants and natives in Sweden - a multilevel analysis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08985626.2011.598570},
  volume       = {24},
  year         = {2012},
}