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Approaches to the design of refugee camps : An empirical study in Kenya, Ethiopia, Greece, and Turkey

Jahre, Marianne; Kembro, Joakim LU ; Adjahossou, Anicet and Altay, Nezih (2018) In Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management 8(3). p.323-345
Abstract

Purpose: An unprecedented scale of human migration has lead humanitarians to view camps as long-term settlements rather than temporary holding facilities. The purpose of this paper is to increase the understanding of and identify challenges with this proposed new approach to camp design. Design/methodology/approach: Based on the camp design literature, the authors developed an interview guide and checklist for data collection. A multi-site case study and within- and cross-case analysis was then conducted. Findings: The findings suggest that the proposed new approach is implemented only to a limited extent, and mostly in a stepwise manner. As camps mature, there is a shift toward the new approach, but most camps are established using the... (More)

Purpose: An unprecedented scale of human migration has lead humanitarians to view camps as long-term settlements rather than temporary holding facilities. The purpose of this paper is to increase the understanding of and identify challenges with this proposed new approach to camp design. Design/methodology/approach: Based on the camp design literature, the authors developed an interview guide and checklist for data collection. A multi-site case study and within- and cross-case analysis was then conducted. Findings: The findings suggest that the proposed new approach is implemented only to a limited extent, and mostly in a stepwise manner. As camps mature, there is a shift toward the new approach, but most camps are established using the traditional top-down, temporary, and isolated approach. Research limitations/implications: The findings are based on four camps in four different countries and do not provide an exhaustive global coverage. Practical implications: The insights the authors derived and the challenges identified from the empirical evidence can be used to better plan future camps. Social implications: The results can support improvements in camp design, thus alleviating suffering for both refugees and host communities, particularly in developing countries. In particular, the trade-off between a permanent solution and the temporary must be accounted for. Originality/value: The study contributes to the literature by developing and proposing a conceptual framework to camp design. The cross-case analysis provides an initial understanding and categorization of challenges with implementing the new approach. It also suggests an evolutionary perspective of camp design.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Camp design, Embeddedness, Humanitarian operations, Layout, Refugee
in
Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management
volume
8
issue
3
pages
323 - 345
publisher
Emerald Group Publishing Limited
external identifiers
  • scopus:85043342448
ISSN
2042-6747
DOI
10.1108/JHLSCM-07-2017-0034
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
283acef0-559c-46e5-8b83-7712570fe259
date added to LUP
2018-03-19 15:21:56
date last changed
2019-02-20 11:11:15
@article{283acef0-559c-46e5-8b83-7712570fe259,
  abstract     = {<p>Purpose: An unprecedented scale of human migration has lead humanitarians to view camps as long-term settlements rather than temporary holding facilities. The purpose of this paper is to increase the understanding of and identify challenges with this proposed new approach to camp design. Design/methodology/approach: Based on the camp design literature, the authors developed an interview guide and checklist for data collection. A multi-site case study and within- and cross-case analysis was then conducted. Findings: The findings suggest that the proposed new approach is implemented only to a limited extent, and mostly in a stepwise manner. As camps mature, there is a shift toward the new approach, but most camps are established using the traditional top-down, temporary, and isolated approach. Research limitations/implications: The findings are based on four camps in four different countries and do not provide an exhaustive global coverage. Practical implications: The insights the authors derived and the challenges identified from the empirical evidence can be used to better plan future camps. Social implications: The results can support improvements in camp design, thus alleviating suffering for both refugees and host communities, particularly in developing countries. In particular, the trade-off between a permanent solution and the temporary must be accounted for. Originality/value: The study contributes to the literature by developing and proposing a conceptual framework to camp design. The cross-case analysis provides an initial understanding and categorization of challenges with implementing the new approach. It also suggests an evolutionary perspective of camp design.</p>},
  author       = {Jahre, Marianne and Kembro, Joakim and Adjahossou, Anicet and Altay, Nezih},
  issn         = {2042-6747},
  keyword      = {Camp design,Embeddedness,Humanitarian operations,Layout,Refugee},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {11},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {323--345},
  publisher    = {Emerald Group Publishing Limited},
  series       = {Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management},
  title        = {Approaches to the design of refugee camps : An empirical study in Kenya, Ethiopia, Greece, and Turkey},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/JHLSCM-07-2017-0034},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2018},
}