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Welfare as a means for political stability : a law and society analysis

Svensson, Måns LU ; Urinboyev, Rustamjon LU and Åström, Karsten LU (2012) In European Journal of Social Security 14(2). p.64-85
Abstract
There have been extensive discussions in academic circles of why some countries develop into welfare states while others do not. Two main factors mentioned in these discussions are economic growth and the need for political stability. In these discussions, the example

of Sweden, where the welfare state allegedly emerged from a ‘culture of consensus’, has often been treated as an historic exception. In this article we discuss the relevance of the two main factors suggested in the literature, and investigate whether Sweden is a rare

case of a country where welfare arose out of a culture of consensus or if welfare in Sweden emerged as a product of strategies that aimed at promoting political stability, and thereby followed a... (More)
There have been extensive discussions in academic circles of why some countries develop into welfare states while others do not. Two main factors mentioned in these discussions are economic growth and the need for political stability. In these discussions, the example

of Sweden, where the welfare state allegedly emerged from a ‘culture of consensus’, has often been treated as an historic exception. In this article we discuss the relevance of the two main factors suggested in the literature, and investigate whether Sweden is a rare

case of a country where welfare arose out of a culture of consensus or if welfare in Sweden emerged as a product of strategies that aimed at promoting political stability, and thereby followed a similar pattern to other Western European countries. In undertaking this

task, we have conducted a review of the literature and used Migdal’s ‘state-in-society’ perspective and the ‘institutional approach’ as a theoretical framework. Our results can be summarised under three headings: (a) until the mid-twentieth century, Sweden was a highly unstable, conflict-ridden class society, and thereby a followed similar pattern to other Western European countries; (b) welfare reforms in Sweden were introduced as a means of addressing political and social instability; (c) Sweden is therefore no exception

to the theory that deep political crises trigger welfare reforms. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
labour history, law and society, political stability, social policy, Sweden, welfare
in
European Journal of Social Security
volume
14
issue
2
pages
64 - 85
publisher
Intersentia
ISSN
1388-2627
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1feda89c-e898-4bd4-b4c7-906b7109793b (old id 2967939)
alternative location
http://www.ejss.eu/table_of_content.aspx?sy=2012&pn=2
date added to LUP
2012-08-06 11:16:47
date last changed
2016-04-15 22:21:00
@article{1feda89c-e898-4bd4-b4c7-906b7109793b,
  abstract     = {There have been extensive discussions in academic circles of why some countries develop into welfare states while others do not. Two main factors mentioned in these discussions are economic growth and the need for political stability. In these discussions, the example<br/><br>
of Sweden, where the welfare state allegedly emerged from a ‘culture of consensus’, has often been treated as an historic exception. In this article we discuss the relevance of the two main factors suggested in the literature, and investigate whether Sweden is a rare<br/><br>
case of a country where welfare arose out of a culture of consensus or if welfare in Sweden emerged as a product of strategies that aimed at promoting political stability, and thereby followed a similar pattern to other Western European countries. In undertaking this<br/><br>
task, we have conducted a review of the literature and used Migdal’s ‘state-in-society’ perspective and the ‘institutional approach’ as a theoretical framework. Our results can be summarised under three headings: (a) until the mid-twentieth century, Sweden was a highly unstable, conflict-ridden class society, and thereby a followed similar pattern to other Western European countries; (b) welfare reforms in Sweden were introduced as a means of addressing political and social instability; (c) Sweden is therefore no exception<br/><br>
to the theory that deep political crises trigger welfare reforms.},
  author       = {Svensson, Måns and Urinboyev, Rustamjon and Åström, Karsten},
  issn         = {1388-2627},
  keyword      = {labour history,law and society,political stability,social policy,Sweden,welfare},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {64--85},
  publisher    = {Intersentia},
  series       = {European Journal of Social Security},
  title        = {Welfare as a means for political stability : a law and society analysis},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2012},
}