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Sex differences in strategy and performance on computerized neuropsychological tests as related to gender identity and age at puberty

Meurling, Ann Wirsén LU ; Tonning-Olsson, Ingrid LU and Levander, Sten LU (2000) In Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 41(2). p.81-90
Abstract

Neuropsychological sex differences have since long been under debate. Support for the relation between behavioral differences and biological variables like hormone influence is, however, emerging. Sixteen men and sixteen women, all university students, were tested with computerized neuropsychological tests (APT), the Bem Sexual Role Inventory, and asked about pubertal age. The results were in line with earlier findings of sex differences in neuropsychological tests, men being faster and women more cautious. The assumption that women tend to use left-hemispheric, verbal/serial strategies also in spatial tasks was also partly supported. In women, late onset of puberty was related to better spatial performance, and there were also more... (More)

Neuropsychological sex differences have since long been under debate. Support for the relation between behavioral differences and biological variables like hormone influence is, however, emerging. Sixteen men and sixteen women, all university students, were tested with computerized neuropsychological tests (APT), the Bem Sexual Role Inventory, and asked about pubertal age. The results were in line with earlier findings of sex differences in neuropsychological tests, men being faster and women more cautious. The assumption that women tend to use left-hemispheric, verbal/serial strategies also in spatial tasks was also partly supported. In women, late onset of puberty was related to better spatial performance, and there were also more intercorrelations between verbal and spatial tests in the female than in the male group, indicating that women use less specific strategies (more g-factor intelligence) in problem solving, or that aptitudes are less compartmentalized in women than in men.

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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Cognitive sex differences, Computerized tests, Maturity rate, Neuropsychology, Sexual role identity
in
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
volume
41
issue
2
pages
81 - 90
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:0034203761
  • pmid:10870426
ISSN
1467-9450
DOI
10.1111/1467-9450.00175
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2b66c2be-787b-42f2-a373-1e1ae1073cb7 (old id 2971436)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 16:09:44
date last changed
2020-02-04 15:05:36
@article{2b66c2be-787b-42f2-a373-1e1ae1073cb7,
  abstract     = {<p>Neuropsychological sex differences have since long been under debate. Support for the relation between behavioral differences and biological variables like hormone influence is, however, emerging. Sixteen men and sixteen women, all university students, were tested with computerized neuropsychological tests (APT), the Bem Sexual Role Inventory, and asked about pubertal age. The results were in line with earlier findings of sex differences in neuropsychological tests, men being faster and women more cautious. The assumption that women tend to use left-hemispheric, verbal/serial strategies also in spatial tasks was also partly supported. In women, late onset of puberty was related to better spatial performance, and there were also more intercorrelations between verbal and spatial tests in the female than in the male group, indicating that women use less specific strategies (more g-factor intelligence) in problem solving, or that aptitudes are less compartmentalized in women than in men.</p>},
  author       = {Meurling, Ann Wirsén and Tonning-Olsson, Ingrid and Levander, Sten},
  issn         = {1467-9450},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {81--90},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Psychology},
  title        = {Sex differences in strategy and performance on computerized neuropsychological tests as related to gender identity and age at puberty},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9450.00175},
  doi          = {10.1111/1467-9450.00175},
  volume       = {41},
  year         = {2000},
}