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Quantitative reconstructions of changes in regional openness in north-central Europe reveal new insights into old questions

Nielsen, Anne Birgitte LU ; Giesecke, Thomas; Theuerkauf, Martin; Feeser, Ingo; Behre, Karl-Ernst; Beug, Hans-Jürgen; Chen, Su-Hwa; Christiansen, Jörg; Dörfler, Walter and Endtman, Elisabeth, et al. (2012) In Quaternary Science Reviews 47(30). p.131-149
Abstract
By applying the recently developed model REVEALS (Regional Estimates of VEgetation Abundance from Large Sites) (Sugita, 2007) to pollen data from a large number of sites across Northern Germany and Denmark, we construct maps of regional patterns in landscape openness and in cover abundance of key plant taxa in the cultural landscape of north-central Europe for selected time slices in the Holocene.

The results indicate that the pattern of landscape openness across the regions of northern Germany and Denmark prior to the introduction of agriculture was affected by soil conditions and degree of continentality. The 8.2 ka climate event did not lead to a general decrease in tree cover, although some changes in species composition were... (More)
By applying the recently developed model REVEALS (Regional Estimates of VEgetation Abundance from Large Sites) (Sugita, 2007) to pollen data from a large number of sites across Northern Germany and Denmark, we construct maps of regional patterns in landscape openness and in cover abundance of key plant taxa in the cultural landscape of north-central Europe for selected time slices in the Holocene.

The results indicate that the pattern of landscape openness across the regions of northern Germany and Denmark prior to the introduction of agriculture was affected by soil conditions and degree of continentality. The 8.2 ka climate event did not lead to a general decrease in tree cover, although some changes in species composition were observed. The early phases of agriculture also had little

effect on landscape openness at the regional scale, but later human impact lead to large scale deforestation and development of arable areas, grasslands and of heathlands in the north-western part of the region. The timing and degree of deforestation, and the weight between arable and grazing areas varied in space, partly due to differences in natural conditions, partly due to differences

in cultural impact. (Less)
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publication status
published
subject
keywords
REVEALS, Holocene Landscape openness, Northern Germany, Denmark, Pollen analysis
in
Quaternary Science Reviews
volume
47
issue
30
pages
131 - 149
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000306729300010
  • scopus:84862743006
ISSN
0277-3791
DOI
10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.05.011
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
936fb82d-3eae-42e6-b025-48457c935b55 (old id 2971537)
date added to LUP
2013-01-28 15:16:54
date last changed
2017-07-30 03:21:16
@article{936fb82d-3eae-42e6-b025-48457c935b55,
  abstract     = {By applying the recently developed model REVEALS (Regional Estimates of VEgetation Abundance from Large Sites) (Sugita, 2007) to pollen data from a large number of sites across Northern Germany and Denmark, we construct maps of regional patterns in landscape openness and in cover abundance of key plant taxa in the cultural landscape of north-central Europe for selected time slices in the Holocene.<br/><br>
The results indicate that the pattern of landscape openness across the regions of northern Germany and Denmark prior to the introduction of agriculture was affected by soil conditions and degree of continentality. The 8.2 ka climate event did not lead to a general decrease in tree cover, although some changes in species composition were observed. The early phases of agriculture also had little<br/><br>
effect on landscape openness at the regional scale, but later human impact lead to large scale deforestation and development of arable areas, grasslands and of heathlands in the north-western part of the region. The timing and degree of deforestation, and the weight between arable and grazing areas varied in space, partly due to differences in natural conditions, partly due to differences<br/><br>
in cultural impact.},
  author       = {Nielsen, Anne Birgitte and Giesecke, Thomas and Theuerkauf, Martin and Feeser, Ingo and Behre, Karl-Ernst and Beug, Hans-Jürgen and Chen, Su-Hwa and Christiansen, Jörg and Dörfler, Walter and Endtman, Elisabeth and Jahns, Susanne and de Klerk, Pim and Kühl, Norbert and Latalova, Malgorzata and Odgaard, Bent Vad and Rasmussen, Peter and Raal Stockholm, Jette and Voigt, Ricarda and Wiethold, Julian and Wolters, Steffen},
  issn         = {0277-3791},
  keyword      = {REVEALS,Holocene Landscape openness,Northern Germany,Denmark,Pollen analysis},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {30},
  pages        = {131--149},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Quaternary Science Reviews},
  title        = {Quantitative reconstructions of changes in regional openness in north-central Europe reveal new insights into old questions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.05.011},
  volume       = {47},
  year         = {2012},
}