Advanced

Fibroblast Growth Factor 8b Causes Progressive Stromal and Epithelial Changes in the Epididymis and Degeneration of the Seminiferous Epithelium in the Testis of Transgenic Mice

Elo, Teresa; Sipila, Petra; Valve, Eeva; Kujala, Paula; Toppari, Jorma; Poutanen, Matti and Härkönen, Pirkko LU (2012) In Biology of Reproduction 86(5). p.157-157
Abstract
Transgenic (Tg) mice expressing human fibroblast growth factor 8b (FGF8-b) under the probasin promoter (Tg [Pbsn-FGF8] L2-L5Elo; hereafter referred to as FGF8-b-Tg) were shown to produce FGF8-b at high levels in the prostate and epididymis and at lower levels in the testis. The present study examined the effects of FGF8-b expression on the epididymis and testis. In old (age, >6 mo) FGF8-b-Tg mice, epididymides were frequently enlarged, with epithelial and stromal hypercellularity progressing upon aging to epithelial dysplasia and malignant transformation of stroma. In addition, oligospermia, dilatation of the duct, and inflammation were frequently observed in the epididymides. In association with the epididymal changes, some FGF8-b-Tg... (More)
Transgenic (Tg) mice expressing human fibroblast growth factor 8b (FGF8-b) under the probasin promoter (Tg [Pbsn-FGF8] L2-L5Elo; hereafter referred to as FGF8-b-Tg) were shown to produce FGF8-b at high levels in the prostate and epididymis and at lower levels in the testis. The present study examined the effects of FGF8-b expression on the epididymis and testis. In old (age, >6 mo) FGF8-b-Tg mice, epididymides were frequently enlarged, with epithelial and stromal hypercellularity progressing upon aging to epithelial dysplasia and malignant transformation of stroma. In addition, oligospermia, dilatation of the duct, and inflammation were frequently observed in the epididymides. In association with the epididymal changes, some FGF8-b-Tg mice presented a degenerative seminiferous epithelium of the testis. Consistent with this observation, infertile males were found in two FGF8-b-Tg mouse lines. Masson trichrome staining and immunohistochemical analysis of smooth muscle actin, laminin, and androgen receptor revealed that changes in the epididymal stroma closely resembled those previously found in the prostates of the FGF8-b-Tg mice. Genes previously found to be upregulated in the prostate of FGF8-b-Tg mice, such as osteopontin (Spp1) connective tissue growth factor (Ctgf), apolipoprotein D (Apod), and FGF receptor 1c (Fgfr1-c), were also upregulated in the epididymides, suggesting that similar molecular mechanisms were active in both tissues. However, unlike in the prostate, the changes in the epididymal epithelium of the FGF8-b-Tg mice did not progress into invasive carcinoma. The results suggest that prolonged and enhanced FGF signaling induces dramatic changes in the epididymis and testis that lead to infertility in a portion of the FGF8-b-Tg males. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
epididymis, fibroblast growth factor 8, growth factors, male, reproductive tract, stroma, testis, transgenic mouse, transgenic/knockout model
in
Biology of Reproduction
volume
86
issue
5
pages
157 - 157
publisher
Soc Study Reproduction
external identifiers
  • wos:000306547700024
  • scopus:84864004520
ISSN
1529-7268
DOI
10.1095/biolreprod.111.097352
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4654224b-dae2-4fd3-988f-7e05289ccffb (old id 2991489)
date added to LUP
2012-09-03 07:16:30
date last changed
2017-01-01 03:09:30
@article{4654224b-dae2-4fd3-988f-7e05289ccffb,
  abstract     = {Transgenic (Tg) mice expressing human fibroblast growth factor 8b (FGF8-b) under the probasin promoter (Tg [Pbsn-FGF8] L2-L5Elo; hereafter referred to as FGF8-b-Tg) were shown to produce FGF8-b at high levels in the prostate and epididymis and at lower levels in the testis. The present study examined the effects of FGF8-b expression on the epididymis and testis. In old (age, >6 mo) FGF8-b-Tg mice, epididymides were frequently enlarged, with epithelial and stromal hypercellularity progressing upon aging to epithelial dysplasia and malignant transformation of stroma. In addition, oligospermia, dilatation of the duct, and inflammation were frequently observed in the epididymides. In association with the epididymal changes, some FGF8-b-Tg mice presented a degenerative seminiferous epithelium of the testis. Consistent with this observation, infertile males were found in two FGF8-b-Tg mouse lines. Masson trichrome staining and immunohistochemical analysis of smooth muscle actin, laminin, and androgen receptor revealed that changes in the epididymal stroma closely resembled those previously found in the prostates of the FGF8-b-Tg mice. Genes previously found to be upregulated in the prostate of FGF8-b-Tg mice, such as osteopontin (Spp1) connective tissue growth factor (Ctgf), apolipoprotein D (Apod), and FGF receptor 1c (Fgfr1-c), were also upregulated in the epididymides, suggesting that similar molecular mechanisms were active in both tissues. However, unlike in the prostate, the changes in the epididymal epithelium of the FGF8-b-Tg mice did not progress into invasive carcinoma. The results suggest that prolonged and enhanced FGF signaling induces dramatic changes in the epididymis and testis that lead to infertility in a portion of the FGF8-b-Tg males.},
  author       = {Elo, Teresa and Sipila, Petra and Valve, Eeva and Kujala, Paula and Toppari, Jorma and Poutanen, Matti and Härkönen, Pirkko},
  issn         = {1529-7268},
  keyword      = {epididymis,fibroblast growth factor 8,growth factors,male,reproductive tract,stroma,testis,transgenic mouse,transgenic/knockout model},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {157--157},
  publisher    = {Soc Study Reproduction},
  series       = {Biology of Reproduction},
  title        = {Fibroblast Growth Factor 8b Causes Progressive Stromal and Epithelial Changes in the Epididymis and Degeneration of the Seminiferous Epithelium in the Testis of Transgenic Mice},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod.111.097352},
  volume       = {86},
  year         = {2012},
}