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Exposure to Wartime Trauma Decreases Positive Emotions and Altruism Toward Rival Out-Groups (But Not Nonrival Out-Groups) : A Survey Experiment in a Field Setting Among Syrian Refugees

Hall, Jonathan and Kahn, Dennis T. LU (2019) In Social Psychological and Personality Science
Abstract

A survey experiment, carried out in a field setting among Sunni Arab Syrian refugees (N = 2,479), examined the effect of exposure to wartime trauma, ethnoreligious group affiliation, and degree of hostility of intergroup relations on altruism and positive emotional regard. The results showed that in-group targets were met with more positive emotional regard and altruism than relatively neutral out-group targets, which in turn were met with more positive emotional regard and altruism than individuals from a hostile out-group. These tendencies were elevated among participants with a high degree of exposure to wartime trauma. Emotions mediated the effect of ethnoreligious group affiliation on altruism, and this mediating effect was... (More)

A survey experiment, carried out in a field setting among Sunni Arab Syrian refugees (N = 2,479), examined the effect of exposure to wartime trauma, ethnoreligious group affiliation, and degree of hostility of intergroup relations on altruism and positive emotional regard. The results showed that in-group targets were met with more positive emotional regard and altruism than relatively neutral out-group targets, which in turn were met with more positive emotional regard and altruism than individuals from a hostile out-group. These tendencies were elevated among participants with a high degree of exposure to wartime trauma. Emotions mediated the effect of ethnoreligious group affiliation on altruism, and this mediating effect was moderated by exposure to wartime trauma.

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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
altruism, emotions, exposure to trauma, intergroup conflict, welfare trade-off ratio
in
Social Psychological and Personality Science
publisher
SAGE Publications
external identifiers
  • scopus:85074414610
ISSN
1948-5506
DOI
10.1177/1948550619876631
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2a87d356-2f17-4ae2-9d27-5ba2cf661335
date added to LUP
2019-11-25 14:09:40
date last changed
2020-01-13 02:32:48
@article{2a87d356-2f17-4ae2-9d27-5ba2cf661335,
  abstract     = {<p>A survey experiment, carried out in a field setting among Sunni Arab Syrian refugees (N = 2,479), examined the effect of exposure to wartime trauma, ethnoreligious group affiliation, and degree of hostility of intergroup relations on altruism and positive emotional regard. The results showed that in-group targets were met with more positive emotional regard and altruism than relatively neutral out-group targets, which in turn were met with more positive emotional regard and altruism than individuals from a hostile out-group. These tendencies were elevated among participants with a high degree of exposure to wartime trauma. Emotions mediated the effect of ethnoreligious group affiliation on altruism, and this mediating effect was moderated by exposure to wartime trauma.</p>},
  author       = {Hall, Jonathan and Kahn, Dennis T.},
  issn         = {1948-5506},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {10},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications},
  series       = {Social Psychological and Personality Science},
  title        = {Exposure to Wartime Trauma Decreases Positive Emotions and Altruism Toward Rival Out-Groups (But Not Nonrival Out-Groups) : A Survey Experiment in a Field Setting Among Syrian Refugees},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1948550619876631},
  doi          = {10.1177/1948550619876631},
  year         = {2019},
}