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Low prevalence of smoking in patients with autism spectrum disorders

Bejerot, S and Nylander, Lena LU (2003) In Psychiatry Research 119(1-2). p.177-182
Abstract
Psychiatric patients are significantly more often smokers than the general population, the only known exception being obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and catatonic schizophrenia. We have investigated nicotine use in subjects with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Ninety-five subjects (25 females and 70 males) consecutively diagnosed with any ASD and of normal intelligence were included in the study. Only 12.6% were smokers, compared with 19% in the general population and 47% in a control group of 161 outpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia or a schizophreniform disorder. The results suggest that smoking is rare among subjects with ASD, while the opposite was shown for schizophrenia. If replicated, this finding could suggest biological... (More)
Psychiatric patients are significantly more often smokers than the general population, the only known exception being obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and catatonic schizophrenia. We have investigated nicotine use in subjects with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Ninety-five subjects (25 females and 70 males) consecutively diagnosed with any ASD and of normal intelligence were included in the study. Only 12.6% were smokers, compared with 19% in the general population and 47% in a control group of 161 outpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia or a schizophreniform disorder. The results suggest that smoking is rare among subjects with ASD, while the opposite was shown for schizophrenia. If replicated, this finding could suggest biological differences between non-catatonic schizophrenia and ASD, and support the theory of a biological link between ASD and a subtype of OCD, and between ASD and catatonic schizophrenia. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
smoking, autistic disorder, disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality, schizophrenia, catatonia, nicotine
in
Psychiatry Research
volume
119
issue
1-2
pages
177 - 182
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:12860373
  • wos:000184329300019
  • scopus:0038303560
ISSN
1872-7123
DOI
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6c945001-4ea1-48b8-8fec-e0ce7d4f2e18 (old id 305157)
date added to LUP
2007-08-22 15:54:39
date last changed
2018-05-29 10:55:45
@article{6c945001-4ea1-48b8-8fec-e0ce7d4f2e18,
  abstract     = {Psychiatric patients are significantly more often smokers than the general population, the only known exception being obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and catatonic schizophrenia. We have investigated nicotine use in subjects with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Ninety-five subjects (25 females and 70 males) consecutively diagnosed with any ASD and of normal intelligence were included in the study. Only 12.6% were smokers, compared with 19% in the general population and 47% in a control group of 161 outpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia or a schizophreniform disorder. The results suggest that smoking is rare among subjects with ASD, while the opposite was shown for schizophrenia. If replicated, this finding could suggest biological differences between non-catatonic schizophrenia and ASD, and support the theory of a biological link between ASD and a subtype of OCD, and between ASD and catatonic schizophrenia. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Bejerot, S and Nylander, Lena},
  issn         = {1872-7123},
  keyword      = {smoking,autistic disorder,disorder,obsessive-compulsive disorder,obsessive-compulsive personality,schizophrenia,catatonia,nicotine},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-2},
  pages        = {177--182},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Psychiatry Research},
  title        = {Low prevalence of smoking in patients with autism spectrum disorders},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/},
  volume       = {119},
  year         = {2003},
}