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Size-selectivity of a synthetic high-flux and a high cut-off dialyzing membrane compared to that of the rat glomerular filtration barrier

Axelsson, Josefin LU ; Öberg, Carl LU ; Rippe, Anna LU ; Krause, Bernd and Rippe, Bengt LU (2012) In Journal of Membrane Science 413. p.29-37
Abstract
The aim of the present study was to investigate the size-selectivity of two different synthetic dialyzing membranes, having widely differing sieving properties, with respect to their handling of polydispersed fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-Ficoll, FITC-dextran and of proteins, i.e. I-125-human serum albumin (RISA) and I-125-myoglobin (Myo). Are Ficoll and dextran, compared to proteins, "hyperpermeable" across synthetic dialyzing membranes, similar to their behavior across the glomerular filtration barrier (GFB)? A high-flux membrane (HF-Revaclear (R); n = 12) and a high cut-off membrane (HCO; n = 14) in capillary mini-dialyzers were perfused with diluted horse serum. The perfusate contained polydisperse FITC-Ficoll 70/400 or... (More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the size-selectivity of two different synthetic dialyzing membranes, having widely differing sieving properties, with respect to their handling of polydispersed fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-Ficoll, FITC-dextran and of proteins, i.e. I-125-human serum albumin (RISA) and I-125-myoglobin (Myo). Are Ficoll and dextran, compared to proteins, "hyperpermeable" across synthetic dialyzing membranes, similar to their behavior across the glomerular filtration barrier (GFB)? A high-flux membrane (HF-Revaclear (R); n = 12) and a high cut-off membrane (HCO; n = 14) in capillary mini-dialyzers were perfused with diluted horse serum. The perfusate contained polydisperse FITC-Ficoll 70/400 or FITC-dextran (mol radius 13-80 angstrom), FITC-Inulin, and, in some experiments, RISA/Myo. After a priming period, sampling of filtrate occurred, and a midpoint plasma sample taken. Filtrate-to-plasma concentration ratios (theta) vs. molecular radius (a(e)) were assessed using HPLC for Ficoll and dextran. Size-selectivity for Ficoll increased in the order: HF-Revaclear (R) < rat glomerulus < HCO. Although the HCO filter showed the highest cut-off, this occurred at the expense of a high permeability to albumin and large Ficoll molecules and a high degree of dispersity of (small) pore radii, as assessed using a log-normal + shunt distributed pore model. According to a two-pore model, the fractional hydraulic conductance accounted for by large pores (alpha(L)) was 8.58 +/- 0.93 x 10(-3) and 1.51 +/- 0.88 x 10(-3) for the HCO and the HF-Revaclear (R), respectively, compared to 4.1 +/- 0.80 x 10(-5) for the rat glomerulus. In conclusion, the HCO filter investigated showed a high theta for myoglobin, similar to that of the GFB. However, the number of large pores was markedly higher and the pore size heterogeneity markedly larger than for the GFB. Membrane permeability was dependent on molecular species and increased in the order: proteins < Ficoll < dextran. (C) 2012 Published by Elsevier B.V. (Less)
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Ficoll, Dextran, Light chains, Pore-modeling, Log-normal distributed, pore model
in
Journal of Membrane Science
volume
413
pages
29 - 37
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000306962500003
  • scopus:84864304748
ISSN
0376-7388
DOI
10.1016/j.memsci.2012.03.001
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fb5abf6d-ff1b-401e-b9ac-bb4371e466c2 (old id 3069408)
date added to LUP
2012-10-05 06:58:53
date last changed
2017-01-01 05:33:48
@article{fb5abf6d-ff1b-401e-b9ac-bb4371e466c2,
  abstract     = {The aim of the present study was to investigate the size-selectivity of two different synthetic dialyzing membranes, having widely differing sieving properties, with respect to their handling of polydispersed fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-Ficoll, FITC-dextran and of proteins, i.e. I-125-human serum albumin (RISA) and I-125-myoglobin (Myo). Are Ficoll and dextran, compared to proteins, "hyperpermeable" across synthetic dialyzing membranes, similar to their behavior across the glomerular filtration barrier (GFB)? A high-flux membrane (HF-Revaclear (R); n = 12) and a high cut-off membrane (HCO; n = 14) in capillary mini-dialyzers were perfused with diluted horse serum. The perfusate contained polydisperse FITC-Ficoll 70/400 or FITC-dextran (mol radius 13-80 angstrom), FITC-Inulin, and, in some experiments, RISA/Myo. After a priming period, sampling of filtrate occurred, and a midpoint plasma sample taken. Filtrate-to-plasma concentration ratios (theta) vs. molecular radius (a(e)) were assessed using HPLC for Ficoll and dextran. Size-selectivity for Ficoll increased in the order: HF-Revaclear (R) &lt; rat glomerulus &lt; HCO. Although the HCO filter showed the highest cut-off, this occurred at the expense of a high permeability to albumin and large Ficoll molecules and a high degree of dispersity of (small) pore radii, as assessed using a log-normal + shunt distributed pore model. According to a two-pore model, the fractional hydraulic conductance accounted for by large pores (alpha(L)) was 8.58 +/- 0.93 x 10(-3) and 1.51 +/- 0.88 x 10(-3) for the HCO and the HF-Revaclear (R), respectively, compared to 4.1 +/- 0.80 x 10(-5) for the rat glomerulus. In conclusion, the HCO filter investigated showed a high theta for myoglobin, similar to that of the GFB. However, the number of large pores was markedly higher and the pore size heterogeneity markedly larger than for the GFB. Membrane permeability was dependent on molecular species and increased in the order: proteins &lt; Ficoll &lt; dextran. (C) 2012 Published by Elsevier B.V.},
  author       = {Axelsson, Josefin and Öberg, Carl and Rippe, Anna and Krause, Bernd and Rippe, Bengt},
  issn         = {0376-7388},
  keyword      = {Ficoll,Dextran,Light chains,Pore-modeling,Log-normal distributed,pore model},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {29--37},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Membrane Science},
  title        = {Size-selectivity of a synthetic high-flux and a high cut-off dialyzing membrane compared to that of the rat glomerular filtration barrier},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2012.03.001},
  volume       = {413},
  year         = {2012},
}