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The role of mitogen-activated protein kinase activation in determining cellular outcomes in polyamine analogue-treated human melanoma cells

Chen, Y; Alm, Kersti LU ; Vujcic, S; Kramer, DL; Kee, K; Diegelman, P and Porter, CW (2003) In Cancer Research 63(13). p.3619-3625
Abstract
The clinically relevant polyamine analogue N-1,N-11-diethylnorspermine (DENSPM) inhibits cell growth by down-regulating polyamine biosynthesis, up-regulating polyamine catabolism at the level of spermidine/spermine N-1-acetyltransferase (SSAT), and depleting intracellular polyamine pools. Among human melanoma cell lines, the analogue causes rapid apoptosis in SK-MEL-28 cells and a sharp G(1) arrest in MALME-3M cells. This study reveals that DENSPM potently activates the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways in melanoma cells and investigates the role of this response in determining cellular outcomes. Onset of apoptosis was preceded by an intense phosphorylation of the MAPKs, including extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2,... (More)
The clinically relevant polyamine analogue N-1,N-11-diethylnorspermine (DENSPM) inhibits cell growth by down-regulating polyamine biosynthesis, up-regulating polyamine catabolism at the level of spermidine/spermine N-1-acetyltransferase (SSAT), and depleting intracellular polyamine pools. Among human melanoma cell lines, the analogue causes rapid apoptosis in SK-MEL-28 cells and a sharp G(1) arrest in MALME-3M cells. This study reveals that DENSPM potently activates the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways in melanoma cells and investigates the role of this response in determining cellular outcomes. Onset of apoptosis was preceded by an intense phosphorylation of the MAPKs, including extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, c-jun NH2-terminal kinase, and p38 in both SK-MEL-28 and MALME-3M cells. A panel of DENSPM analogues differing only in their ability to induce SSAT was used to show that MAPK activation was causally linked to induction of SSAT. activity and related oxidative events. The latter was confirmed with the polyamine oxidase inhibitor MDL-75275 and the antioxidant N-acetyl-L-cysteine, which when used in combination with DENSPM, decreased MAPK activation and as previously shown, reduced apoptosis. The MAP/extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1 inhibitor PD 98059 reduced activation of all three kinases but failed to alter apoptosis in DENSPM-treated SK-MEL-28 cells. By contrast, the inhibitor prevented p21(waf1/cip1) induction and enhanced apoptosis in MALME-3M cells as indicated by accelerated caspase-3 activation and positive annexin V staining. The generality of this effect was demonstrated in DENSPM-treated A375 and LOX human melanoma cells. Taken together, the importance of the MAPK pathways in determining the biological response to DENSPM treatment is dependent on the genetic environment of the cell. (Less)
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organization
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Cancer Research
volume
63
issue
13
pages
3619 - 3625
publisher
American Association for Cancer Research Inc.
external identifiers
  • pmid:12839950
  • wos:000183941800028
  • scopus:0038418341
ISSN
1538-7445
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
cd879e34-868e-403e-8287-9eacb27e1dc0 (old id 307641)
alternative location
http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/63/13/3619
date added to LUP
2007-08-28 09:07:29
date last changed
2018-05-29 09:25:31
@article{cd879e34-868e-403e-8287-9eacb27e1dc0,
  abstract     = {The clinically relevant polyamine analogue N-1,N-11-diethylnorspermine (DENSPM) inhibits cell growth by down-regulating polyamine biosynthesis, up-regulating polyamine catabolism at the level of spermidine/spermine N-1-acetyltransferase (SSAT), and depleting intracellular polyamine pools. Among human melanoma cell lines, the analogue causes rapid apoptosis in SK-MEL-28 cells and a sharp G(1) arrest in MALME-3M cells. This study reveals that DENSPM potently activates the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways in melanoma cells and investigates the role of this response in determining cellular outcomes. Onset of apoptosis was preceded by an intense phosphorylation of the MAPKs, including extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, c-jun NH2-terminal kinase, and p38 in both SK-MEL-28 and MALME-3M cells. A panel of DENSPM analogues differing only in their ability to induce SSAT was used to show that MAPK activation was causally linked to induction of SSAT. activity and related oxidative events. The latter was confirmed with the polyamine oxidase inhibitor MDL-75275 and the antioxidant N-acetyl-L-cysteine, which when used in combination with DENSPM, decreased MAPK activation and as previously shown, reduced apoptosis. The MAP/extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1 inhibitor PD 98059 reduced activation of all three kinases but failed to alter apoptosis in DENSPM-treated SK-MEL-28 cells. By contrast, the inhibitor prevented p21(waf1/cip1) induction and enhanced apoptosis in MALME-3M cells as indicated by accelerated caspase-3 activation and positive annexin V staining. The generality of this effect was demonstrated in DENSPM-treated A375 and LOX human melanoma cells. Taken together, the importance of the MAPK pathways in determining the biological response to DENSPM treatment is dependent on the genetic environment of the cell.},
  author       = {Chen, Y and Alm, Kersti and Vujcic, S and Kramer, DL and Kee, K and Diegelman, P and Porter, CW},
  issn         = {1538-7445},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {13},
  pages        = {3619--3625},
  publisher    = {American Association for Cancer Research Inc.},
  series       = {Cancer Research},
  title        = {The role of mitogen-activated protein kinase activation in determining cellular outcomes in polyamine analogue-treated human melanoma cells},
  volume       = {63},
  year         = {2003},
}