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Total and differential leucocyte counts in relation to incidence of stroke subtypes and mortality: a prospective cohort study

Zia, Elisabet LU ; Melander, Olle LU ; Björkbacka, Harry LU ; Hedblad, Bo LU and Engström, Gunnar LU (2012) In Journal of Internal Medicine 272(3). p.298-304
Abstract
. Zia E, Melander O, Bjorkbacka H, Hedblad B, Engstrom G (Lund University, Malmo; Institute of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmo; Skane University Hospital, Malmo; and Astra Zeneca R&D, Malmo, Sweden). Total and differential leucocyte counts in relation to incidence of stroke subtypes and mortality: a prospective cohort study. J Intern Med 2012; 272: 298304. Objectives. Elevated levels of total leucocyte as well as leucocyte subtypes have been associated with increased risk of atherosclerotic disease. Atherosclerosis is an important cause of cerebral infarction, whereas its significance in intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) is less clear. A small number of prospective studies have revealed the relationship between leucocyte counts... (More)
. Zia E, Melander O, Bjorkbacka H, Hedblad B, Engstrom G (Lund University, Malmo; Institute of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmo; Skane University Hospital, Malmo; and Astra Zeneca R&D, Malmo, Sweden). Total and differential leucocyte counts in relation to incidence of stroke subtypes and mortality: a prospective cohort study. J Intern Med 2012; 272: 298304. Objectives. Elevated levels of total leucocyte as well as leucocyte subtypes have been associated with increased risk of atherosclerotic disease. Atherosclerosis is an important cause of cerebral infarction, whereas its significance in intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) is less clear. A small number of prospective studies have revealed the relationship between leucocyte counts and incident stroke, in particular incidence of stroke subtypes. We evaluated the associations between total leucocyte count (TLC) as well as leucocyte subtypes and the incidence of and mortality caused by different stroke subtypes. Design and subjects. Of 28 449 participants from the Malmo Diet and Cancer Study, 26 927 stroke-free subjects (mean age at screening, 58 +/- 8 years) were included in a prospective cohort study. The screening period was between 1991 and 1996. Incidence of stroke, 1-year mortality and 1-month case-fatality rate (CFR) were assessed by linkage to local and national registers. Cox regression analysis was used to assess stroke risk and 1-year mortality, and 1-month CFR was assessed by logistic regression analysis. Results. During a follow-up period of 13.6 +/- 3.3 years, 1515 participants had a first-ever stroke (cerebral infarction, n = 1314; ICH, n = 201). After adjustments for other risk factors, TLC and neutrophil count were significantly associated with increased incidence of cerebral infarction (hazards ratio (HR), 1.4; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.21.7 and 1.3; 95% CI, 1.11.5, respectively). There was an inverse association between elevated TLC and incident ICH (HR, 0.7; 95% CI, 0.40.99). No associations were found between leucocyte counts and mortality for either stroke subtype. Conclusion. The results suggest that the relationships with inflammation for ischaemic stroke and ICH are different. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
differential leucocyte counts, incidence, mortality, risk factor, stroke, subtypes
in
Journal of Internal Medicine
volume
272
issue
3
pages
298 - 304
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd
external identifiers
  • wos:000307958000010
  • pmid:22303818
  • scopus:84865555688
ISSN
1365-2796
DOI
10.1111/j.1365-2796.2012.02526.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c69d2eea-dcf3-48d2-ac5b-cfc9caff98d4 (old id 3147735)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22303818?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2012-11-01 09:33:00
date last changed
2017-03-12 03:12:43
@article{c69d2eea-dcf3-48d2-ac5b-cfc9caff98d4,
  abstract     = {. Zia E, Melander O, Bjorkbacka H, Hedblad B, Engstrom G (Lund University, Malmo; Institute of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmo; Skane University Hospital, Malmo; and Astra Zeneca R&D, Malmo, Sweden). Total and differential leucocyte counts in relation to incidence of stroke subtypes and mortality: a prospective cohort study. J Intern Med 2012; 272: 298304. Objectives. Elevated levels of total leucocyte as well as leucocyte subtypes have been associated with increased risk of atherosclerotic disease. Atherosclerosis is an important cause of cerebral infarction, whereas its significance in intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) is less clear. A small number of prospective studies have revealed the relationship between leucocyte counts and incident stroke, in particular incidence of stroke subtypes. We evaluated the associations between total leucocyte count (TLC) as well as leucocyte subtypes and the incidence of and mortality caused by different stroke subtypes. Design and subjects. Of 28 449 participants from the Malmo Diet and Cancer Study, 26 927 stroke-free subjects (mean age at screening, 58 +/- 8 years) were included in a prospective cohort study. The screening period was between 1991 and 1996. Incidence of stroke, 1-year mortality and 1-month case-fatality rate (CFR) were assessed by linkage to local and national registers. Cox regression analysis was used to assess stroke risk and 1-year mortality, and 1-month CFR was assessed by logistic regression analysis. Results. During a follow-up period of 13.6 +/- 3.3 years, 1515 participants had a first-ever stroke (cerebral infarction, n = 1314; ICH, n = 201). After adjustments for other risk factors, TLC and neutrophil count were significantly associated with increased incidence of cerebral infarction (hazards ratio (HR), 1.4; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.21.7 and 1.3; 95% CI, 1.11.5, respectively). There was an inverse association between elevated TLC and incident ICH (HR, 0.7; 95% CI, 0.40.99). No associations were found between leucocyte counts and mortality for either stroke subtype. Conclusion. The results suggest that the relationships with inflammation for ischaemic stroke and ICH are different.},
  author       = {Zia, Elisabet and Melander, Olle and Björkbacka, Harry and Hedblad, Bo and Engström, Gunnar},
  issn         = {1365-2796},
  keyword      = {differential leucocyte counts,incidence,mortality,risk factor,stroke,subtypes},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {298--304},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd},
  series       = {Journal of Internal Medicine},
  title        = {Total and differential leucocyte counts in relation to incidence of stroke subtypes and mortality: a prospective cohort study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2796.2012.02526.x},
  volume       = {272},
  year         = {2012},
}