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Reduction in Platelet Reactivity With Prasugrel 5 mg in Low-Body-Weight Patients Is Noninferior to Prasugrel 10 mg in Higher-Body-Weight Patients: Results From the FEATHER Trial.

Erlinge, David LU ; Ten Berg, Jurrien; Foley, David; Angiolillo, Dominick J; Wagner, Henrik LU ; Brown, Patricia B; Zhou, Chunmei; Luo, Junxiang; Jakubowski, Joseph A and Moser, Brian, et al. (2012) In Journal of the American College of Cardiology 60(20). p.2032-2040
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to confirm prior modeling data suggesting that prasugrel 5 mg in low-body-weight (LBW) patients would be noninferior to prasugrel 10 mg in higher-body-weight (HBW) patients as assessed by maximal platelet aggregation (MPA). BACKGROUND: Prasugrel 10 mg reduced ischemic events compared with clopidogrel 75 mg but increased bleeding, particularly in LBW patients. METHODS: In this blinded, 3-period, crossover study in stable patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) taking aspirin, prasugrel 5 and 10 mg and clopidogrel 75 mg were administered to LBW (56.4 ± 3.7 kg; n = 34) and HBW patients (84.7 ± 14.9 kg; n = 38). Assays included light transmission aggregometry (LTA), VerifyNow P2Y12 (VN), and... (More)
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to confirm prior modeling data suggesting that prasugrel 5 mg in low-body-weight (LBW) patients would be noninferior to prasugrel 10 mg in higher-body-weight (HBW) patients as assessed by maximal platelet aggregation (MPA). BACKGROUND: Prasugrel 10 mg reduced ischemic events compared with clopidogrel 75 mg but increased bleeding, particularly in LBW patients. METHODS: In this blinded, 3-period, crossover study in stable patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) taking aspirin, prasugrel 5 and 10 mg and clopidogrel 75 mg were administered to LBW (56.4 ± 3.7 kg; n = 34) and HBW patients (84.7 ± 14.9 kg; n = 38). Assays included light transmission aggregometry (LTA), VerifyNow P2Y12 (VN), and vasodilator-associated stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) level measured predose and after each 12-day treatment. RESULTS: Median MPA by LTA for prasugrel 5 mg in LBW patients was noninferior to the 75th percentile for prasugrel 10 mg in HBW patients (primary endpoint) and mean MPA was similar, but active metabolite exposure was lowered by 38%. Within LBW patients, prasugrel 5 mg lowered MPA more than clopidogrel (least squares mean difference [95% confidence interval]: -3.7% [-6.72%, -0.69%]) and resulted in lower rates of high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR). Within HBW patients, prasugrel 10 mg lowered MPA more than clopidogrel (-16.9% [-22.3%, -11.5%]). Similar results were observed by VN and VASP. Prasugrel 10 mg in LBW patients was associated with more mild to moderate bleeding (mainly bruising) compared with prasugrel 5 mg and clopidogrel. CONCLUSIONS: In aspirin-treated patients with CAD, prasugrel 5 mg in LBW patients reduced platelet reactivity to a similar extent as prasugrel 10 mg in HBW patients and resulted in greater platelet inhibition, lower HPR, and similar bleeding rates compared with clopidogrel. (Comparison of Prasugrel and Clopidogrel in Low Body Weight Versus Higher Body Weight With Coronary Artery Disease [FEATHER]; NCT01107925). (Less)
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keywords
prasugrel, platelet reactivity, coronary artery disease, low body weight
in
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
volume
60
issue
20
pages
2032 - 2040
publisher
Elsevier USA
external identifiers
  • wos:000310783200005
  • pmid:23083774
  • scopus:84868568462
ISSN
0735-1097
DOI
10.1016/j.jacc.2012.08.964
language
English
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yes
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f339b6a4-cd3c-4d9d-b298-012a57a7a5a3 (old id 3160527)
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23083774?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2012-11-01 11:14:08
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2017-11-05 03:20:57
@article{f339b6a4-cd3c-4d9d-b298-012a57a7a5a3,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to confirm prior modeling data suggesting that prasugrel 5 mg in low-body-weight (LBW) patients would be noninferior to prasugrel 10 mg in higher-body-weight (HBW) patients as assessed by maximal platelet aggregation (MPA). BACKGROUND: Prasugrel 10 mg reduced ischemic events compared with clopidogrel 75 mg but increased bleeding, particularly in LBW patients. METHODS: In this blinded, 3-period, crossover study in stable patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) taking aspirin, prasugrel 5 and 10 mg and clopidogrel 75 mg were administered to LBW (56.4 ± 3.7 kg; n = 34) and HBW patients (84.7 ± 14.9 kg; n = 38). Assays included light transmission aggregometry (LTA), VerifyNow P2Y12 (VN), and vasodilator-associated stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) level measured predose and after each 12-day treatment. RESULTS: Median MPA by LTA for prasugrel 5 mg in LBW patients was noninferior to the 75th percentile for prasugrel 10 mg in HBW patients (primary endpoint) and mean MPA was similar, but active metabolite exposure was lowered by 38%. Within LBW patients, prasugrel 5 mg lowered MPA more than clopidogrel (least squares mean difference [95% confidence interval]: -3.7% [-6.72%, -0.69%]) and resulted in lower rates of high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR). Within HBW patients, prasugrel 10 mg lowered MPA more than clopidogrel (-16.9% [-22.3%, -11.5%]). Similar results were observed by VN and VASP. Prasugrel 10 mg in LBW patients was associated with more mild to moderate bleeding (mainly bruising) compared with prasugrel 5 mg and clopidogrel. CONCLUSIONS: In aspirin-treated patients with CAD, prasugrel 5 mg in LBW patients reduced platelet reactivity to a similar extent as prasugrel 10 mg in HBW patients and resulted in greater platelet inhibition, lower HPR, and similar bleeding rates compared with clopidogrel. (Comparison of Prasugrel and Clopidogrel in Low Body Weight Versus Higher Body Weight With Coronary Artery Disease [FEATHER]; NCT01107925).},
  author       = {Erlinge, David and Ten Berg, Jurrien and Foley, David and Angiolillo, Dominick J and Wagner, Henrik and Brown, Patricia B and Zhou, Chunmei and Luo, Junxiang and Jakubowski, Joseph A and Moser, Brian and Small, David S and Bergmeijer, Thomas and James, Stefan and Winters, Kenneth J},
  issn         = {0735-1097},
  keyword      = {prasugrel,platelet reactivity,coronary artery disease,low body weight},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {20},
  pages        = {2032--2040},
  publisher    = {Elsevier USA},
  series       = {Journal of the American College of Cardiology},
  title        = {Reduction in Platelet Reactivity With Prasugrel 5 mg in Low-Body-Weight Patients Is Noninferior to Prasugrel 10 mg in Higher-Body-Weight Patients: Results From the FEATHER Trial.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2012.08.964},
  volume       = {60},
  year         = {2012},
}