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Socioeconomic differences in smoking cessation : The role of social participation

Lindström, Martin LU ; Hanson, Bertil S.; Östergren, Per Olof LU and Berglund, Göran LU (2000) In Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 28(3). p.200-208
Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate whether psychosocial resources explain socioeconomic differences in smoking cessation and its maintenance. Methods: A subpopulation of 11,837 individuals from the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study interviewed in 1992-94, age range 45-64 years, was investigated in this cross-sectional study. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to assess relative risks of having stopped smoking, adjusting for age, country of origin, previous/ current diseases, and marital status. Results: An odds ratio of 1.9 (1.4-2.5; 95% CI) for men and 2.0 (1.4-2.7; 95% CI) for women of having stopped smoking was found for higher non-manual employees when compared with unskilled manual workers. A decrease in... (More)

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate whether psychosocial resources explain socioeconomic differences in smoking cessation and its maintenance. Methods: A subpopulation of 11,837 individuals from the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study interviewed in 1992-94, age range 45-64 years, was investigated in this cross-sectional study. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to assess relative risks of having stopped smoking, adjusting for age, country of origin, previous/ current diseases, and marital status. Results: An odds ratio of 1.9 (1.4-2.5; 95% CI) for men and 2.0 (1.4-2.7; 95% CI) for women of having stopped smoking was found for higher non-manual employees when compared with unskilled manual workers. A decrease in these odds ratios was found when social participation was introduced into the model. The other three social network and social support variables were non-significant. Conclusion: High social participation is a predictor of maintenance of smoking cessation. It seems possible to interpret parts of the socioeconomic differences in smoking cessation and its maintenance as a consequence of differing social network resources and social capital between socioeconomic groups.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
smoking cessation, social capital, social participation, socioeconomic status
in
Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
volume
28
issue
3
pages
200 - 208
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:84993683733
ISSN
1403-4948
DOI
10.1177/14034948000280030901
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
317e0f59-6a78-466d-8d42-c26c82404ced
date added to LUP
2018-08-16 16:23:52
date last changed
2019-06-16 05:07:31
@article{317e0f59-6a78-466d-8d42-c26c82404ced,
  abstract     = {<p>Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate whether psychosocial resources explain socioeconomic differences in smoking cessation and its maintenance. Methods: A subpopulation of 11,837 individuals from the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study interviewed in 1992-94, age range 45-64 years, was investigated in this cross-sectional study. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to assess relative risks of having stopped smoking, adjusting for age, country of origin, previous/ current diseases, and marital status. Results: An odds ratio of 1.9 (1.4-2.5; 95% CI) for men and 2.0 (1.4-2.7; 95% CI) for women of having stopped smoking was found for higher non-manual employees when compared with unskilled manual workers. A decrease in these odds ratios was found when social participation was introduced into the model. The other three social network and social support variables were non-significant. Conclusion: High social participation is a predictor of maintenance of smoking cessation. It seems possible to interpret parts of the socioeconomic differences in smoking cessation and its maintenance as a consequence of differing social network resources and social capital between socioeconomic groups.</p>},
  author       = {Lindström, Martin and Hanson, Bertil S. and Östergren, Per Olof and Berglund, Göran},
  issn         = {1403-4948},
  keyword      = {smoking cessation,social capital,social participation,socioeconomic status},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {200--208},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Public Health},
  title        = {Socioeconomic differences in smoking cessation : The role of social participation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/14034948000280030901},
  volume       = {28},
  year         = {2000},
}