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An Interactive Mapping Tool to Assess Individual Mobility Patterns in Neighborhood Studies

Chaix, Basile; Kestens, Yan; Perchoux, Camille; Karusisi, Noella; Merlo, Juan LU and Labadi, Karima (2012) In American Journal of Preventive Medicine 43(4). p.440-450
Abstract
As their most critical limitation, neighborhood and health studies published to date have not taken into account nonresidential activity places where individuals travel in their daily lives. However, identifying low-mobility populations residing in low-resource environments, assessing cumulative environmental exposures over multiple activity places, and identifying specific activity locations for targeting interventions are important for health promotion. Daily mobility has not been given due consideration in part because of a lack of tools to collect locational information on activity spaces. Thus, the first aim of the current article is to describe VERITAS (Visualization and Evaluation of Route Itineraries, Travel Destinations, and... (More)
As their most critical limitation, neighborhood and health studies published to date have not taken into account nonresidential activity places where individuals travel in their daily lives. However, identifying low-mobility populations residing in low-resource environments, assessing cumulative environmental exposures over multiple activity places, and identifying specific activity locations for targeting interventions are important for health promotion. Daily mobility has not been given due consideration in part because of a lack of tools to collect locational information on activity spaces. Thus, the first aim of the current article is to describe VERITAS (Visualization and Evaluation of Route Itineraries, Travel Destinations, and Activity Spaces), an interactive web mapping application that can geolocate individuals' activity places, routes between locations, and relevant areas such as experienced or perceived neighborhoods. The second aim is to formalize the theoretic grounds of a contextual expology as a subdiscipline to better assess the spatiotemporal configuration of environmental exposures. Based on activity place data, various indicators of individual patterns of movement in space (spatial behavior) are described. Successive steps are outlined for elaborating variables of multiplace environmental exposure (collection of raw locational information, selection/exclusion of locational data, defining an exposure area for measurement, and calculation). Travel and activity place network areas are discussed as a relevant construct for environmental exposure assessment. Finally, a note of caution is provided that these measures require careful handling to avoid increasing the magnitude of confounding (selective daily mobility bias). (Am J Prev Med 2012; 43(4): 440-450) (c) 2012 American Journal of Preventive Medicine (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
volume
43
issue
4
pages
440 - 450
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000309191600017
  • scopus:84866346370
ISSN
0749-3797
DOI
10.1016/j.amepre.2012.06.026
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
694e80e9-c89d-445d-b377-cc1906a2b890 (old id 3189748)
date added to LUP
2012-12-03 07:09:22
date last changed
2017-11-12 03:33:46
@article{694e80e9-c89d-445d-b377-cc1906a2b890,
  abstract     = {As their most critical limitation, neighborhood and health studies published to date have not taken into account nonresidential activity places where individuals travel in their daily lives. However, identifying low-mobility populations residing in low-resource environments, assessing cumulative environmental exposures over multiple activity places, and identifying specific activity locations for targeting interventions are important for health promotion. Daily mobility has not been given due consideration in part because of a lack of tools to collect locational information on activity spaces. Thus, the first aim of the current article is to describe VERITAS (Visualization and Evaluation of Route Itineraries, Travel Destinations, and Activity Spaces), an interactive web mapping application that can geolocate individuals' activity places, routes between locations, and relevant areas such as experienced or perceived neighborhoods. The second aim is to formalize the theoretic grounds of a contextual expology as a subdiscipline to better assess the spatiotemporal configuration of environmental exposures. Based on activity place data, various indicators of individual patterns of movement in space (spatial behavior) are described. Successive steps are outlined for elaborating variables of multiplace environmental exposure (collection of raw locational information, selection/exclusion of locational data, defining an exposure area for measurement, and calculation). Travel and activity place network areas are discussed as a relevant construct for environmental exposure assessment. Finally, a note of caution is provided that these measures require careful handling to avoid increasing the magnitude of confounding (selective daily mobility bias). (Am J Prev Med 2012; 43(4): 440-450) (c) 2012 American Journal of Preventive Medicine},
  author       = {Chaix, Basile and Kestens, Yan and Perchoux, Camille and Karusisi, Noella and Merlo, Juan and Labadi, Karima},
  issn         = {0749-3797},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {440--450},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {American Journal of Preventive Medicine},
  title        = {An Interactive Mapping Tool to Assess Individual Mobility Patterns in Neighborhood Studies},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2012.06.026},
  volume       = {43},
  year         = {2012},
}