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A biogeochemistry-based dynamic vegetation model and its application along a moisture gradient in the continental United States

Pan, Y; McGuire, AD; Melillo, JM; Kicklighter, DW; Sitch, S and Prentice, Iain Colin LU (2002) In Journal of Vegetation Science 13(3). p.369-382
Abstract
We develop and evaluate a large-scale dynamic vegetation model, TEM-LPJ, which considers interactions among water, light and nitrogen in simulating ecosystem function and structure. We parameterized the model for three plant functional types (PFTs): a temperate deciduous forest, a temperate coniferous forest, and a temperate C-3 grassland. Model parameters were determined using data from forest stands at the Harvard Forest in Massachusetts. Applications of the model reasonably simulated stand development over 120 yr for Populus tremuloides in Wisconsin and for Pinus elliottii in Florida. Our evaluation of tree-grass interactions simulated by the model indicated that competition for light led to dominance by the deciduous forest PFT in... (More)
We develop and evaluate a large-scale dynamic vegetation model, TEM-LPJ, which considers interactions among water, light and nitrogen in simulating ecosystem function and structure. We parameterized the model for three plant functional types (PFTs): a temperate deciduous forest, a temperate coniferous forest, and a temperate C-3 grassland. Model parameters were determined using data from forest stands at the Harvard Forest in Massachusetts. Applications of the model reasonably simulated stand development over 120 yr for Populus tremuloides in Wisconsin and for Pinus elliottii in Florida. Our evaluation of tree-grass interactions simulated by the model indicated that competition for light led to dominance by the deciduous forest PFT in moist regions of eastern United States and that water competition led to dominance by the grass PFT in dry regions of the central United States. Along a moisture transect at 41.5degrees N in the eastern United States, simulations by TEM-LPJ reproduced the composition of potential temperate deciduous forest, temperate savanna, and C3 grassland located along the transect. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
VEMAP, TEM-LPJ, plant functional type, biogeochemistry, biogeography
in
Journal of Vegetation Science
volume
13
issue
3
pages
369 - 382
publisher
International Association of Vegetation Science
external identifiers
  • wos:000178428000008
  • scopus:0036621958
ISSN
1654-1103
DOI
10.3170/2002-8-17451
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2b779f87-399b-47e6-9895-499aaece09ac (old id 326021)
date added to LUP
2007-11-08 09:47:50
date last changed
2017-02-26 03:35:06
@article{2b779f87-399b-47e6-9895-499aaece09ac,
  abstract     = {We develop and evaluate a large-scale dynamic vegetation model, TEM-LPJ, which considers interactions among water, light and nitrogen in simulating ecosystem function and structure. We parameterized the model for three plant functional types (PFTs): a temperate deciduous forest, a temperate coniferous forest, and a temperate C-3 grassland. Model parameters were determined using data from forest stands at the Harvard Forest in Massachusetts. Applications of the model reasonably simulated stand development over 120 yr for Populus tremuloides in Wisconsin and for Pinus elliottii in Florida. Our evaluation of tree-grass interactions simulated by the model indicated that competition for light led to dominance by the deciduous forest PFT in moist regions of eastern United States and that water competition led to dominance by the grass PFT in dry regions of the central United States. Along a moisture transect at 41.5degrees N in the eastern United States, simulations by TEM-LPJ reproduced the composition of potential temperate deciduous forest, temperate savanna, and C3 grassland located along the transect.},
  author       = {Pan, Y and McGuire, AD and Melillo, JM and Kicklighter, DW and Sitch, S and Prentice, Iain Colin},
  issn         = {1654-1103},
  keyword      = {VEMAP,TEM-LPJ,plant functional type,biogeochemistry,biogeography},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {369--382},
  publisher    = {International Association of Vegetation Science},
  series       = {Journal of Vegetation Science},
  title        = {A biogeochemistry-based dynamic vegetation model and its application along a moisture gradient in the continental United States},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3170/2002-8-17451},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2002},
}