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Study on ignition and flame development in gasoline partially premixed combustion using multiple optical diagnostics

Tang, Qinglong; Liu, Haifeng LU ; Li, Mingkun; Yao, Mingfa and Li, Zhongshan LU (2017) In Combustion and Flame 177. p.98-108
Abstract

Gasoline partially premixed combustion (PPC) is a potential strategy to achieve high engine efficiency, as well as low NOx and soot emissions. But the in-cylinder combustion process of PPC is not well understood. In this paper, multiple optical diagnostics are applied to investigate the PPC ignition and flame development in a light-duty optical engine under single-injection condition. For the injection timing of −25 CA after top dead center (ATDC), the results indicate that the combustion process of gasoline PPC can be basically divided into four stages: 1) multiple auto-ignition kernels emerging in fuel-rich regions; 2) flame front propagation of the ignition kernels towards fuel-lean regions; 3) auto-ignition in the end-gas... (More)

Gasoline partially premixed combustion (PPC) is a potential strategy to achieve high engine efficiency, as well as low NOx and soot emissions. But the in-cylinder combustion process of PPC is not well understood. In this paper, multiple optical diagnostics are applied to investigate the PPC ignition and flame development in a light-duty optical engine under single-injection condition. For the injection timing of −25 CA after top dead center (ATDC), the results indicate that the combustion process of gasoline PPC can be basically divided into four stages: 1) multiple auto-ignition kernels emerging in fuel-rich regions; 2) flame front propagation of the ignition kernels towards fuel-lean regions; 3) auto-ignition in the end-gas of fuel-lean regions; 4) a “burnout” stage in the whole combustion chamber after the main heat release process ends. The natural flame emission spectra from these four stages in PPC are analyzed. Distinct flame front propagation is verified during the early stages of the flame development process by both formaldehyde and OH planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) imaging. The wide spread and late persistence of OH radicals after the main heat release process may account for the low soot emissions of gasoline PPC. The flame expansion speeds, determined by monitoring the flame fronts extracted from the combustion images, are much higher than that in SI (spark ignition) or SACI (spark-assisted compression ignition) combustion. With earlier fuel injection timing of −90 CA ATDC, the flame propagation process is less pronounced, and the sequential auto-ignition process prevails. Variation of the fuel stratification degree caused by the different fuel injection timings is responsible for this transformation in the flame development pattern for gasoline PPC.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Flame speed, Optical diagnostics, PLIF, PPC, Sequential auto-ignition
in
Combustion and Flame
volume
177
pages
11 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85011591086
  • wos:000397352900009
ISSN
0010-2180
DOI
10.1016/j.combustflame.2016.12.013
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
32914ebf-dbe0-4451-9476-6b4a0a23e9fa
date added to LUP
2017-02-15 11:59:07
date last changed
2018-01-07 11:50:03
@article{32914ebf-dbe0-4451-9476-6b4a0a23e9fa,
  abstract     = {<p>Gasoline partially premixed combustion (PPC) is a potential strategy to achieve high engine efficiency, as well as low NO<sub>x</sub> and soot emissions. But the in-cylinder combustion process of PPC is not well understood. In this paper, multiple optical diagnostics are applied to investigate the PPC ignition and flame development in a light-duty optical engine under single-injection condition. For the injection timing of −25 CA after top dead center (ATDC), the results indicate that the combustion process of gasoline PPC can be basically divided into four stages: 1) multiple auto-ignition kernels emerging in fuel-rich regions; 2) flame front propagation of the ignition kernels towards fuel-lean regions; 3) auto-ignition in the end-gas of fuel-lean regions; 4) a “burnout” stage in the whole combustion chamber after the main heat release process ends. The natural flame emission spectra from these four stages in PPC are analyzed. Distinct flame front propagation is verified during the early stages of the flame development process by both formaldehyde and OH planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) imaging. The wide spread and late persistence of OH radicals after the main heat release process may account for the low soot emissions of gasoline PPC. The flame expansion speeds, determined by monitoring the flame fronts extracted from the combustion images, are much higher than that in SI (spark ignition) or SACI (spark-assisted compression ignition) combustion. With earlier fuel injection timing of −90 CA ATDC, the flame propagation process is less pronounced, and the sequential auto-ignition process prevails. Variation of the fuel stratification degree caused by the different fuel injection timings is responsible for this transformation in the flame development pattern for gasoline PPC.</p>},
  author       = {Tang, Qinglong and Liu, Haifeng and Li, Mingkun and Yao, Mingfa and Li, Zhongshan},
  issn         = {0010-2180},
  keyword      = {Flame speed,Optical diagnostics,PLIF,PPC,Sequential auto-ignition},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {03},
  pages        = {98--108},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Combustion and Flame},
  title        = {Study on ignition and flame development in gasoline partially premixed combustion using multiple optical diagnostics},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2016.12.013},
  volume       = {177},
  year         = {2017},
}