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Geomagnetic field variations in northern Sweden during the Holocene quantified from varved lake sediments and their implications for cosmogenic nuclide production rates

Snowball, Ian LU and Sandgren, Per LU (2002) In The Holocene 12(5). p.517-530
Abstract
Palaeomagnetic analyses were conducted on two varved lake-sediment sequences in northern Sweden. The magnetic properties of the sediment sequences are dominated by stable single-domain magnetite with characteristics typical of bacterial magnetosomes. Alternating field demagnetization measurements indicate that the single-domain magnetite is the dominant carrier of a stable natural remanent magnetization. Temporal variations in inclination and declination were obtained from a total of four cores and the data points were stacked according to their independent calendar-year (varve) ages. Statistically significant patterns in inclination and declination form a regional palaeomagnetic secular variation (PSV) curve, which possesses features that... (More)
Palaeomagnetic analyses were conducted on two varved lake-sediment sequences in northern Sweden. The magnetic properties of the sediment sequences are dominated by stable single-domain magnetite with characteristics typical of bacterial magnetosomes. Alternating field demagnetization measurements indicate that the single-domain magnetite is the dominant carrier of a stable natural remanent magnetization. Temporal variations in inclination and declination were obtained from a total of four cores and the data points were stacked according to their independent calendar-year (varve) ages. Statistically significant patterns in inclination and declination form a regional palaeomagnetic secular variation (PSV) curve, which possesses features that are identical in form to the UK Holocene PSV master curve. However, the calibrated radiocarbon ages of UK features identified prior to 1500 BC are approximately 500 years older than their Swedish varve-dated equivalents, which points to dating errors and/or drifting of the geomagnetic field. The sediments meet the uniformity criteria proposed for palaeointensity reconstruction and estimates of relative geomagnetic field intensity are calibrated against global dipole-moment compilations. A calculated nuclide production curve is derived from the reconstructed geomagnetic field intensity, which empirically demonstrates the dominant modulation of cosmogenic nuclide production by dipole-moment between 5000 BC and AD 1500. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Holocene, northern Sweden, cosmogenic nuclides, dipole-moment, palaeointensity, varves, palaeomagnetic secular variation
in
The Holocene
volume
12
issue
5
pages
517 - 530
publisher
SAGE Publications Inc.
external identifiers
  • wos:000177949100002
  • scopus:0036727028
ISSN
0959-6836
DOI
10.1191/0959683602hl562rp
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
450ed6f1-86b7-44d9-ac82-9c51270b7cb6 (old id 329209)
date added to LUP
2007-11-14 12:48:28
date last changed
2017-12-10 03:39:29
@article{450ed6f1-86b7-44d9-ac82-9c51270b7cb6,
  abstract     = {Palaeomagnetic analyses were conducted on two varved lake-sediment sequences in northern Sweden. The magnetic properties of the sediment sequences are dominated by stable single-domain magnetite with characteristics typical of bacterial magnetosomes. Alternating field demagnetization measurements indicate that the single-domain magnetite is the dominant carrier of a stable natural remanent magnetization. Temporal variations in inclination and declination were obtained from a total of four cores and the data points were stacked according to their independent calendar-year (varve) ages. Statistically significant patterns in inclination and declination form a regional palaeomagnetic secular variation (PSV) curve, which possesses features that are identical in form to the UK Holocene PSV master curve. However, the calibrated radiocarbon ages of UK features identified prior to 1500 BC are approximately 500 years older than their Swedish varve-dated equivalents, which points to dating errors and/or drifting of the geomagnetic field. The sediments meet the uniformity criteria proposed for palaeointensity reconstruction and estimates of relative geomagnetic field intensity are calibrated against global dipole-moment compilations. A calculated nuclide production curve is derived from the reconstructed geomagnetic field intensity, which empirically demonstrates the dominant modulation of cosmogenic nuclide production by dipole-moment between 5000 BC and AD 1500.},
  author       = {Snowball, Ian and Sandgren, Per},
  issn         = {0959-6836},
  keyword      = {Holocene,northern Sweden,cosmogenic nuclides,dipole-moment,palaeointensity,varves,palaeomagnetic secular variation},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {517--530},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications Inc.},
  series       = {The Holocene},
  title        = {Geomagnetic field variations in northern Sweden during the Holocene quantified from varved lake sediments and their implications for cosmogenic nuclide production rates},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1191/0959683602hl562rp},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2002},
}