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Language development in hearing-impaired children - Establishment of a reference material for a 'Language test for hearing-impaired children', LATHIC

Borg, E; Risberg, A; McAllister, B; Undemar, BM; Edquist, G; Reinholdson, AC; Wiking-Johnsson, A and Willstedt-Svensson, Ursula LU (2002) In International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 65(1). p.15-26
Abstract
Objective: In Sweden, there has previously been no normalised test material for the evaluation of language development in individual hearing-impaired children, and for the assessment of various methods of auditory habilitation. The purpose of the present study was to compose, apply and evaluate a test for language development in hearing-impaired children, and to establish the first set of reference values related to age, sex, type and degree of hearing impairment. Methods: A test consisting of nine subtests was assembled and developed for, and subsequently applied to, hearing-impaired children in the age range 4-6 years. The inclusion criteria were a pure tone average of 80 dBHL or less and oral language (Swedish) as the first language.... (More)
Objective: In Sweden, there has previously been no normalised test material for the evaluation of language development in individual hearing-impaired children, and for the assessment of various methods of auditory habilitation. The purpose of the present study was to compose, apply and evaluate a test for language development in hearing-impaired children, and to establish the first set of reference values related to age, sex, type and degree of hearing impairment. Methods: A test consisting of nine subtests was assembled and developed for, and subsequently applied to, hearing-impaired children in the age range 4-6 years. The inclusion criteria were a pure tone average of 80 dBHL or less and oral language (Swedish) as the first language. Two hundred and eleven hearing-impaired children and 87 normal hearing control children were tested. Results: The results show that: (1) children with hearing impairment-also unilateral-have a delayed language development; (2) the delay is greater in children with larger losses and tends to decrease with increasing age; (3) 6-year-olds with hearing loss greater than 60 dB have not reached the level of the control group; (4) no difference between right- or left sided deafness with respect to language development was observed; (5) a reference material, applicable during clinical assessment, was established for the most common types of hearing impairment. Conclusions: The test designed gave graded measures of important aspects of language development in hearing-impaired children. The results merit further application of the test material. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
test design, phonology, reception, speech, speech-in-noise, language development, hearing impairment
in
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
volume
65
issue
1
pages
15 - 26
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:12127218
  • wos:000177265400003
  • scopus:0036679978
ISSN
1872-8464
DOI
10.1016/S0165-5876(02)00120-9
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4bc950b9-0bda-45c5-87b3-d1473361a278 (old id 332000)
date added to LUP
2007-08-10 14:26:27
date last changed
2017-10-22 03:35:15
@article{4bc950b9-0bda-45c5-87b3-d1473361a278,
  abstract     = {Objective: In Sweden, there has previously been no normalised test material for the evaluation of language development in individual hearing-impaired children, and for the assessment of various methods of auditory habilitation. The purpose of the present study was to compose, apply and evaluate a test for language development in hearing-impaired children, and to establish the first set of reference values related to age, sex, type and degree of hearing impairment. Methods: A test consisting of nine subtests was assembled and developed for, and subsequently applied to, hearing-impaired children in the age range 4-6 years. The inclusion criteria were a pure tone average of 80 dBHL or less and oral language (Swedish) as the first language. Two hundred and eleven hearing-impaired children and 87 normal hearing control children were tested. Results: The results show that: (1) children with hearing impairment-also unilateral-have a delayed language development; (2) the delay is greater in children with larger losses and tends to decrease with increasing age; (3) 6-year-olds with hearing loss greater than 60 dB have not reached the level of the control group; (4) no difference between right- or left sided deafness with respect to language development was observed; (5) a reference material, applicable during clinical assessment, was established for the most common types of hearing impairment. Conclusions: The test designed gave graded measures of important aspects of language development in hearing-impaired children. The results merit further application of the test material. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Borg, E and Risberg, A and McAllister, B and Undemar, BM and Edquist, G and Reinholdson, AC and Wiking-Johnsson, A and Willstedt-Svensson, Ursula},
  issn         = {1872-8464},
  keyword      = {test design,phonology,reception,speech,speech-in-noise,language development,hearing impairment},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {15--26},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology},
  title        = {Language development in hearing-impaired children - Establishment of a reference material for a 'Language test for hearing-impaired children', LATHIC},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0165-5876(02)00120-9},
  volume       = {65},
  year         = {2002},
}