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Open drug markets, vulnerable neighbourhoods and gun violence in two Swedish cities

Gerell, Manne ; Sturup, Joakim ; Magnusson, Mia-Maria ; Nilvall, Kim ; Khoshnood, Ardavan LU and Rostami, Amir (2021) In Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism
Abstract
Gun violence is a serious issue in many countries across the globe. It has been shown that there is an elevated risk for a further shooting nearby within a short time span of a shooting incident, so-called near-repeat patterning. The present study presents new evidence on near-repeat patterning in Sweden, with a focus on neighbourhoods which the police have labelled as ‘vulnerable’ – deprived neighbourhoods where criminal networks have a large impact on local communities. Such neighbourhoods tend to have open drug markets, and to have high levels of gun violence. The present paper analyses the association of open drug markets and vulnerable neighbourhoods with gun violence and near-repeat patterning of gun violence in two Swedish cities.... (More)
Gun violence is a serious issue in many countries across the globe. It has been shown that there is an elevated risk for a further shooting nearby within a short time span of a shooting incident, so-called near-repeat patterning. The present study presents new evidence on near-repeat patterning in Sweden, with a focus on neighbourhoods which the police have labelled as ‘vulnerable’ – deprived neighbourhoods where criminal networks have a large impact on local communities. Such neighbourhoods tend to have open drug markets, and to have high levels of gun violence. The present paper analyses the association of open drug markets and vulnerable neighbourhoods with gun violence and near-repeat patterning of gun violence in two Swedish cities. Our findings suggest that gun violence is strongly concentrated on open drug markets in vulnerable neighbourhoods, and that those locations in addition exhibit high risks for repeat shootings after an initial shooting event. We propose that the police can use this knowledge to improve practices to prevent or disrupt gun violence.

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organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Gun Violence, Shootings, Open Drug Markets, Neighborhoods, Firearm, Firearm-Related Violence, Sweden, Malmö, Stockholm, Drugs, Skjutvapenvåld, Skottlossning, Öppen Drogmarknad, Områden, Skjutvapen, Skjutvapenrelaterad våld, Sverige, Malmö, Stockholm, Droger
in
Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:85103215517
ISSN
1833-5330
DOI
10.1080/18335330.2021.1889019
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
332291f6-a75c-485a-9e3f-9ac08a495e84
date added to LUP
2021-03-20 01:17:34
date last changed
2021-04-08 10:40:40
@article{332291f6-a75c-485a-9e3f-9ac08a495e84,
  abstract     = {Gun violence is a serious issue in many countries across the globe. It has been shown that there is an elevated risk for a further shooting nearby within a short time span of a shooting incident, so-called near-repeat patterning. The present study presents new evidence on near-repeat patterning in Sweden, with a focus on neighbourhoods which the police have labelled as ‘vulnerable’ – deprived neighbourhoods where criminal networks have a large impact on local communities. Such neighbourhoods tend to have open drug markets, and to have high levels of gun violence. The present paper analyses the association of open drug markets and vulnerable neighbourhoods with gun violence and near-repeat patterning of gun violence in two Swedish cities. Our findings suggest that gun violence is strongly concentrated on open drug markets in vulnerable neighbourhoods, and that those locations in addition exhibit high risks for repeat shootings after an initial shooting event. We propose that the police can use this knowledge to improve practices to prevent or disrupt gun violence.<br/><br/>},
  author       = {Gerell, Manne and Sturup, Joakim and Magnusson, Mia-Maria and Nilvall, Kim and Khoshnood, Ardavan and Rostami, Amir},
  issn         = {1833-5330},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {03},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism},
  title        = {Open drug markets, vulnerable neighbourhoods and gun violence in two Swedish cities},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/18335330.2021.1889019},
  doi          = {10.1080/18335330.2021.1889019},
  year         = {2021},
}